Anamaria Vintilescu

Spitalul Universitar de Urgenta Bucuresti, Bucureşti, Hunedoara, Romania

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Publications (8)9.21 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Chronic lymphoproliferative disorders (CLD) are frequently found in patients with hepatitis viral infections, which can lead to changes in pathogenesis. Hepatitis viruses are hepatotrope viruses, potentially lymphotrope and also potentially oncogenic (hepatocellular carcinoma) viruses. HBV and HCV are involved in autoimmune disorders and in the ethiopathogeny of chronic lymphoproliferative disorders. Detection of immunophenotype changes of malignant lymphocytes in CLD--especially CLL--associated with hepatitis viral infections. Bone marrow aspirate, peripheral blood samples on EDTA were available for analysis from 58 patients from a follow-up schedule of the Department of Hematology SUUB from March 2008 until June 2009. The patients were diagnosed with chronic lymphoproliferative disorders associated with hepatitis virus B/C/D infections. A group of 28 consecutive unselected patients with CLL who met the diagnostic criteria of the National Cancer Institute-Working Group (NCI NCIWG), and associated hepatitis viral infection (v-CLL) were studied for the expression of several immunophenotypical markers, in comparison to CLL patients without viral infection (control group). Immunophenotyping analysis was performed on a FACS Calibur flowcytometer with a large panel according to EGIL/WHO recommendations. The diagnosis was completed after the histological and immunochemical analysis from tumoral lesions. Demographics characteristics--male/female ratio 1/2, average age 64 years. Disease type: 90% B-CLD, 5% T-CLD, 5% Hodgkin's disease. The viral infections: 58.53% HCV, 34.41% HBV, 2.43% HBV+HDV, 2.43% HCV+HDV, 2.43% HBV+HCV+HDV. We found in CLL with viral coinfection (v-CLL) cases an elevated expression of B-cell markers--CD19 (Md95/92), CD20 (Md 90/39), CD79b (Md58/31), CD23 (Md67/37). Poor prognosis markers have a higher expression in v-CLL: CD38 (Md49/24), Bcl2 (Md 46/5), cyclin D19 (Md 11/0.5). No change in ZAP-70 expression was observed: Md 59.5/59.1. Hepatitis viruses could be involved in the pathogenesis of CLD, but as a trigger for a more aggressive outcome. Higher expression of B-cell markers CD19, CD20 in CLL with viral infection suggests a change to atypical CLL, sustained by elevated expression of known poor prognosis markers bcl-2, cyclin D1 and CD38. Lack of ZAP-70 expression could be explained by a strong correlation with a basic unmutated IgVH status, not related to the viral infection. We found a higher frequency of HCV infection in patients with CLD and especially in CLL patients, which were analyzed extensively for immunophenotypical changes. In the present study, we demonstrated that this CD5+ B cell population with clonal expansion, defining CLL patients, has a different immunophenotype, probably related to the hepatitis viral infection.
    Journal of medicine and life 08/2011; 4(3):256-63.
  • Leukemia Research 05/2011; 35. DOI:10.1016/S0145-2126(11)70358-7 · 2.69 Impact Factor
  • Leukemia Research 05/2011; 35. DOI:10.1016/S0145-2126(11)70367-8 · 2.69 Impact Factor
  • Leukemia Research 05/2011; 35. DOI:10.1016/S0145-2126(11)70379-4 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reactivation of hepatitis B virus is a complication of chronic or HBV infection in patients with malignancies, especially hematological disorders, under cytotoxic or immunosuppressive therapy. The immunosuppression favors HBV replication with the massive infection of hepatocytes. Once immunity is restored when chemotherapy therapy is discontinued, a rapid, immune-mediated destruction of the infected hepatocytes ensues, clinically manifested as hepatitis, liver failure or even death. We report a case of HBV reactivation in a patient with B cells non-Hodgkin lymphoma, with HBsAg negative and protective titre of anti-HBs, after 5 months of combined chemotherapy. Currently, there are no data to support routine pre-emptive anti-HBV therapy in patients with negative HBsAg and undetectable viremia before the initiation of chemotherapy. The case presented in this paper is included in the group of patients that is studied in LIMFOVIR Grant (convention no 41012/2007). This research grant is funded by the National Center of Programs Management, program 4 – Partnerships in Priority Fields. The grant is coordinated by the National Institute of Infectious Diseases Prof. Dr. Matei Bals, Bucharest. The grant team include also the Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Hematology Department, the “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, the “Victor Babeş” National Institute of Research and Development, the Institute of Electrotechnical Research, Bucharest and the Polytechnic University, Bucharest. The manager of the grant is Associated Professor dr. Victoria Aramă.
