[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The recently identified gene Muc19/Smgc encodes two diverse splice variants, Smgc (submandibular gland protein C) and Muc19 (mucin 19). Muc19 is a member of the large gel-forming mucin family and is an exocrine product of sublingual mucous salivary glands in mice. SMGC is a transiently expressed secretion product of developing rodent submandibular and sublingual glands. Little is known about the expression of Muc19/Smgc gene products in other murine salivary and non-salivary tissues containing the mucous cell phenotype. Muc19 expression was therefore initially assessed by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. As a complementary approach, we developed a knockin mouse model, Muc19-EGFP, in which mice express a fusion protein containing the first 69 residues of Muc19 followed by enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) as a marker of Muc19 expression. Results from both approaches are consistent, with preferential Muc19 expression in salivary major and minor mucous glands as well as submucosal glands of the tracheolarynx and bulbourethral glands. Evidence also indicates that individual mucous cells of minor salivary and bulbourethral glands produce another gel-forming mucin in addition to Muc19. We further find tissue expression of full-length Smgc transcripts, which encode for SMGC, and are restricted to neonatal tracheolarynx and all salivary tissues. (J Histochem Cytochem 58:141-156, 2010).
Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 10/2009; 58(2):141-56. · 2.26 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Muc19/Smgc expresses two splice variants, Smgc (submandibular gland protein C) and Muc19 (mucin 19), the latter a major exocrine product of differentiated murine sublingual mucous cells. Transcripts for Smgc were detected recently in neonatal sublingual glands, suggesting that SMGC proteins are expressed during initial salivary mucous cell cytodifferentiation. We therefore compared developmental expression of transcripts and translation products of Smgc and Muc19 in sublingual glands. We find abundant expression of SMGC within the initial terminal bulbs, with a subsequent decrease as Muc19 expression increases. During postnatal gland expansion, SMGC is found in presumptive newly formed acinar cells and then persists in putative acinar stem cells. Mucin levels increase 7-fold during the first 3 weeks of life, with little change in transcript levels, whereas between postnatal days 21 and 28, there is a 3-fold increase in Muc19 mRNA and heteronuclear RNA. Our collective results demonstrate the direct transition from SMGC to Muc19 expression during early mucous cell cytodifferentiation and further indicate developmentally regulated changes in Muc19/Smgc transcription, alternative splicing, and translation. These changes in Muc19/Smgc gene expression delineate multiple stages of salivary mucous cell cytodifferentiation and subsequent maturation during embryonic gland development through the first 4 weeks of postnatal life.
Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 01/2009; 57(4):383-96. · 2.26 Impact Factor