[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate the optimum composition of Polycan (β-glucan complex) and calcium lactate-gluconate (CaLG) that exhibited the most beneficial effects in ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteoporotic rats. Polycan and CaLG single formulas (100 mg/kg each), and three doses (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) of three mixed formulas [polycan:CaLG (PCLG)=1:99, 5:95 and 10:90] were orally administered once a day for 84 days. The effects of the test materials were compared with those of a risedronate sodium-treated group. OVX resulted in an increase in body weight, decreased bone formation, elevated serum osteocalcin levels and urine deoxypyridinoline/creatinine ratio, as well as decreased serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase levels, femur indices, bone mineral content, bone mineral density and failure load. However, these OVX-induced osteoporotic changes markedly decreased following the administration of the test materials. Continuous oral treatment of Polycan or CaLG single formulas and the PCLG mixed formulas preserved bone mass and strength. The PCLG 10:90 mixed formula exhibited the most favorable synergistic antiosteoporotic effects in the OVX-induced osteoporotic rats as compared with equal doses of the Polycan or CaLG single formulas.
Experimental and therapeutic medicine 09/2014; 8(3):957-967. · 0.34 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To examine the antioxidant activities of 11n selected miscellaneous cereal grains (proso millet, yellow glutinous proso millet, hwanggeumchal sorghum, glutinous sorghum, white glutinous sorghum, yellow glutinous foxtail millet, nonglutinous foxtail millet, green glutinous foxtail millet, golden foxtail millet, barnyard millet, and adlay), the free radical-scavenging activities of 80% ethanol extracts of the individual grains were investigated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) methods. The ethanol extracts of hwanggeumchal sorghum, glutinous sorghum, and barnyard millet grains exhibited more potent free radical-scavenging activities as compared to the other grains. When these three ethanol extracts were sequentially fractionated with n-hexane, methylene chloride, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol, the majority of the antioxidant activities were detected in the ethyl acetate and butanol fractions in which phenolic ingredients were abundant. The ethyl acetate and butanol fractions of hwanggeumchal sorghum and the ethyl acetate fraction of glutinous sorghum showed higher antioxidant activity than that of -tocopherol. Both ferric thiocyanate (FTC) and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) methods demonstrated that these organic solvent fractions could inhibit lipid peroxidation. The ethyl acetate fractions from hwanggeumchal sorghum, glutinous sorghum, and barnyard millet grains could suppress tertiary-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP)-induced apoptotic events, including sub-G1 peaks, loss, activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3, and cleavage of PARP and lamin B, in human HL-60 cells. These results show that the grains of hwanggeumchal sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench cv. Hwanggeumchalsusu), glutinous sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench cv. Chalsusu), and barnyard millet (Echinochloa esculenta) possess efficient antioxidant activity, which could protect cells from oxidative stress-mediated cytotoxicity.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Essential oils extracted or purified from various plants have shown various beneficial effects. Seed parts of Schizandra chinensis Baillon (Schisandrae Semen) have been used as a traditional medicine for thousands of years in parts of Asia, including Korea, China, and Japan. However, the pharmacological mechanisms of essential oils purified from S. fructus (S. chinensis Baillon) remain largely unresolved. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety of Schisandrae Semen essential oil (SSeo) by a single- dose toxicity study in mice. SSeo was orally administered at a dose of 5,000 mg/kg in ICR mice. All animals were sacrificed after 14 days of treatment. After a single administration, mortality, clinical signs, body weight changes, and gross pathological findings were observed for 14 days. We also measured parameters of organ weight, clinical chemistry, and hematology. No toxicological change related to the test substance or mortality was observed after administration of a single oral dose of SSeo. There were no adverse effects on clinical signs, body weight, or organ weight and no gross pathological findings in any treatment group. The clinical chemistry and hematological parameters were within the normal ranges except total bilirubin. Therefore, the approximate lethal dose for oral administration of SSeo in mice was considered to be over 5,000 mg/kg. The results on the single-dose toxicity of SSeo indicate that it is not possible to reach oral dose levels related to death or dose levels with any harmful side effects.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study examined the effects of calcium (Ca) gluconate on collagen-induced DBA mouse rheumatoid arthritis (CIA). A single daily dose of 200, 100 or 50 mg/kg Ca gluconate was administered orally to male DBA/1J mice for 40 days after initial collagen immunization. To ascertain the effects administering the collagen booster, CIA-related features (including body weight, poly-arthritis, knee and paw thickness, and paw weight increase) were measured from histopathological changes in the spleen, left popliteal lymph node, third digit and the knee joint regions. CIA-related bone and cartilage damage improved significantly in the Ca gluconate- administered CIA mice. Additionally, myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels in the paw were reduced in Ca gluconate-treated CIA mice compared to CIA control groups. The level of malondialdehyde (MDA), an indicator of oxidative stress, decreased in a dosedependent manner in the Ca gluconate group. Finally, the production of IL-6 and TNF-α, involved in rheumatoid arthritis pathogenesis, were suppressed by treatment with Ca gluconate. Taken together, these results suggest that Ca gluconate is a promising candidate anti-rheumatoid arthritis agent, exerting anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and immunomodulatory effects in CIA mice.
