ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of zinc supplementation on duration of illness in children with severe acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI).
This randomized triple-blind placebo-controlled trial was conducted in pediatric emergency of a teaching referral hospital. Children in the age group of 2-24 months presenting to pediatric emergency with severe ALRTI were included. Eligible children were randomly allocated to zinc (n=53) or control (n=53) groups. Zinc group received 20 mg of elemental zinc per day (5 ml syrup per day) as a single daily dose for 5 days. Control group received an equal amount of placebo which was appropriately modified to give the taste, smell, color and consistency similar to zinc mixture. Primary outcome was 'time to be asymptomatic', a composite outcome defined as resolution of all four of the following: danger signs, respiratory distress, tachypnea and hypoxia in room air.
Age, gender, nutritional status, pretreatment zinc levels and other demographic and clinical variables were similar in the two groups. 'Time to be asymptomatic' was comparable in the two groups (h; median (IQR): 60 (24-78) vs. 54 (30-72), P=0.98]. At any time point a similar proportion of children were symptomatic in both the groups. Time to resolution of respiratory distress, tachypnea, dangers signs and hypoxia were also similar in two groups. Duration of hospital stay was shorter by 9 h in the zinc group but the difference was statistically insignificant.
Zinc supplementation did not reduce recovery time and duration of hospital stay in children with ALRTI. Larger randomized controlled trials are needed to evaluate role of zinc in ALRTI.
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 09/2010; 78(1):33-7. · 0.52 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To study the feasibility and acceptability of Kangaroo mother care (KMC) on the low birth weight infants (LBWI) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) by the mothers, family members and health care workers (HCW) and to observe its effect on the vital parameters of the babies.
A observation in the NICU.
A total of 135 babies (74 boys and 61 girls) who completed minimum of 4 hrs of KMC/day, were included. The mean birth weight and gestation were 1460 gm and 30 week respectively. 47% babies started KMC within first week of age. Mean duration of KMC was 7 days (3-48) days. The O(2) saturation improved by 2-3%, temperature ( degrees C) rose from 36.75 +/- 0.19 to 37.23 +/- 0.25, respiration stabilized (p<0.05 for all) and heart rate dropped by 3-5 beats. No episodes of hypothermia or apnea were observed during KMC. KMC was accepted by 96 % mothers, 82% fathers and 84% other family members. 94% HCW considered it to be safe and conservative method of care of LBWI. Benefits of KMC on the babies' behavior and on maternal confidence and lactation were reported by 57%, 94% and 80% respectively. A decline in use of heating devices in the NICU was reported by 85% and 79% said it did not increase their work load.
KMC was found to be safe, effective and feasible method of care of LBWI even in the NICU settings. Positive attitudes were observed in mothers, families and HCW.
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 02/2009; 76(1):25-8. · 0.52 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Bleeding diathesis is a cardinal feature of viperine bite, which has been thought to last not more than 24 hours. There is scarcity of literature about prolonged bleeding disorder in snake envenomation. Various explanations suggested in the literature include-temporary decrease in antivenin levels, rapid elimination of antivenin from circulation or continuous release of unneutralised venom from the envenomated site. Two children with prolonged coagulopathy lasting for more than a week, correction of which required more than 300 ml of antisnake venom are reported here.
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 06/2003; 70(5):439-41. · 0.52 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Perinatal tuberculosis is insufficiently understood. Its early diagnosis is essential but often difficult as the initial manifestations
may be delayed. Improved screening of women at risk and sensitivity of the medical community are necessary. A coherent system
of cooperation between the hospital and community services and between pediatricians and adult physicians is indispensable
to find the index adult case to break the chain of contagion as well as to offer prophylactic therapy to the children at risk.
We hereby report a baby with perinatal tuberculosis who was not offered any prophylactic therapy inspite of the mother being
diagnosed to have pulmonary tuberculosis
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 03/2001; 68(4):343-345. · 0.52 Impact Factor