Nicole M Pohl

Xinxiang University, Sinsiang-hsien, Henan Sheng, China

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Publications (6)29.17 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A single-nucleotide polymorphism (rs2274223: A5780G:His1927Arg) in the phospholipase C epsilon gene (PLCε) was recently identified as a susceptibility locus for esophageal cancer in Chinese subjects. To determine the underlying mechanisms of PLCε and this SNP in esophageal carcinogenesis, we analyzed PLCε genotypes, expression, and their correlation in esophageal cancer cell lines, non-transformed esophageal cells, 58 esophageal squamous cell carcinomas and 10,614 non-cancer subjects from China. We found that the G allele (AG or GG) was associated with increased PLCε mRNA and protein expression in esophageal cancer tissues and in esophageal cancer cell lines. G allele was also associated with higher enzyme activity, which might be associated with increased protein expression. Quantitative analysis of the C2 domain sequences revealed that A:G allelic imbalance was strongly linked to esophageal malignancy. Moreover, the analysis of 10,614 non-cancer subjects demonstrated that the G allele was strongly associated with moderate to severe esophagitis in the subjects from the high-incidence areas of China (OR 6.03, 95% CI 1.59-22.9 in high-incidence area vs. OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.33-1.64 in low-incidence area; P = 0.008). In conclusion, the PLCε gene, particularly the 5780G allele, might play a pivotal role in esophageal carcinogenesis via upregulating PLCε mRNA, protein, and enzyme activity, and augmenting inflammatory process in esophageal epithelium. Thus, 5780G allele may constitute a promising biomarker for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma risk stratification, early detection, and progression prediction. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Molecular Carcinogenesis 02/2013; · 4.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Both selenium and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) sulindac are effective in cancer prevention, but their effects are affected by several factors including epigenetic alterations and gene expression. The current study was designed to determine the effects of the combination of selenium and sulindac on tumor inhibition and the underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: We fed the intestinal tumor model Apc/p21 mice with selenium- and sulindac-supplemented diet for 24 weeks, and found that the combination of selenium and sulindac significantly inhibited intestinal tumorigenesis, in terms of reducing tumor incidence by 52% and tumor multiplicities by 80% (p<0.01). Mechanistic studies revealed that the combination of selenium and sulindac led to the significant induction of the expression of p27 and p53 and JNK1 phosphorylation, and led to the suppression of beta-catenin and its downstream targets. Impressively, the data also showed that demythelation on p21 promoter was associated with tumor inhibition by the combination of selenium and sulindac. CONCLUSIONS: The selenium is synergistic with sulindac to exert maximal effects on tumor inhibition. This finding provides an important chemopreventive strategy using combination of anti-cancer agents, which has a great impact on cancer prevention and has a promising translational potential.
    Journal of Hematology & Oncology 01/2013; 6(1):8. · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown that decorin expression is significantly reduced in colorectal cancer tissues and cancer cells, and genetic deletion of the decorin gene is sufficient to cause intestinal tumor formation in mice, resulting from a downregulation of p21, p27(kip1) and E-cadherin and an upregulation of β-catenin signaling [Bi,X. et al. (2008) Genetic deficiency of decorin causes intestinal tumor formation through disruption of intestinal cell maturation. Carcinogenesis, 29, 1435-1440]. However, the regulation of E-cadherin by decorin and its implication in cancer formation and metastasis is largely unknown. Using a decorin knockout mouse model (Dcn(-/-) mice) and manipulated expression of decorin in human colorectal cancer cells, we found that E-cadherin, a protein that regulates cell-cell adhesion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and metastasis, was almost completely lost in Dcn(-/-) mouse intestine, and loss of decorin and E-cadherin accelerated colon cancer cell growth and invasion in Dcn(-/-) mice. However, increasing decorin expression in colorectal cancer cells attenuated cancer cell malignancy, including inhibition of cancer cell proliferation, promotion of apoptosis and importantly, attenuation of cancer cell migration. All these changes were linked to the regulation of E-cadherin by decorin. Moreover, overexpression of decorin upregulated E-cadherin through increasing of E-cadherin protein stability as E-cadherin messenger RNA and promoter activity were not affected. Co-immunoprecipitation assay showed a physical binding between decorin and E-cadherin proteins. Taken together, our results provide direct evidence that decorin-mediated inhibition of colorectal cancer growth and migration are through the interaction with and stabilization of E-cadherin.
