Stephanie M Cologna

Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, United States

Are you Stephanie M Cologna?

Claim your profile

Publications (6)27.57 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The use of histidine as a protein digestion buffer followed by isoelectric trapping separations using "membrane separated wells for isoelectric focusing and trapping" (MSWIFT) and mass spectrometry (MS) analysis is described. Tryptic digestion of bovine serum albumin (BSA) performed in histidine buffered solutions yields similar amino acid sequence coverage values to those obtained using ammonium bicarbonate buffer. Time course studies suggest that histidine buffers provide faster migration of peptides from the loading compartment compared to digestions prepared in ammonium bicarbonate due to differences in conductivities of the two buffers. In addition, this sample preparation method and MSWIFT separations have been coupled with capillary electrophoresis (CE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) as an alternative separation approach for proteomic studies. Tryptic peptides of ribosomal proteins in histidine are fractionated using MSWIFT followed by CE-MALDI-MS, which further illustrates the ability to couple fractions from a pI based separation device to CE-MS. Specifically, two-dimensional CE-MS plots provide a direct correlation between the numbers of basic residues within the peptide sequence displayed in charge-state trend lines. Combining MSWIFT and CE-MS provides added information regarding peptide sequence, specifically pI and in-solution charge state. Post-translational modifications can also be identified using this method.
    Analytical Chemistry 09/2011; 83(21):8108-14. · 5.70 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The increase in adipose tissue mass arises in part from progressive lipid loading and triglyceride accumulation in adipocytes. Enlarged adipocytes produce the highest levels of pro-inflammatory molecules and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Since mitochondria are the site for major metabolic processes (e.g., TCA cycle) that govern the extent of triglyceride accumulation as well as the primary site of ROS generation, we quantitatively investigated changes in the adipocyte mitochondrial proteome during different stages of differentiation and enlargement. Mitochondrial proteins from 3T3-L1 adipocytes at different stages of lipid accumulation (days 0-18) were digested and labeled using the iTRAQ 8-plex kit. The labeled peptides were fractionated using a liquid phase isoelectric fractionation system (MSWIFT) to increase the depth of proteome coverage and analyzed using LC-MS/MS. A total of 631 proteins in the mitochondrial fraction, including endoplasmic reticulum-associated and golgi-related mitochondrial proteins, were identified and classified into 12 functional categories. A total of 123 proteins demonstrated a statistically significant change in expression in at least one of the time points over the course of the experiment. The identified proteins included enzymes and transporters involved in the TCA cycle, fatty acid oxidation, and ATP synthesis. Our results indicate that cultured adipocytes enter a state of metabolic-overdrive where increased flux through the TCA cycle and increased fatty acid oxidation occur simultaneously. The proteomic data also suggest that accumulation of reduced electron carriers and the resultant oxidative stress may be attractive targets for modulating adipocyte function in metabolic disorders.
    Journal of Proteome Research 08/2011; 10(10):4692-702. · 5.06 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Within the Burkholderia cepacia complex, B. cenocepacia is the most common species associated with aggressive infections in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients, causing disease that is often refractive to treatment by antibiotics. Phage therapy may be a potential alternative form of treatment for these infections. Here we describe the genome of the previously described therapeutic B. cenocepacia podophage BcepIL02 and its close relative, Bcep22. Phage Bcep22 was found to contain a circularly permuted genome of 63,882 bp containing 77 genes; BcepIL02 was found to be 62,714 bp and contains 76 predicted genes. Major virion-associated proteins were identified by proteomic analysis. We propose that these phages comprise the founding members of a novel podophage lineage, the Bcep22-like phages. Among the interesting features of these phages are a series of tandemly repeated putative tail fiber genes that are similar to each other and also to one or more such genes in the other phages. Both phages also contain an extremely large (ca. 4,600-amino-acid), virion-associated, multidomain protein that accounts for over 20% of the phages' coding capacity, is widely distributed among other bacterial and phage genomes, and may be involved in facilitating DNA entry in both phage and other mobile DNA elements. The phages, which were previously presumed to be virulent, show evidence of a temperate lifestyle but are apparently unable to form stable lysogens in their hosts. This ambiguity complicates determination of a phage lifestyle, a key consideration in the selection of therapeutic phages.
    Journal of bacteriology 07/2011; 193(19):5300-13. · 3.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A mass spectrometry (MS)-compatible, isoelectric point-based separation method for removal of neutral additives from protein solutions is described. The separation is performed by electrophoretic migration and trapping using a device referred to as membrane separated wells for isoelectric focusing and trapping (MSWIFT). Electrophoretic separation in the MSWIFT device is fast; the entire process can be carried out in a matter of minutes, and it does not require further sample cleanup prior to MS analysis. Proof-of-concept experiments in which neutral additives (e.g., Triton X-100, Tween 20, poly(ethylene glycol)) are removed from protein solutions using the MSWIFT device followed by MS analysis are described. Coupling the MSWIFT separation with ion mobility MS provides additional separation via the gas phase and assists in achieving higher quality ESI mass spectra when small amounts of additives remain in solution.
    Analytical Chemistry 03/2011; 83(7):2814-8. · 5.70 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The off-line coupling of an isoelectric trapping device termed membrane separated wells for isoelectric focusing and trapping (MSWIFT) to mass spectrometry-based proteomic studies is described. The MSWIFT is a high capacity, high-throughput, mass spectrometry-compatible isoelectric trapping device that provides isoelectric point (pI)-based separations of complex mixtures of peptides. In MSWIFT, separation and analyte trapping are achieved by migrating the peptide ions through membranes having fixed pH values until the peptide pI is bracketed by the pH values of adjacent membranes. The pH values of the membranes can be tuned, thus affording a high degree of experimental flexibility. Specific advantages of using MSWIFT for sample prefractionation include: (1) small sample volumes (approximately 200 microL), (2) customized membranes over a large pH range, (3) flexibility in the number of desired fractions, (4) membrane compatibility with a variety of solvents systems, and (5) resulting fractions do not require sample cleanup before MS analysis. Here, we demonstrate the utility of MSWIFT for mass spectrometry-based detection of peptides in improving dynamic range and the reduction of ion suppression effects for high-throughput separations of tryptic peptides.
    Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 09/2010; 21(9):1612-9. · 3.59 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Collision induced dissociation (CID) combined with matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-ion mobility-mass spectrometry (MALDI-IM-MS) is described. In this approach, peptide ions are separated on the basis of mobility in a 15 cm drift cell. Following mobility separation, the ions exit the drift cell and enter a 5 cm vacuum interface with a high field region (up to 1000 V/cm) to undergo collisional activation. Ion transmission and ion kinetic energies in the interface are theoretically evaluated accounting for the pressure gradient, interface dimensions, and electric fields. Using this CID technique, we have successfully fragmented and sequenced a number of model peptide ions as well as peptide ions obtained by a tryptic digest. This instrument configuration allows for the simultaneous determination of peptide mass, peptide-ion sequence, and collision-cross section of MALDI-generated ions, providing information critical to the identification of unknown components in complex proteomic samples.
    Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 01/2009; 20(6):907-14. · 3.59 Impact Factor