Lin Cui

Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Beijing, Beijing Shi, China

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Publications (11)45.55 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The impact of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the central nervous system is a topic with mounting interest and concern and the facts remain elusive. In the current study, the neurotoxicity of commercial AgNPs to rat cerebellum granule cells (CGCs) and the corresponding molecular mechanism are closely investigated. It is demonstrated that AgNPs induce significant cellular toxicity to CGCs in a dose-dependent manner without damaging the cell membrane. Flow cytometry analysis with the Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) staining indicates that the apoptotic proportion of CGCs upon treatment with AgNPs is greatly increased compared to the negative control. Moreover, the activity of caspase-3 is largely elevated in AgNP-treated cells compared to the negative control. AgNPs are demonstrated to induce oxidative stress, reflected by the massive generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the depletion of antioxidant glutathione (GSH), and the increase of intracellular calcium. Histological examination suggests that AgNPs provoke destruction of the cerebellum granular layer in rats with concomitant activation of caspase-3, in parallel to the neurotoxicity of AgNPs observed in vitro. Taken together, it is demonstrated for the first time that AgNPs substantially impair the survival of primary neuronal cells through apoptosis coupled to oxidative stress, depending on the caspase activation-mediated signaling.
    Small 02/2013; · 7.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 1,8-Bis(dimethylamino)naphthalene (DMAN), a classical 'proton sponge', was functionalized on silica particles as a novel solid-phase extraction (SPE) adsorbent (DMAN@silica) for extracting perfluoroalkyl sulfonates (PFSs). High reproducibility and excellent extraction capability for PFSs were obtained in a wide pH range (3.0~8.5). The adsorbed PFSs on DMAN@silica sorbents could be efficiently eluted by 1,8-bis(tetramethylguanidino)naphthalene (TMGN) solution which is a proton sponge with higher proton affinity than DMAN. The elution could be directly analyzed by MALDI-TOF-MS using TMGN as matrix. Clear mass spectra for the PFSs were obtained due to no matrix ions interference observed. Furthermore, a novel strategy based on the DMAN@silica-SPE enrichment, followed by MALDI-TOF-MS analysis, was proposed and applied for PFSs quantification in environmental water samples. The calibration curves of each of the target analytes showed a wide linear dynamic range of response (0.1-10 ng L(-1) for perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorohexyl sulfonate (PFHxS) and perfluorobutylsulfonate (PFBS)), which were over 2 orders of magnitude. The detection limits for PFOS, PFHxS, and PFBS were 0.021, 0.016, and 0.013 ng L(-1), respectively (S/N = 3). Recoveries of PFOS, PFHxS, and PFBS are in the ranges of 92-104%, 95-102%, and 98-109% for spiked river water samples. These results indicated that the prepared DMAN@silica adsorbents could efficiently enrich PFSs and that the proposed method is reliable.
    The Analyst 03/2012; 137(9):2218-25. · 4.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Determination of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) is very important because of their potential hazards to the environment and human health. In present work, 1,8-bis (tetramethylguanidino)-naphthalene (TMGN), a superbasic proton sponge, was firstly employed as the matrix for quantitative detection of acidic PFCs in environmental water samples by Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Several acidic PFCs, such as perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), were selected as model analytes for demonstrating the feasibility of the detection method. The results showed that deprotonated ions of these PFCs were detected without any other matrix ions interference. The achieved sensitivity with TMGN for PFOS detection was ten-fold higher than that with 1,8-bis (dimethyl-amino)-naphthalene (DMAN) which was used for the detection of fatty acid by MALDI-TOF-MS. The high sensitivity of this method made it feasible to monitor and quantify acidic PFCs in complicated environmental water samples. Furthermore, a novel combined strategy of solid phase extraction (SPE) followed by MALDI-TOF-MS detection was developed for quantifying PFCs in environmental water samples. The calibration curves with a wide linear dynamic range (0.1-10 ng L(-1) for PFOS, PFHxS, and PFBS, and 0.5-50 ng L(-1) for PFOA, PFNA, and PFDA.) were obtained. The limit of detection (LOD) for PFOS of this method was 0.015 ng L(-1) (a signal-to-noise ratio of 3), which was lower than the LOD (0.036 ng L(-1)) obtained by high-pressure liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method. Moreover, the strategy was used to detect the selected PFCs in water samples collected from Xiaoqinghe river and Gaobeidian wastewater. The achieved concentrations of PFCs were closed to those obtained by LC-MS/MS method. It is indicated that the proposed MALDI-TOF-MS method with TMGN as the matrix is much reliable and can be used as an alternative method to detect trace PFCs in environmental water samples.
    Talanta 07/2011; 85(1):345-52. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Triphenylsulfonium chloride (TPSC) was employed as a bifunctional agent for the selective enrichment of perfluoroalkyl sulfonates by triphenylsulfonium perfluorosulfonic acid (TPA, a photoacid generator) precipitation, and for the direct detection of perfluorosulfonic acid by MALDI-TOF-MS, using the triphensylsulfonium group of TPA as a matrix.