    Carcinogenesis 12/2011; 33(2):326-30. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    Xiuli Bi, Nicole M Pohl, Zhinan Yin, Wancai Yang
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    ABSTRACT: A recent study has shown that c-Jun NH2-terminal kinases (JNKs) 2 interacts with and inhibits β-catenin signaling in vitro. To determine the role of genetic interaction between JNK2 and β-catenin in vivo and to elucidate JNK2-mediated intestinal carcinogenesis, we crossed the JNK2-/- mice with Apc1638+/- mice that carry inactivated Apc allele and develop intestinal tumor due to β-catenin activation. We found that the introduction of mutant JNK2 into Apc1638+/- mice did not increase intestinal tumorigenesis when the mice were fed a defined AIN-76A control diet. However, loss of JNK2 significantly increased animal body weight in the Apc/JNK2+/- and Apc/JNK2-/- mice. Surprisingly, JNK2 loss was synergistic with a Western-style high-risk diet (high fat and phosphate and low calcium and vitamin D) to accelerate intestinal tumorigenesis. Tumor number increased to 3.56 from 1.89 (on AIN-76A diet) in the Apc/JNK2+/- mice (P<0.01) and increased to 4.14 from 1.92 (on AIN-76A diet) in the Apc/JNK2-/- mice (P<0.01) although there was a slight increase of tumor formation in Apc/JNK2+/+ mice. Intestinal tumorigenesis in Apc/JNK2 double-mutant mice with high-risk diet modulation was associated with β-catenin signaling, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ and inflammation pathway. Collectively, we concluded that JNK2 may function in controlling fat metabolism and loss of JNK2 increases the risk of obesity, the latter synergizes with high-fat diet to increase intestinal tumor susceptibility. This data strongly suggests the importance of JNK2 in intestinal carcinogenesis and the importance of dietary manipulation for cancer prevention in the population whose JNK2 is inactivated.
    Carcinogenesis 12/2010; 32(4):584-8. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Selenium-binding protein (SBP) 1 is present in reduced levels in several cancer types as compared with normal tissues, and lower levels are associated with poor clinical prognosis. Another selenium-containing protein, glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1), has been associated with cancer risk and development. The interaction between these representatives of different classes of selenoproteins was investigated. Increasing SBP1 levels in either human colorectal or breast cancer cells by transfection of an expression construct resulted in the reduction of GPX1 enzyme activity. Increased expression of GPX1 in the same cell types resulted in the transcriptional and translational repression of SBP1, as evidenced by the reduction of SBP1 messenger RNA and protein and the inhibition of transcription measured using an SBP1 reporter construct. The opposing effects of SBP1 and GPX1 on each other were also observed when GPX1 was increased by supplementing the media of these tissue culture cells with selenium, and the effect of selenium on SBP1 was shown to be GPX1 dependent. Decreasing or increasing GPX1 levels in colonic epithelial cells of mice fed a selenium-deficient, -adequate or -supplemented diet resulted in the opposing effect on SBP1 levels. These data are explained in part by the demonstration that SBP1 and GPX1 form a physical association, as determined by coimmunoprecipitation and fluorescence resonance energy transfer assay. The results presented establish an interaction between two distinct selenium-containing proteins that may enhance the understanding of the mechanisms by which selenium and selenoproteins affect carcinogenesis in humans.
    Carcinogenesis 08/2010; 31(8):1360-6. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been shown that selenium-binding protein 1 (SBP1) is significantly downregulated in different human cancers. Its regulation and function have not yet been established. We show that the SBP1 promoter is hypermethylated in colon cancer tissues and human colon cancer cells. Treatment with 5'-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine leads to demethylation of the SBP1 promoter and to an increase of SBP1 promoter activity, rescues SBP1 mRNA and protein expression in human colon cancer cells. Additionally, overexpression of SBP1 sensitizes colon cancer cells to H2O2-induced apoptosis, inhibits cancer cell migration in vitro and inhibits tumor growth in nude mice. These data demonstrate that SBP1 has tumor suppressor functions that are inhibited in colorectal cancer through epigenetic silencing.
    PLoS ONE 01/2009; 4(11):e7774. · 3.53 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

66 Citations
29.17 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Xinxiang University
      Sinsiang-hsien, Henan Sheng, China
  • 2009–2013
    • University of Illinois at Chicago
      • Department of Pathology (Chicago)
      Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • 2011
    • Liaoning University
      • School of Life Science
      Feng-t’ien, Liaoning, China