ABSTRACT: The term heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) is often used to describe the syndrome of heart failure with normal ejection fraction. Based on the previous studies, HFNEF has a significant morbidity and mortality and is associated with a similar prognosis to heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF). The present study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of HFNEF in elderly patients.
Consecutive elderly patients (≥ 60 years old) hospitalized for the first episode of heart failure (HF) in Beijing Hospital from January 2003 to December 2009 were retrospectively recruited. Three hundred and ten patients with HF were eligible for our study. As recently recommended, a cut-off value of 50% was used to distinguish HFNEF (LVEF ≥ 50%) from HFREF (LVEF < 50%). Data were retrospectively obtained from hospital records and databases. Follow-up data were obtained by telephone and from hospital records. For every eligible patient, the clinical characteristics and prognosis were collected and compared between the HFNEF and HFREF groups.
Patients with HFNEF accounted for 54.5% of all cases of elderly patients with HF. Compared with HFREF, the elderly patients with HFNEF had a higher proportion of females (62.1% vs. 32.6%, P < 0.001), higher body mass index (BMI) ((24.9 ± 4.7) vs. (23.5 ± 4.0) kg/m(2), P = 0.011), higher systolic blood pressure at admission ((141.5 ± 22.6) vs. (134.3 ± 18.6) mmHg, P = 0.002), but lower hemoglobin levels ((118.3 ± 22.7) vs. (125.8 ± 23.8) g/L, P = 0.005). The incidence of coronary heart disease (43.2% vs. 65.2%, P < 0.001) and myocardial infarction (16.6% vs. 46.1%, P < 0.001) were significantly lower in elderly patients with HFNEF than in those with HFREF (P < 0.001). With a mean follow-up of 33.5 (0.5 - 93) months, 120 patients (38.7%) died, including 94 (30.3%) cardiac deaths. The HFNEF group had fewer deaths than the HFREF group at the end of the first follow-up (46/169 (27.2%) vs. 58/141 (41.1%)) and at the end of the second follow-up (56/169 (33.1%) vs. 64/141 (45.4%)). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed a significantly higher survival rate in elderly patients with HFNEF than those with HFREF (P = 0.021 for total mortality and P < 0.001 for cardiac mortality). Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that LVEF < 50% was an independent risk factor for death in elderly patients with HF.
More than half of elderly patients with HF have a normal LVEF. The prognosis of the elderly patients with HFNEF is poor, though slightly better than the elderly patients with HFREF.
Chinese medical journal 08/2012; 125(16):2853-7. · 0.86 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the prognostic value of (99m)Tc-MIBI myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (MPS) with adenosine triphosphate in patients aged 80 years or older.
A total of 265 patients [mean age (84.2 +/- 3.6) years old] who underwent adenosine triphosphate and rest (99m)Tc-MIBI myocardial SPECT imaging were followed-up for (36.7 +/- 22.8) months.
During the period of follow-up, 57 patients (20.4%) suffered from cardiac events, including 20 major events: 5 cardiac death and 15 acute non-fatal myocardial infarction, 14 unstable angina pectoris, 7 heart failure and 16 cases undergoing PCI. The cardiac event rate in patients with fixed or mixed perfusion defects (n = 54) was 50%, which was significantly higher than that in patients with reversible perfusion defects (n = 67, 31.3%, P < 0.05) and normal perfusion imaging (n = 144, 6.2%, P < 0.01). The major cardiac event rate in patients with fixed or mixed perfusion defects was 27.8%, which was significantly higher than that in those with reversible perfusion defects (6.0%, P < 0.05) and normal perfusion imaging (0.7%, P < 0.01). Cox multivariate analysis revealed that an abnormal MPS was the most important independent predictor of major or total cardiac events.
(99m)Tc-MIBI MPS with ATP is demonstrated to be a powerful tool for the prognostic evaluation in octogenarian population. Octogenarians with a normal MPS have a low risk of major or total cardiac events, but when an abnormal MPS is present, the risk is significantly higher, being highest in patients with fixed or mixed perfusion defects.
Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 12/2009; 48(12):1012-5.
ABSTRACT: To explore the value of electrocardiographic (ECG) Cornell criteria for detecting left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in elderly Chinese men.
Since 1990, 244 autopsies were performed in our hospital in elderly men, LVH was determined in these autopsy hearts and correlated to ECG LVH signs recorded within 3 months before death according to Cornell (SV3+RaVL) and Sokolow-Lyon criteria (SV1+RV5 or RV6). The reference value of Cornell criteria was obtained based on values from autopsied healthy hearts, the sensitivity and specificity of Cornell and Sokolow-Lyon criteria for detecting left ventricular hypertrophy in these elderly men were calculated.
There were significantly correlations between QRS amplitudes of Cornell and Sokolow-Lyon criteria and autopsy left ventricular wall thickness in these hearts. The reference value of Cornell criteria (SV3+RaVL) was 2.9 mV. The sensitivity of Sokolow-Lyon and Cornell criteria for detecting LVH was 25.4% and 34.3% (P<0.05 vs Sokolow-Lyon criteria), respectively.
Voltage (SV3+RaVL)>or=2.9 mV might be a suitable diagnostic value for detecting left ventricular hypertrophy in Chinese elderly men.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 02/2009; 37(1):56-8.