Publications (2)0 Total impact
Article: The efficacy of an integrated neuromuscular inhibition technique on upper trapezius trigger points in subjects with non-specific neck pain: a randomized controlled trial.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Currently, large levels of practice variability exist regarding the clinical deactivation of trigger points. Manual physical therapy has been identified as a potential means of resolving active trigger points; however, to date the ideal treatment approach has yet to be elucidated. The purpose of this clinical trial was to compare the effects of two manual treatment regimens on individuals with upper trapezius trigger points. Sixty patients, 19-38 years of age with non-specific neck pain and upper trapezius trigger points, were randomized into one of two, 4 week physical therapy programs. One group received muscle energy techniques while the second group received an integrated neuromuscular inhibition technique (INIT) consisting of muscle energy techniques, ischemic compression, and strain-counterstrain (SCS). Outcomes including a visual analog pain scale (VAS), the neck disability index (NDI), and lateral cervical flexion range of motion (ROM) were collected at baseline, 2 and 4 weeks after the initiation of therapy. Results revealed large pre-post-effect sizes within the INIT group (Cohen's d = 0.97, 0.94 and 0.97). Additionally, significantly greater improvements in pain and neck disability and lateral cervical flexion ROM were detected in favor of the INIT group (0.29-0.57, 0.57-1.12 and 0.29-0.57) at a 95% CI respectively. The findings of this study indicate the potential benefit of an integrated approach in deactivating upper trapezius trigger points. Further research should be performed to investigate the long-term benefits of the current treatment approach.The Journal of manual & manipulative therapy 03/2010; 18(1):37-43.
Article: Cyriax physiotherapy versus phonophoresis with supervised exercise in subjects with lateral epicondylalgia: a randomized clinical trial.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cyriax and Cyriax advocated the use of deep transverse friction massage in combination with Mill's manipulation in treating lateral epicondylalgia. Evidence comparing this approach with other physical therapies is lacking. The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of deep transverse friction massage with Mill's manipulation versus phonophoresis with supervised exercise in managing lateral epicondylalgia. Sixty patients age 30-60, presenting with the teno-periosteal variety of lateral epicondylalgia with symptom duration greater than one month, were randomized into two groups. The control group received phonophoresis with diclofenac gel over the area of the lateral epicondyle for 5 minutes combined with supervised exercise. The experimental group received 10 minutes of deep transverse friction massage followed by a single application of Mill's manipulation. Both groups received treatment 3 times per week for 4 weeks. Outcomes of interest included pain via visual analog scale (VAS), pain-free grip strength, and functional status measured with the Tennis Elbow Function Scale. Data were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA. Whereas both groups improved significantly from the initiation of treatment, a between-group comparison revealed significantly greater (p<0.05) improvements regarding pain, pain-free grip, and functional status for the experimental group compared to the control group. The results of this study demonstrate that Cyriax physiotherapy is a superior treatment approach compared to phonophoresis and exercise in managing lateral epicondylalgia.The Journal of manual & manipulative therapy 01/2009; 17(3):171-8.