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ABSTRACT: Rapid and early virological responses to peginterferon-alpha and ribavirin are predictive of sustained virological response (SVR) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We aimed at finding a simple rule to determine the shortest duration of dual therapy for all HCV genotypes, obtained by multiplying time to Initial Viral Response, IVR (first undetectable HCV-RNA) by 4 (Tailored Therapy-4, or TT4).
267 naïve HCV-infected patients with compensated liver disease were randomized (2:1) to the TT4 (n=180) or current standard-of-care (SoC, n=87) and received peginterferon-alpha plus ribavirin. Patients with HCV-RNA decrease ≤2log10 at week 12 or detectable HCV-RNA at week 24 discontinued treatment.
Both groups had comparable baseline characteristics, SVR rates were similar in the whole population (60.6% vs. 60.9%) and within each genotype subgroup (G1: 46.6% vs. 55.6%; G2: 90.2% vs. 94.4%; G3: 74.1% vs. 58.3%; G4: 45.8% vs. 33.3%). Relapse rate was higher in G1-TT4 than G1-SoC. Treatment duration in SVR patients was shorter in TT4 compared to SoC, both overall [25±15 vs. 36±12.1 weeks], and for subgroups: G1 [35.3±16.7 vs. 47.3±2.6 weeks], G2 [18.3±7.5 vs. 24±2.8 weeks], G3 [15.2±8.7 vs. 22.8±3 weeks] and G4 [26.9±13 vs. 48 weeks].
In HCV-naive patients, TT4-rule treatment yields similar SVR rates compared to SoC but with shorter treatment duration and remarkable cost reduction.
Digestive and Liver Disease 11/2013; · 3.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN)-alpha monotherapy is the current standard of care for short-term antiviral treatment of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB). We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of PEG-IFN-alpha plus adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) versus PEG-IFN-alpha monotherapy for compensated HBeAg-negative CHB.
A multicentre randomized controlled trial was performed in eight outpatient hepatology/infectious disease clinics in central Italy. A total of 60 patients (67% male and median age 48 years) with biopsy-proven HBeAg-negative compensated CHB (mean alanine aminotranferase [ALT] levels 3.3 +/-3x the upper normal limit and serum hepatitis B virus [HBV] DNA 5.8 +/-0.9 log(10) IU/ml) were randomized at baseline to receive PEG-IFN-alpha2a 180 microg/week plus ADV 10 mg/day or PEG-IFN-alpha2a monotherapy for 48 weeks. Post-treatment follow-up was for 24 additional weeks. The primary end point was sustained HBV DNA suppression defined as serum HBV DNA<2,000 IU/ml after 24 weeks of post-treatment follow-up. The secondary end point was ALT normalization at the end of follow-up.
At week 48, HBV DNA was undetectable in 20/30 (67%) in the combination group versus 11/30 (37%) patients in the monotherapy group (P=0.02). ALT normalization was achieved in 17/30 (57%) versus 10/30 (30%) patients, respectively (P=0.03). At week 72, sustained virological response was achieved in 7/30 (23.3%) in the combination group versus 6/30 (20%) patients in the monotherapy group (P=0.75); 5 (16%) patients in each group dropped out because of adverse events or non-compliance.
In HBeAg-negative CHB, combination PEG-IFN-alpha2a plus ADV for 48 weeks is safe and resulted in greater on-treatment efficacy than PEG-IFN-alpha2a monotherapy. No difference in sustained virological and biochemical response rates were observed between the two treatment regimens.
Antiviral therapy 01/2009; 14(8):1165-74. · 3.07 Impact Factor
Gastroenterology 04/2008; 134(4). · 12.82 Impact Factor
Journal of Hepatology 04/2007; 46. · 9.86 Impact Factor