ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to estimate the increase of bone-inductive potency by human demineralized dentin matrix (DDM) with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). Human teeth were crushed, completely demineralized in 0.6M HCl, and freeze-dried. The tooth-derived material is called DDM. The shape of DDM was a particle type and its size varied from 0.4 to 0.8 mm. The BMP-2 dose-dependent study in the rat subcutaneous tissues demonstrated that the volume of induced bone and marrow increased at a dose-dependent manner. The time-course study of bone induction by the BMP-2 (5.0 μg)/DDM (70 mg) was estimated histologically and biochemically. Histological findings showed that the BMP-2/DDM increased bone and marrow sequentially between the DDM particles. Calcium content in the BMP-2/DDM-induced tissue was compatible to the histological findings. ALP activity in the BMP-2/DDM showed a maximal value at 1 week and gradually decreased. The morphometric analysis demonstrated that the BMP-2/DDM showed 66.9%, 79.0% in the volume of bone and marrow, and 32.4%, 21.0% in that of DDM at 8, 32 weeks, respectively. We confirmed that BMP-2 significantly accelerated bone formation in the acid-insoluble human-dentin carriers. These results indicate that human DDM should be an effective carrier for delivering BMP-2 and superior scaffold for bone-forming cells.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 12/2011; 100(3):571-7. · 2.63 Impact Factor