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ABSTRACT: Tumor-derived cell lines are indispensable tools for understanding the contribution of activated signaling pathways to the cancer phenotype and for the design and testing of targeted signal therapies. In our study, we characterize 10 colorectal carcinoma cell lines for the presence of mutations in the wnt, Ras/MAPK, PI3K and p53 pathways. The mutational spectrum found in this panel of cell lines is similar to that detected in primary CRC, albeit with higher frequency of mutation in the beta-catenin and B-Raf genes. We have monitored activation of the wnt and Ras/MAPK pathways in these cells and analyzed their sensitivity to selective signaling inhibitors. Using beta-catenin subcellular distribution as a marker, we show that cells harboring APC mutations have low-level activated wnt signaling, which can be blocked by the extracellular wnt inhibitor DKK-1, suggesting autocrine activation of this pathway; proliferation of these cells is also blocked by DKK-1. In contrast, cells with beta-catenin mutations are unresponsive to extracellular wnt inhibition. Constitutive phosphorylation of MAPK is present in the majority of the cell lines and correlates with B-Raf but not K-Ras mutations; correspondingly, the proliferation of cells harboring mutations in B-Raf, but not K-Ras, is exquisitely sensitive inhibition of the MAPK pathway. We find no correlation between PI3K mutation or loss of PTEN expression and increased sensitivity to PI3K inhibitors. Our study discloses clear-cut differences in responsiveness to signaling inhibitors between individual mutations within an activated signaling pathway and suggests likely targets for signal-directed therapy of colorectal carcinomas.
International Journal of Cancer 02/2009; 125(2):297-307. · 6.20 Impact Factor