T Shibasaki

Gunma University, Maebashi, Gunma Prefecture, Japan

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Publications (34)52.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A 22-year-old man presented with tenderness and swelling of the left lateral part of the orbit. Computed tomography revealed a left intraorbital mass measuring 3 cm x 3 cm involving the left lateral wall of the orbit and the greater wing of the left sphenoid bone. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed that the intraorbital mass was extraneuroaxial. During surgery, the tumor was seen to arise from the lateral wall of the orbit and infiltrate into the left temporal muscle. Following the surgery, the patient was administered radiation therapy for the whole cranium and chemotherapy for the residual tumors. However, the tumor recurred, and the patient died about 2 years following the first surgery because the tumor had metastasized to the lung. On light microscopy, the tumor cells were closely packed with uniform, small, and round cells. Immunohistochemical studies showed that the tumor cell membrane stained positive for MIC2. Furthermore, the MIB-1 labeling index was 36.2%. On electron microscopy, small quantities of cytoplasm containing glycogen accumulations without neurosecretory granules and neurofilaments were observed. Based on these results, the tumor was diagnosed to be primary Ewing's sarcoma. Primary orbital Ewing's sarcoma of the skull has been considered to be extremely rare, and a review of the literature was performed.
    Brain Tumor Pathology 01/2009; 26(2):95-100. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have developed 18F-labeled alpha-methyl tyrosine (FMT) for PET imaging. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical application potential of FMT for patients with brain tumors. Eleven healthy volunteers and 20 patients with brain tumors were injected with 185 MBq (5 mCi) FMT. In 3 healthy volunteers, whole-body imaging and urinary and plasma analysis were conducted for the assessment of the biodistribution of FMT. The normal range of cortical standardized uptake value (SUV) as a reference for comparing tumor SUV of FMT was estimated by using PET data obtained at 30 min postinjection in 8 healthy volunteers. Dynamic PET scans were conducted for 100 min in 4 healthy volunteers and for 30 min in 15 patients with brain tumors. The 10-min static images in another 4 volunteers and all patients were obtained at 30 min postinjection. In 13 patients, FMT uptake in the brain tumor was compared with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). Tumor-to-normal cortex count (T/N) ratio and tumor-to-white matter count (T/W) ratio and SUVs of brain tumors were determined on FMT and FDG PET images. Approximately 1480 MBq (40 mCi) FMT were produced in one radiosynthesis. Percentage injected dose (%ID) of FMT in the brain ranged from 2.8% to 4.9%, and approximately 50%ID of FMT was excreted in urine during 60 min postinjection, of which 86.6% was unmetabolized FMT. A faint physiological brain uptake with SUV of 1.61 +/- 0.32 (mean +/- SD, n = 8) was observed in healthy volunteers. Tumor SUV of FMT ranged from 1.2 to 8.2, with mean value of 2.83 +/- 1.57 (n = 23), which was significantly higher than that of the cortical area in healthy volunteers (P < 0.01). T/N and T/W ratios of FMT were significantly higher than those of FDG (2.53 +/- 1.31 versus 1.32 +/- 1.46, P < 0.001; 3.99 +/- 2.10 versus 1.39 +/- 0.65, P < 0.0001, respectively). FMT, like other radiolabeled amino acids, can provide high-contrast PET images of brain tumors.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 03/1999; 40(3):399-405. · 5.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The histological diagnosis and proliferative potential measured by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labelling index (LI) were correlated with preoperative CT and contrast-enhanced, MRI, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) and 201T1 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in 43 patients with various grades of glioma. 201T1 SPECT had slightly higher sensitivity to tumours with BrdU LI > or = 5% (showing 10/10) than 18F-FDG PET (7/8 tumours). 18F-FDG PET was better for identifying tumours of BrdU LI < 1% (13/15) than 201T1 SPECT (13/22). Accumulation of 201T1 in the tumour was slightly different from contrast enhancement on CT and/or MRI, and gave "false-positive" results in some low-grade gliomas. However, 201T1 SPECT, which is available in many hospitals and may cost less, provided useful information to supplement that from CT and MRI.
    Neuroradiology 04/1998; 40(4):210-5. · 2.70 Impact Factor
  • T Hirano, H Otake, T Shibasaki, M Tamura
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    ABSTRACT: Tc-99m (V) DMSA clearly demonstrated several cranial meningiomas, bilateral acoustic neurinomas and multiple subcutaneous neurofibromas in a patient of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF-2). The present paper describes accumulation of Tc-99m (V) DMSA in cranial schwannomas and meningiomas as well as multiple peripheral neurofibromas.
