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Publications (3)1.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study is to identify factors that contribute to reproductive tract infections (RTIs) among women in rural China, including prevalence, influence of sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, hygienic behaviors and the history of childbearing, menstruation and abortion. A stratified cluster sample of 53,652 married women in rural Anhui Province of China completed an interviewer-administered standardized questionnaire, and underwent gynecological examination and laboratory investigation. RTIs were relatively common (30,939/58.1%) among our sample of 53,652 married women. The three most frequent RTIs in our samples were endocervicitis, bacterial vaginosis (BV) and trichomoniasis, with prevalences of 41.7%, 12.0% and 4.5%, respectively. Multiple infections were prevalent among our sample. 20.4% (10,854) of our sample had two RTIs and 8.8% (4713) had at least three RTIs. Multivariate analysis showed that women's age, education, occupation, dysmenorrhea, number of deliveries, personal hygiene habit, menstrual cycle, menstruation, abortion, the interval between abortion and sexual intercourse afterwards, RTI knowledge and the frequency of sexual intercourse per month were all related to RTIs in our sample. Among married women in rural China, the prevalence of RTIs was high, indicating the need for health education.
    European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 09/2009; 147(2):187-91. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the prevalence and its related factors on breast-diseases among women at reproductive age in the rural areas of Anhui province, and to provide data for the development of prevention and healthcare on breast-diseases. 54 400 rural fertile women aged 15 - 49 were surveyed by a stratified-cluster-random sampling method. Breast examination was conducted in two steps: converging at the clinics, and later visiting their households. Clinical examination and X-ray scanning check up were performed. The rate of the breast-disease among the rural fertile women was 10.69%, and the first three breast-diseases were galactophore hyperplasia, fibroadenoma and intracanalicular papilloma, their prevalence were 9.39%, 0.65% and 0.50% respectively. The results of logistic regression showed in comparison with women and their husbands who were under 29, low education, husbands being farmers, medium menstrual flow, no dysmenorrheal, the total number of deliveries was 0 while no history of abortion, those who aged 30 to 44, high education, husbands were doing other jobs (they were mainly businessmen or teachers), more menstrual flow, dysmenorrheal, the total number of deliveries was 1, they were more likely to got breast diseases. However in comparison with women who earned less than 5000 Yuan per year, those who had 5001 to 8000 Yuan per year were less likely to get breast diseases. Breast diseases were prevalent among rural fertile women and were affected by multi-factors. We suggested that screening program on breast cancer should be carried out at regular intervals and at the same time, to intensify second-class prevention of breast cancer, together with actively treating patients with galactophore hyperplasia, to reduce the prevalence of precancerous pathological changes.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 09/2009; 30(9):895-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To understand health seeking behavior and its influential factors to reproductive tract infections (RTIs) on women at reproductive age in the rural areas. 54540 fertile women aged 15 - 49 were surveyed by a stratified-cluster-random sampling method and gynecological examination were conducted in two steps: converging at the clinics, and then visiting their households, later, 31 624 women who had at least one RTI symptom were chosen. Among all the women at reproductive age, the rate of having at least one RTI symptom was 59.8% with the means of RTI symptom as 1.66 +/- 0.89. 15989 women went to see doctors out of the 31 624 women who had RTI symptoms, with a proportion of 50.6%. The results of logistic regress showed that those women whose husbands having higher education level, higher income, more RTI symptoms and better knowledge on RTI were more easily to go to the hospitals. However, those women whose husbands working out of the county, having older first bearing age and more numbers of pregnancy were less likely to go to the hospitals. Reasons that refrained them from going to see a doctor would include: 2137 (13.7%) did not know that RTI was a disease; 7443 (47.6%) of them thought that every woman were bound to have at least one symptom and it did not matter; 1629 (10.4%) of them felt shameful; 349 (2.2%) learned that the diseases were incurable; 975 (6.2%) felt the cost of treatment was too expensive; 2101 (13.4%) had no time; 1001 (6.4%) would treat themselves through buying medicines over the counter. RTI symptoms were quite prevalent among women at reproductive age but the rate of seeing a doctor was low and caused by multi-factors. Health education and gynecological census in increasing the curable rate of RTIs should to be strengthened.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 01/2009; 29(12):1185-8.