    The Analyst 04/2011; 136(11):2225-9. · 4.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work investigated the cytotoxicities of three silver nanoparticles (SNPs) SNP-5, SNP-20 and SNP-50 with different sizes ( approximately 5 nm, approximately 20 nm and approximately 50 nm) using four human cell models (A549, SGC-7901, HepG2 and MCF-7). Endpoints included cell morphology, cell viability, cellular membrane integrity, oxidative stress and cell cycle progression. Observable deleterious effects on the cell morphologies and membrane integrity were induced by SNP-5 and SNP-20. SNPs elevated the ROS levels in cells and arrested the cells at S phase. Apoptosis occurred for 4-9% of the exposed cells. All these cellular responses as well as EC50 values were found to be size-dependent for the tested SNPs. Ultrastructural observations confirmed the presence of SNPs inside cells. Elemental analysis of silver in cells by ICP-MS showed that smaller nanoparticles enter cells more easily than larger ones, which may be the cause of higher toxic effects. The findings may assist in the design of SNP applications and provide insights into their toxicity.
    Nanotoxicology 09/2010; 4(3):319-30. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The wide application of engineered nanomaterials, such as fullerene (C(60)), will inevitably lead to their release into the aqueous environment, which may alter the bioavailability of organic compounds to aquatic organisms. Negligible depletion solid-phase microextraction (nd-SPME) together with medaka (Oryzias latipes) bioaccumulation were used to study the effects of aqueous suspensions of fullerene (nC(60)) on the bioavailability of eight organochlorine compounds (OCCs) (logK(OW) 3.76-6.96). Freely dissolved concentrations of OCCs decreased by 11.5-88.4% at addition of 5mgL(-1)nC(60) as indicated by reduced equilibrium concentrations in the SPME fiber coating, the highest reduction being observed for the most hydrophobic OCCs. Medaka bioaccumulation study demonstrated that at the kinetic uptake regime, nC(60) significantly decreased the bioaccumulation of the high hydrophobic OCCs (logK(OW)>6), but slightly enhanced the bioaccumulation of the less hydrophobic OCCs (logK(OW)<6). The OCC concentrations in medaka (C(fish)) at the kinetic uptake regime linearly correlated with that in nd-SPME fiber (C(fiber)) without nC(60) (p=0.007-0.013, R(2)=0.666-0.723), but this correlation deteriorated with the presence of nC(60) (p=0.073-0.081, R(2)=0.423-0.440). These results suggest that in nC(60) the uptake mechanism of OCCs to medaka is different from that to nd-SPME fiber. While only the freely dissolved OCCs are available to nd-SPME fiber, both the freely dissolved and the nC(60) associated OCCs contributed to the accumulation of OCCs to medaka.
    Chemosphere 08/2010; 80(7):693-700. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), a class of synthetic surfactants that are widely used, have become global environmental contaminants because of their high persistence and bioaccumulation. An increasing number of studies have described the pharmacokinetics of PFCs following in vivo exposure, however, few papers have focused on the excretion of these compounds during a period of consecutive exposure. In this study, the excretions of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) in male Sprague-Dawley rats gavaged consecutively for 28 days were investigated and compared. The faster elimination rate in urine compared to feces indicated that urinary excretion is the primary clearance route in rats for either PFOA or PFOS. During the first 24 h after administration of PFOA (5 and 20 mg/kg body weight/day), about 24.7-29.6% of the oral dose was excreted through urine and feces, while for PFOS, the excretion amounts were only 2.6-2.8% of the total gavaged doses (5 and 20 mg/kg body weight/day). The excretion rates of both PFCs increased with increasing exposure doses. The higher elimination rate of PFOA through excretion indicated its lower accumulation in rats, thus inducing possible lower toxicities compared to PFOS.
    Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 06/2009; 58(1):205-13. · 2.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Concern on an emerging persistent contaminant, perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), is increasingly growing. Although the fate, transport, distribution and bioaccumulation of PFOS have been documented, its toxicological effects especially neurotoxicity remain largely unknown. In this study, the effects of PFOS on ion channels including potassium and sodium channels and exogenous glutamate-activated current in cultured rat hippocampal neurons were examined, based on whole-cell patch-clamp recording. PFOS markedly increased two subtypes of potassium currents, including transient outward current and delayed rectifier current, at doses over 10μM. PFOS did not affect the amplitude of sodium current at all administrated doses (1, 10 or 100μM) but clearly shifted the activation current-voltage curve toward negatively potential. Further, PFOS significantly altered the glutamate-activated current at all doses. Taken together these findings indicated that PFOS disturbs the neuronal physiological processes, which revealed the damage of this pollutant to nerve system and will be helpful for further exploration to its underlying mechanism.
    Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 05/2009; 27(3):338-44. · 2.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Scientific and public concerns on perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are increasingly growing because of their environmental persistency, bioaccumulation, and extensive distribution throughout the world. Little is known about the effects of PFCs on neural function and the underlying mechanisms. Recent evidence suggests that the toxicological effects of PFCs are closely correlated with their carbon chain lengths. In this present work, the actions of PFCs with varying chain length on cultured rat hippocampal neurons and possible action patterns were examined. Increases in the frequencies of spontaneous miniature postsynaptic current (mPSC) were commonly found in cultured neurons when perfused with PFCs. The increase of mPSC frequency was in proportion to the carbon chain length, and the potency of perfluorinated carboxylates was less pronounced than that of perfluorinated sulfonates. A comparable but less perceptible trend was also found for the amplitudes of voltage-dependent calcium current (I(Ca)). No regular change in pattern was observed for the effects of PFCs on activation and inactivation kinetics of I(Ca). Furthermore, prolonged treatment of PFCs inhibited the neurite growth of neuronsto various degrees. Comparisons between nonfluorinated and perfluorinated analogues demonstrated thatthefluorination in alkyl chain exerts stronger actions on neurons as compared to the surfactant activity. This study shows that PFCs exhibit adverse effects on cultured neurons to various extents, which is dependent on the carbon chain length and functional group attached to the fully fluorinated alkyl chain.
    Environmental Science and Technology 04/2009; 43(6):2099-104. · 5.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel on-line coupled HPLC-hydride generation (HG)-ICP/MS system was developed for rapid, direct and sensitive speciation of methyltins in seawater without any pretreatment step. Methyltin compounds were separated by reversed phase HPLC, and then on-line reacted with potassium borohydride and acetic acid to generate volatile hydride products. The volatile derivatization products were separated in the spray chamber of ICP/MS and then introduced into ICP/MS by argon gas for detection. Monomethyltin (MMT), dimethyltin (DMT) and trimethyltin (TMT) were baseline separated in less than 15 min by reversed phase HPLC. The influence of KBH(4) concentration and type of acid on the system performance was investigated and optimized. Calibration curves, based on peak heights against concentration, were linear in the range of 0.5-50 ng (Sn) mL(-1) of methyltins with correlation coefficients of 0.9990, 0.9990 and 0.9996 for MMT, DMT and TMT, respectively. The relative standard deviations measured at 10 ng (Sn) mL(-1) for these three methyltins were in the range of 0.6-1.4% (n=5), and the calculated detection limits (S/N=3) for MMT, DMT and TMT were 0.266, 0.095 and 0.039 ng (Sn) mL(-1), respectively. This method was successfully applied to the speciation of methyltins in seawater with spiked recovery in the range of 95.4-106.9%. MMT and DMT were detected in all the seawater samples with concentrations in the range of 1.0-1.5 and 0.30-0.57 ng (Sn) mL(-1) for MMT and DMT, respectively.
    Talanta 03/2009; 77(4):1273-8. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As an emerging class of environmentally persistent and bioaccumulative contaminants, perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), especially perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), have been ubiquitously found in the environment. Increasing evidence shows that the accumulated levels of PFCs in animals and the human body might cause potential impairment to their health. In the present study, toxicological effects of PFOA and PFOS on male Sprague-Dawley rats were examined after 28 days of subchronic exposure. Abnormal behavior and sharp weight loss were observed in the high-dose PFOS group. Marked hepatomegaly, renal hypertrophy, and orchioncus in treated groups were in accordance with the viscera-somatic indexes of the liver, kidney, and gonad. Histopathological observation showed that relatively serious damage occurred in the liver and lung, mainly including hepatocytic hypertrophy and cytoplasmic vacuolation in the livers and congestion and thickened epithelial walls in the lungs. PFOA concentrations in main target organs were in the order of kidney > liver > lung > (heart, whole blood) > testicle > (spleen, brain), whereas the bioaccumulation order for PFOS was liver > heart > kidney > (whole blood) > lung > (testicle, spleen, brain). The highest concentration of PFOA detected in the kidney exposed to 5 mg/kg/day was 228+/-37 microg/g and PFOS in the liver exposed to 20 mg/kg/day reached the highest level of 648+/-17 microg/g, indicating that the liver, lung, and kidney might serve as the main target organs for PFCs. Furthermore, a dose-dependent accumulation of PFOS in various tissues was found. The accumulation levels of PFOS were universally higher than PFOA, which might explain the relative high toxicity of PFOS. The definite toxicity and high accumulation of the tested PFCs might pose a great threat to biota and human beings due to their widespread application in various fields.
    Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 02/2009; 56(2):338-49. · 2.01 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

167 Citations
45.55 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2013
    • Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology
      • • State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
      • • Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      • State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
      Peping, Beijing, China