    Clinical Nuclear Medicine 01/1998; 22(12):847-9. · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to compare imaging ability between pentavalent 99mTc-DMSA and 201TlCl in primary and metastatic brain tumors and to evaluate the relationship between retention and histologic malignancy. Patients with a brain tumor were selected by MRI and/or CT. Dynamic, early and delayed static SPECT images of the brain were obtained immediately, 30 min and 3 hr after intravenous administration of approximately 555 MBq 99mTc(V)-DMSA and 111 MBq 201Tl-Cl, respectively. Both studies were performed on separate days within a week. Uptake ratios, retention ratio and retention index were calculated and compared with tumor histology and malignancy grade. One-hundred six studies were performed on 100 patients and 118 lesions were demonstrated: 16 glioblastomas, 13 anaplastic astrocytomas (Grade III), 19 astrocytomas (Grade II), 29 meningiomas, 11 schwannomas and 14 metastases. Approximately 93% and 88%, respectively, of primary and metastatic brain tumors were demonstrated by 99mTc(V)-DMSA and 201TlCl. The early uptake ratios were closely related to the tumor vascularity, but had no statistically significant difference in the tumor histology or histologic malignancy on either radiopharmaceuticals. The delayed uptake ratio, retention ratio and retention index were higher in malignant tumors than benign ones on 99mTc(V)-DMSA, however, there was no statistically significant difference between benign and malignant tumors on 201TlCl. Technetium-99m(V)-DMSA washout from the tumor was highly dependent upon its histology and histologic malignancy. The delayed uptake ratio, retention ratio and retention index significantly reflected tumor histology and clearly distinguished between benign and malignant tumors with a statistically significant difference. There was no statistically significant difference in 201TlCl uptake or washout among the brain tumors. Technetium-99m-DMSA is superior to 201TlCl in imaging quality, sensitivity to brain tumors and specificity for differentiating benign tumors from malignant ones. These results could suggest the clinical utility of 99mTc(V)-DMSA in imaging primary and metastatic brain tumors and differentiating their histological malignancy grade noninvasively.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 12/1997; 38(11):1741-9. · 5.77 Impact Factor
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    T Hirano, H Otake, T Shibasaki, M Tamura, K Endo
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    ABSTRACT: This study assessed pentavalent 99mTc-DMSA uptake in primary brain tumors and evaluated the relationship between retention and histologic malignancy. SPECT images of the brain were obtained at 30 min and 3 hr after intravenous administration of approximately 555 MBq 99mTc(V)-DMSA in patients with brain tumors. Sixty studies were performed in 57 patients and 63 lesions were demonstrated: 11 glioblastomas, 13 anaplastic astrocytomas (Grade 3), 11 astrocytomas (Grade 2), 18 meningiomas and 10 schwannomas. Uptake ratios, retention ratio and retention index were calculated and compared with tumor histology and malignancy grade. Approximately 95% of both benign and malignant primary brain tumors were demonstrated by 99mTc(V)-DMSA SPECT images. False negative was noted in three cases. The early uptake ratios were closely related to the tumor vascularity but had no statistically significant difference in the tumor histology or histologic malignancy. The delayed uptake ratio, retention ratio and retention index were higher in the malignant tumors than the benign tumors. Technetium-99m(V)-DMSA washout from the tumor was highly dependent upon its histology and histologic malignancy. The delayed uptake ratio considerably reflected tumor histology and differentiated benign tumors from malignant tumors. The retention ratio and retention index significantly reflected tumor histology and histologic grade of primary brain tumors and clearly distinguished between benign and malignant tumors with statistically significant difference (p < 0.05). These results could suggest the clinical utility of 99mTc(V)-DMSA in imaging primary brain tumors and differentiating their histological malignancy grade noninvasively.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 02/1997; 38(1):20-6. · 5.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Stereotactic posteroventral pallidotomy was carried out in 13 cases with rigid-akinesia-type Parkinson's disease with the aid of depth microrecording. The outcome of the pallidotomy was classified into four groups: excellent (6 cases), good (3 cases), moderate (3 cases) and fair (1 case). Electrophysiological study during the operation showed continuous high-frequency and high-amplitude spike discharges in the globus pallidus (GPi) in the excellent-response group. Before the operation, a PET study had revealed low regional cerebral glucose metabolism in the prefrontal area in all the patients. Unilateral sequential opposite finger movement induced less increase of regional cerebral blood flow both in the supplementary and primary motor area in the less effective-response groups. The indications of pallidotomy for the treatment of rigid-akinesia-type Parkinson's disease are discussed.
    Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery 02/1997; 69(1-4 Pt 2):86-92. · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    Tsuneo Hirano, Hidenori Otake, Takashi Shibasaki
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    ABSTRACT: This study assessed pentavalent {sup 99m}Tc-DMSA uptake in primary brain tumors and evaluated the relationship between retention and histologic malignancy. SPECT images of the brain were obtained at 30 min and 3 hr after intravenous administration of approximately 555 MBq {sup 99m}Tc(V)-DMSA in patients with brain tumors. Sixty studies were performed in 57 patients and 63 lesions were demonstrated: 11 glioblastomas, 13 anaplastic astrocytomas (Grade 3), 11 astrocytomas (Grade 2), 18 meningiomas and 10 schwannomas. Uptake ratios, retention ratio and retention index were calculated and compared with tumor histology and malignancy grade. Approximately 95% of both benign and malignant primary brain tumors were demonstrated by {sup 99m}Tc(V)-DMSA SPECT images. False negative was noted in three cases. The early uptake ratios were closely related to the tumor vascularity but had no statistically significant difference in the tumor vascularity but had no statistically significant difference in the tumor histology or histologic malignancy. 16 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine - J NUCL MED. 01/1997; 38(1):20-26.
  • Clinical Nuclear Medicine - CLIN NUCL MED. 01/1997; 22(12):847-849.
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    ABSTRACT: SPECT with 201TI is an effective procedure for evaluating the malignancy of glioma. Our goal was to investigate the diagnostic relevance of both 201TI SPECT and [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET and the relation between 201TI uptake and glucose metabolism in glioma using comparative SPECT and PET studies. Thallium-201 SPECT and FDG dynamic PET studies were performed in 20 patients with untreated glioma (5 with glioblastoma, 5 with anaplastic glioma, 10 with low-grade glioma). Thallium-201 uptake in the tumor was estimated using the 201TI index, defined as the ratio of 201TI uptake in the tumor to that in the contralateral normal brain on SPECT images obtained 15 min after intravenous injection. We measured regional glucose metabolic parameters, including rate constants and regional cerebral metabolic rate of glucose utilization (rCMRgl), in the tumor. We then compared the regional 201TI index and glucose metabolic parameters with the histologic characteristics, malignancy and computed tomographic/ magnetic resonance imaging findings. In addition, we investigated the correlation between the 201TI index and glucose metabolic parameters. Thallium-201 SPECT showed abnormal 201TI uptake in all patients with glioblastoma and anaplastic glioma. Thallium-201 indices of glioblastoma (202.6 +/- 22.1%) and anaplastic glioma (176.6% +/- 26.6%) were significantly higher than that for low-grade glioma (106.7% +/- 13.8%). The rCMRgl value of glioblastoma (17.6 +/- 3.5 mumole/100 g/min) was also significantly higher than that for low-grade glioma (10.8 +/- 4.5 mumole/100 g/min), although rCMRgl showed a large variability in both high- and low-grade glioma. Rate constants of FDG kinetics had no correlation with histological grade of glioma. Some patients with high-grade glioma, however, showed false-negative results with FDG-PET because of high normal brain uptake of FDG. Conversely, most low-grade glioma could not be localized by 201TI SPECT. There was no correlation between the 201TI index and glucose metabolic parameters. Thallium-201 indices and rCMRgl values for glioblastoma were higher than those for low-grade glioma. Thallium-201 uptake in the tumor may be independent of increased glucose transport or metabolism. Thallium-201 SPECT and FDG-PET are complementary in the diagnosis of glioma, although 201TI SPECT is more significantly correlated with the malignancy of glioma.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 04/1996; 37(3):457-62. · 5.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PET imaging studies with 4-[18F]fluoro-L-m-tyrosine (FMT) in normal macaca monkeys showed selective accumulations of radioactivity in the striatum with time. In monkeys rendered hemiparkinsonian by intracarotid infusion of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), FMT uptake was eliminated in the lesioned striatum. FMT-PET studies were able to detect dopaminergic terminals in both normal and hemiparkinsonian monkeys, and clearly showed a reduction in aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AAAD) activities in the MPTP-lesioned striatum. These results show that FMT is promising as a PET tracer for the evaluation of central dopaminergic systems in parkinsonism.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 09/1995; 9(3):119-23. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Three pediatric cases of temporal lobe seizure due to calcified glioma of amygdalo-hippocampal region are described. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed dense calcification with no postcontrast enhancement in the amygdalo-hippocampal region. Positron emission tomography showed low oxygen metabolism, low glucose metabolism, hypermetabolism of amino acids, and low regional cerebral blood flow in the tumors. Single photon emission computed tomography showed a high accumulation of 201Tl chloride and 123I-isopropyl iodoamphetamine in one tumor, but otherwise low radioisotope uptake. These studies indicated low-grade malignancies. The patients were treated by partial tumor removal and radiotherapy. Histological examination of the tumor specimens showed astrocytoma with interstitial calcification. One patient died due to tumor recurrence, while the others are doing well with minimal seizure. We recommended temporal lobectomy in similar cases to achieve complete remission.
