[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The in vitro and in vivo evaluation of the selective, high affinity (human CB1 IC(50) 0.49 nM) inverse agonist CB1R tracer [(11)C]CB-119, a close analog of the previously disclosed [(18)F]MK-9470, was undertaken.
[(11)C]CB-119 was synthesized with high specific activity by alkylation of a phenolic precursor with [(11)C]methyl iodide. In vitro autoradiographic studies using rhesus brain slices were carried out using [(3)H]CB-119, and in vivo imaging studies were carried out using [(11)C]CB-119 in rhesus monkeys under baseline and blocked conditions.
Autoradiographic studies in rhesus brain showed the expected distribution pattern for CB1R with highest binding in the cerebral cortex, cerebellum, caudate/putamen, globus pallidus, substantia nigra, and hippocampus. Lower binding was seen in the posterior hypothalamus, ventral tegmental area, and periventricular gray area, and the lowest binding was in the thalamic nuclei. The binding of [(3)H]CB-119 was fully blocked by the addition of 10 microM CB-119. Rhesus positron emission tomography imaging studies showed very good brain uptake and a distribution pattern consistent with that seen in the autoradiographic studies. The kinetics of tracer uptake was slow. The brain uptake was blocked by pretreatment with taranabant, a CB1R inverse agonist. The specific signal (total/nonspecific) in rhesus putamen at 90 min was approximately 6:1.
[(11)C]CB-119 is a suitable tracer for imaging central CB1 receptors.
Molecular imaging and biology: MIB: the official publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging 02/2009; 11(4):246-52. · 2.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate how specific amino acid residues affect human cannabinoid CB1 receptor binding and activation, CHO cell lines stably expressing wild type and the phenylalanine 200 to alanine mutant of human cannabinoid CB1 receptor (F200A) were examined. AM2233 functions as an agonist at the wild type receptor (EC50=0.93 nM), but behaves as an inverse agonist at F200A (EC50=4.8 nM). The F200A mutant has significantly lower forskolin-stimulated basal cAMP accumulation than that of the wild type, indicating that the F200A mutant possesses higher constitutive activity. F200 doesn't contribute substantially to the high affinity binding of AM2233 at human cannabinoid CB1 receptor. CP55940, HU-210 and Win55212-2 still function as agonists at the F200A mutant, with similar efficacy, potency, and apparent binding affinity for both wild type human cannabinoid CB1 receptor and F200A mutant. These data indicate that the phenylalanine 200 residue in human cannabinoid CB1 receptor is involved in the receptor activation induced by a specific class of agonists, and supports a model of agonist-structure-dependent conformational changes.
European Journal of Pharmacology 03/2006; 531(1-3):41-6. · 2.59 Impact Factor