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Publications (3)8.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the protective effect of telmisartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, against ischemia/reperfusion renal injury in rats. Bilateral ischemia was induced by clamping both renal vascular pedicles for 45 min followed by reperfusion for 3 h. Untreated rats exposed to ischemia/reperfusion showed significant elevations in blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine levels, renal tissue levels of malondialdehyde, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and nitric oxide, and caspase-3 activity. This was associated with significant decreases in renal reduced glutathione level, catalase and superoxide dismutase activities. Also, significant increases in serum and renal tissue levels of homocysteine were detected following ischemia/reperfusion. Pre-ischemic treatment with telmisartan (0.3 mg/kg/day, i.p.) for 7 consecutive days significantly attenuated the increases in blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, renal malondialdehyde, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, nitric oxide, caspase-3 activity, and serum and renal homocysteine levels, and significantly restored the renal antioxidant defenses. In addition, light and electron microscopic examinations revealed that telmisartan pre-treatment markedly ameliorated ischemia/reperfusion-induced renal tissue damage. It was concluded that telmisartan, through its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic effects, can be considered a potential candidate to protect against acute ischemia/reperfusion renal injury.
    Pharmacology 02/2010; 85(3):158-67. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The hepatoprotective effect of carnosine was investigated against cadmium-induced acute liver injury in mice. Hepatotoxicity was induced by a single i.p. injection of cadmium chloride (6.5mg/kg). Carnosine treatment (10mg/kg/day, i.p.) was applied for three consecutive days, starting one day before cadmium administration. Carnosine significantly decreased the cadmium-induced elevations in serum aminotransferases. Carnosine suppressed lipid peroxidation and restored the deficits in the antioxidant defense mechanisms (reduced glutathione level, and catalase and superoxide dismutase activities) in liver tissue resulted from cadmium administration. Also, the reductions in hepatic nitric oxide and zinc ion levels, and the increases in hepatic cadmium ion concentration, and myeloperoxidase and caspase-3 activities following cadmium exposure were significantly attenuated by carnosine treatment. In addition, carnosine markedly ameliorated cadmium-induced liver tissue damage as evidenced by light and electron microscopic examinations. It was concluded that carnosine can be considered a potential candidate to protect the liver against the deleterious effect of acute cadmium intoxication.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 09/2009; 47(11):2863-70. · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The protective effect of hemin, the heme oxygenase-1 inducer, was investigated in rats with cadmium induced-testicular injury, in which oxidative stress and inflammation play a major role. Testicular damage was induced by a single i.p. injection of cadmium chloride (2mg/kg). Hemin was given for three consecutive days (40 micromol/kg/day, s.c.), starting 1 day before cadmium administration. Hemin treatment significantly increased serum testosterone level that was reduced by cadmium. Hemin compensated deficits in the antioxidant defense mechanisms (reduced glutathione, and catalase and superoxide dismutase activities), and suppressed lipid peroxidation in testicular tissue resulted from cadmium administration. Also, hemin attenuated the cadmium-induced elevations in testicular tumor necrosis factor-alpha and nitric oxide levels, and caspase-3 activity. Additionally, hemin ameliorated cadmium-induced testicular tissue damage observed by light and electron microscopic examinations. The protective effect afforded by hemin was abolished by prior administration of zinc protoporphyrin-IX, the heme oxygenase-1 inhibitor. It was concluded that hemin, through its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic effects, represents a potential therapeutic option to protect the testicular tissue from the detrimental effects of cadmium.
    Toxicology 01/2009; 257(3):153-60. · 4.02 Impact Factor