    Child s Nervous System 04/1995; 11(3):141-4. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eight patients with small gliomas (6 low-grade and 2 high-grade) localized in a single gyrus or less than 2 cm diameter were investigated using positron emission tomography and single photon emission computed tomography. All three tumors examined demonstrated hypermetabolism of amino acids. High-grade gliomas demonstrated hypermetabolism of glucose and high blood flow, but normal or low oxygen metabolism. High-grade gliomas also showed accumulation of 201Tl chloride and high or low accumulation of 123I-isopropyl iodoamphetamine. These indications allow preoperative diagnosis of the malignancy of small gliomas, which is important because small gliomas with high-grade malignancy need more extensive removal and adjuvant therapy.
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica 03/1994; 34(2):91-4. · 0.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 4-[18F]Fluoro-L-m-tyrosine (FMT) is an L-Dopa analog that essentially follows the L-Dopa metabolic pathway, but without 3-O-methylation or extensive peripheral metabolism. As such, FMT may serve as a useful probe of striatal dopaminergic function with positron emission tomography (PET). FMT was synthesized, as previously described by Perlmutter et al. [Appl Radiat Isot 1990;41:801-807]. Scanning was undertaken with the SHR2000 positron tomograph (image spatial resolution, 3.5 x 4.5 x 6.5 mm). Two Macaca monkeys were anesthetized with ketamine (10 mg/kg) and pentobarbital (20 mg/kg). FMT was administered intravenously (5-6 mCi; specific activity 1-2 Ci/mmol) following carbidopa pretreatment (5 mg/kg i.v., 60 min before FMT administration). Dynamic image acquisition was done for 2 h immediately after tracer injection. This emission acquisition involved twelve 2-min frames followed by nine 4-min frames, and six 10-min images. Arterial blood samples were collected according to a schedule for assay of plasma [18F] radioactivity. Specific uptake of FMT in aromatic L-amino-acid-decarboxylase-rich areas of the monkey striatum was observed with PET imaging. The striatum-to-cerebellum ratio of the accumulation increased over time to 3.0 at 2 h. These results show the promise of FMT as a PET tracer in evaluating the CNS dopaminergic system.
    Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery 02/1994; 62(1-4):191-6. · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 13 patients with central (thalamic) pain after stroke, CT, MRI, PET scan and intraoperative thalamic microrecordings were performed. Electrophysiological studies showed that irregular burst discharges were often encountered in the posterolateral thalamus. The more often the irregular burst discharges were encountered, the greater the decrease of sensory response in the posterolateral thalamus. Metabolic studies showed that regional cerebral glucose metabolism decreased in both the posterolateral thalamus and in the cortical postcentral area on the lesioned side in all cases. In the thalamic lesion cases in which many irregular burst discharges were found in the posterolateral thalamus, regional cerebral glucose metabolism and the relative value of glucose to oxygen metabolism increased in the cortical precentral area on the lesioned side. It was suggested that decreased activity with abnormal burst discharge in the posterolateral (sensory) thalamus associated with changes in cortical activity adjacent to the central sulcus might be related to the genesis of central (thalamic) pain. It is emphasized that cortical activity decreased in the postcentral area, but often increased in the precentral area.
    Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery 02/1994; 62(1-4):300-3. · 1.46 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Nuclear Medicine 07/1993; 18(6):516-7. · 2.96 Impact Factor
  • L B Tamas, T Shibasaki, S Horikoshi, C Ohye
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    ABSTRACT: We report the pattern of metabolic activation of the brain associated with speech, using 15O positron emission tomography (PET) in normal volunteers, as well as patients with or without language deficit. 15 trials were performed on 13 subjects. Regional oxygen metabolism with the subjects at rest was compared to that during a speech-from-memory task. As expected, there was strong activation of Broca's area and the medial left temporal lobe, corresponding to the motor speech and memory aspects of the task. In addition, both cerebellar hemispheres and pre-motor areas, as well as the right frontal operculum, supplementary motor area and right parietal lobe were active. This technique provided insight into the mechanism of aphasia in two subjects, even in one whose traditional language areas were structurally and metabolically intact at rest. We conclude that this practical activation technique may be useful not only in studying the physiology of normal brain, but also in understanding functional responses to disease.
    International Journal of Psychophysiology 06/1993; 14(3):199-208. · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In nine patients with central (thalamic) pain after stroke, X-CT, MRI, PET scan and intraoperative thalamic microrecordings were performed. The PET studies made use of Sokoloff's method with 18FDG and a steady-state method with C15O2-15O2. CT scan and MRI revealed definite thalamic damage (Th) in 3 cases, putaminal damage (Put) in 3 cases, combined damage (Th + Put) in one case, and cortical (parietal) damage in 2 cases. In patients with a subcortical lesion, the greater the severity of superficial pain, the higher was the relative value of regional cerebral glucose metabolism (rCMRGlu) as compared to oxygen metabolism (rCMRO2) in the cerebral cortex around the central sulcus on the damaged side. Also, in a case with combined (Th + Put) lesion, regional oxygen extraction ratio (rOEF) was increased in this area. Moreover, in another case, central pain disappeared after a small subcortical haemorrhage in the same structure. In all patients including those with a cortical lesion, rCMRGlu was decreased in the postero-lateral (sensory) thalamus on the invalued side. The possible role of the cerebral cortex around the central sulcus for the genesis of central pain is discussed.
    Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement 02/1993; 58:141-4.
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    ABSTRACT: A case of anaplastic astrocytoma following radiotherapy for growth hormone secreting pituitary adenoma is presented with a review of the literature. A 43 year old female was admitted with the signs of acromegaly and hypertension. An eosinophilic pituitary adenoma was subtotally removed by transsphenoidal approach, and followed by 60 Gy irradiation using a 2 x 2 cm lateral opposed field. Fourteen years later at the age of 57, she suffered from headache, recent-memory disturbance and uncinate fits. CT scan and MRI disclosed ring-like enhanced mass lesion in the left temporal lobe, corresponding to the previous irradiated field. 18F-FDG PET showed hypermetabolism at the lesion. Left frontotemporal craniotomy was performed, and a reddish gray gelatinous tumor containing necrotic center and cyst was partially removed. Histologically, the tumor consisted of hypercellular astrocytic cells with perivascular pseudorosette. Coagulation necrosis at the center of the tumor, and hyalinosis and fibrosis of the blood vessels in and around the tumor, which might have been caused by the antecedent radiotherapy, were recognized. Postoperative radio- and chemotherapy were given, however, she expired 13 months after the operation. Seven cases, including ours, of malignant glioma following radiotherapy for pituitary adenoma were reported in the literature. A total dose of irradiation varies from 45 to 95 Gy with a mean of 50 Gy. The period of latency before tumor occurrence ranges from 5 to 22 years with a mean of 10 years. The differentiation of radiation-induced gliomas from radionecrosis of the brain is also discussed.
    No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery 05/1992; 20(4):493-7. · 0.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 15 patients with central pain (thalamic pain) after stroke, CT, PET scan and intraoperative thalamic microrecordings were performed. The results are considered together to evaluate a possible role of thalamic intralaminar nuclei in the genesis of central pain, especially of superficial pain. In the non-thalamic lesion group (deep pain dominant), thalamic background neural activity (BNA) was relatively high in Vim but low in CL. Conversely, in the thalamic lesion group (superficial pain dominant), thalamic BNA was higher in CL than in Vim, and markedly decreased in VC. In this group, regional cerebral oxygen consumption (rCMRO2) was relatively maintained, and regional oxygen extraction ratio (raOEF) and the relative value of regional cerebral glucose utilization (CMRGL), compared to rCMRO2, was increased in the cerebral cortex around the central sulcus. The genesis of superficial pain is discussed.
    Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement 02/1991; 52:133-6.