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    ABSTRACT: Reactivation of hepatitis B virus is a complication of chronic or HBV infection in patients with malignancies, especially hematological disorders, under cytotoxic or immunosuppressive therapy. The immunosuppression favors HBV replication with the massive infection of hepatocytes. Once immunity is restored when chemotherapy therapy is discontinued, a rapid, immune-mediated destruction of the infected hepatocytes ensues, clinically manifested as hepatitis, liver failure or even death. We report a case of HBV reactivation in a patient with B cells non-Hodgkin lymphoma, with HBsAg negative and protective titre of anti-HBs, after 5 months of combined chemotherapy. Currently, there are no data to support routine pre-emptive anti-HBV therapy in patients with negative HBsAg and undetectable viremia before the initiation of chemotherapy. The case presented in this paper is included in the group of patients that is studied in LIMFOVIR Grant (convention no 41012/2007). This research grant is funded by the National Center of Programs Management, program 4 - Partnerships in Priority Fields. The grant is coordinated by the National Institute of Infectious Diseases Prof. Dr. Matei Bals, Bucharest. The grant team include also the Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Hematology Department, the "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, the "Victor Babeş" National Institute of Research and Development, the Institute of Electrotechnical Research, Bucharest and the Polytechnic University, Bucharest. The manager of the grant is Associated Professor dr. Victoria Aramă.
    Romanian journal of internal medicine = Revue roumaine de médecine interne 01/2011; 49(1):67-73.
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    ABSTRACT: The present study proposes to asses the prognosis with consecrated markers CD38 and the new ZAP-70 related to the various patterns of CLL complex immunophenotype: cyclin D1, CD38, CD20, FMC7, CD23. This particular combination could be used as a prognosis panel in CLL.Background: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has many other prognostic markers established in the past years related to disease and to the patient status, and the most important seem to now be immunophenotypical, genetic, and molecular. CD38 and ZAP-70 are now used in a strong prognosis panel of markers for CLL. Aims: The present study proposes to assess the prognosis with consecrated markers CD38 and the new ZAP-70 related to the various patterns of CLL immunophenotype. Patients and Methods: We have analyzed 187 patients diagnosed with CLL in order to find correlations between clinical stage, immunophenotype, and outcome. Results: We found correlations between expression of CD38 related to clinical outcome, (dr: 0.541; P < .05.), and between ZAP-70 and CD38 (dr: 0.666; P = .018). The expression of BCL-2 was correlated to outcome (dr: 0.533; P < .01) and response to treatment (dr: 0.420; P < .01). Cyclin D1 expression was found in correlation with outcome (P = .014) and BCL-2 expression (P = .034). Lower expression CD23 was associated with poor outcome and expression of CD38 and ZAP-70 (P value < .05; dr: -0.117). We found in patients with cyclin D1 positive comparative to those cyclin D1 negative the association of high intensity CD20+ (28% vs. 3%), FMC7+ (33% vs. 8%), and lower CD23 (30%-60% vs. > 60%). Also, CD38 was positive in 44% vs. 10% and ZAP-70 in 66% versus 5%. This association defines a "lymphoma"-like immunophenotype for cyclin D1-positive cases. Treatment was chlorambucil, fludarabine/cyclophosphamide (FC), or FC + rituximab (FCR). Conclusion: Flow cytometry is the most practical method used in CLL for diagnosis and prognosis evaluation. The immunophenotypical markers surrogate for IgVH mutation status, as CD38 and ZAP-70 have a strong correlation with outcome in CLL, and our results found that analysis by flow cytometry of both CD38 and ZAP-70 could be used in the evaluation of patients with CLL as strong prognosis markers. The complex immunophenotype in CLL could be used to define 2 main prognosis patterns: (1) cyclin D1-positive, CD38 positive, CD20 high, FMC7 positive, CD23 weak with poor prognosis; and (2) cyclin D1-negative, CD38 negative, CD20 low, FMC7 negative, CD23 high with good prognosis. These patterns have strong association with expression of ZAP-70 and could be used as prognosis assessment of patients with CLL.
    Clinical Lymphoma & Myeloma 12/2009; 9(6):E37. DOI:10.3816/CLM.2009.n.099 · 1.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present the case of a 65 years old male, admitted in the Hematology Department of the Universitary Emergency Hospital Bucharest, complaining of physical asthenia and weight loss; periodical medical examination has revealed splenomegaly and leucocytosis with lymphocytosis, persistent for the past 3 years. The clinical and paraclinical exam demonstrated splenomegaly (21 cm in diameter on computer tomography scan), hepatomegaly and generalized lymphadenopathies. The laboratory tests confirmed leucocytosis with lymphocytosis--a clonal population of B lymphocytes CD20+ CD19+ CD23+/- CD79b+(low), CD43+ FMC7+ CD5+ CD38+ ZAP70+ cyclin D1-. Lymph node and bone marrow biopsy together with flowcytometry established the diagnosis of Malignant non-Hodgkin Lymphoma--Atypical Splenic Marginal Zone B-cell lymphoma (aberrant expression of CD5) stage IVB, with leukemic picture, complicated with autoimmune hemolytic anemia with highly positive Coombs' tests. We performed therapeutic splenectomy, which was difficult because of the dimensions of the organ. The short term evolution was complicated by acute complete thrombosis of the splenic vein, but the long term evolution (1 year follow-up) was favorable--remission of anemia, significant improvement of performance status, decrease of leucocytosis and reduction of the tumoral mass.
    Romanian journal of internal medicine = Revue roumaine de médecine interne 01/2009; 47(2):191-9.

Publication Stats

2 Citations
9.21 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011
    • Spitalul Universitar de Urgenta Bucuresti
      Bucureşti, Hunedoara, Romania
  • 2009
    • Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy
      Bucureşti, Bucureşti, Romania