ABSTRACT: Six diphenolic compounds containing adamantane moiety were synthesized and evaluated as potent inhibitors on tyrosinase activity and melanin formation in Melan-A cells. The inhibitory activity of 4-adamantyl resorcinol 1 was similar to that of 4-n-butyl resorcinol in both assays. However, dihydroxyl benzamide derivatives 6a-e showed different inhibitory patterns. All derivatives significantly suppressed the cellular melanin formation without tyrosinase inhibitory activities. These behaviors indicated that the introduction of amide bond changes the binding mode of dihydroxyl groups to tyrosinase. Among derivatives, 6d (3,4-dihydroxyl compound) and 6e (2,3-dihydroxyl compound) showed stronger inhibitory activities (IC(50)=1.25 microM and 0.73 microM, respectively) as compared to 4-n-butyl resorcinol (IC(50)=21.64 microM) and hydroquinone (IC(50)=3.97 microM). This study showed that the position of dihydroxyl substituent at aromatic ring is important for the intercellular inhibition of melanin formation, and also amide linkage and adamantane moiety enhance the inhibition.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 02/2009; 19(5):1532-3. · 2.65 Impact Factor