ABSTRACT: The application of cord blood (CB)-derived hematopoietic cells in allogeneic transplantation has been restricted because of the unavailability of adequate cell numbers from one unit of CB and their delayed engraftment in recipients. The main purpose of this study was to develop an economic process for isolating nucleated cells from CB and expanding enriched CD133(+) cells.
Four protocols for processing CB, using different combinations of density-gradient centrifugation, hydroxyethyl starch (HES) and NH4Cl treatment, were compared regarding the yields of CD45(+), CD34(+)/CD133(+) and colony-forming cells. CD133-enriched cells were expanded for 10 days in the presence of hematopoietic growth factor-supplemented medium. The performance of the culture was evaluated by analyzing colony-forming potential, fold-expansion of primitive hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) and lineage commitment by flow cytometry.
A two-step treatment of CB with HES followed by NH4Cl resulted in the highest recovery of CD45(+) (84.3%) and CD34(+) (69.1%) cells compared with that present in umbilical CB. A suspension culture of CD133-enriched cells resulted in an average 150-fold increase in nucleated cells, of which CD133(+), CD34(+) and CD34(+) CD38 cell expansions were 17.2+/-1.3, 40+/-4.6, and 6.9+/-1.1 fold, respectively. The total myeloid colony-forming cell count was almost 3800-fold higher than that present in the processed CB.
The highest yields of nucleated and progenitor stem cells were obtained with a two-step processing of CB. The CD133(+) cells obtained by this method are expected to yield enough hematopoietic progenitors for potential allogeneic transplantation.
Cytotherapy 01/2009; 11(6):768-77. · 3.63 Impact Factor