Biomolecules and Therapeutics 07/2013; 21(4):290-8. · 0.79 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance wireless power link including a non-coaxially aligned repeater resonator has been analyzed and designed for efficient mid-range wireless powering. Parametric study on the power transfer efficiency (PTE) for several meter distance range indoor powering has been made and optimization condition for maximum PTE have been obtained. The results are expected to be utilized for mid-range wireless powering in the presence of practical limitations of the resonator location.
2013 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation & USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting; 07/2013
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study investigated the changes in physicochemical characteristics of adzuki bean (Vigna angularis var. nipponensis) tea depending on the variety and roasting times, for the development of functional foods. The levels of total polyphenol, flavonoids, and tannin contents were 12.72 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/g, 3.01 mg catechin equivalent (CE)/g, and 3.56 mg tannic acid equivalent (TAE)/g, respectively, for the Jeolgangsung-ipat sample roasted for 16 min. The highest DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity was 7.81 mg Trolox equivalent (TE)/g in Bulgeun-ipat sample that was roasted for 14 min. The highest total polyphenol content in the hot water-leached liqueur of adzuki bean tea was GAE/100 mL in Yungum-pat that was roasted for 12 min. The total flavonoids and tannin contents of Whin-ipat and Jeolgangsung-ipat roasted for 10 min were CE/100 mL and TAE/100 mL, respectively. The highest DPPH and ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzo-thiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical scavenging activities of hot water-leached liqueur of adzuki bean tea were 488.72 and 728.25 mg TE/100 mL, respectively, in Yungumpat roasted that was for 12 min. The results of this study show that roasted adzuki bean tea has notable antioxidant activity and is considered to have significant health benefits.
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology. 01/2013; 45(3).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical characteristic of the cooked rice added with glutinous and non-glutinous sorghum. The sorghum cultivars were Sorghum bicolor L. Moench cv. Hwanggeumchal, Nampungchal (glutinous), and Donganme (nonglutinous), and rice cultivar was Ilpum rice. The cooking properties and pasting characteristics of cooking rice adding with sorghum according to varieties and different addition rates evaluated. The cooking properties and pasting characteristics had significant changes with the varieties and different addition rates of sorghum. With increased addition rates of sorghum, the pasting temperature, peak viscosity, trough viscosity, breakdown viscosity, and final viscosity were decreased. With increased addition rates of sorghum, the total polyphenol and flavonoid contents before and after cooked rice were increased. Total polyphenol contents of 30% addition rates before cooking rice with Hwanggeumchal, Nampungchal, and Donganme sorghum were 1,693.30, 1,890.98 and sample, whereas those after cooking rice with sorghum were 1,189.28, 1,190.42 and sample, respectively. The high level of DPPH radical scavenging activity before and after cooking rice with sorghum were 126.29 and 70.58 mg TE/100g sample in the Donganme in 30% addition rates. Also, ABTS radical scavenging activity was 135.56 and 83.12 mg TE/100g sample, respectively. The results of this study show that the addition of sorghum can make cooked rice improved antioxidant activity.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was conducted in order to investigate the quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of dry noodles with addition of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) flour from glutinous and non-glutinous varieties. The sorghum varieties used in this study were glutinous 'Hwaggumchal' and non-glutinous 'Donganme', and the contents added to noodles were 'Hwaggumchal' 5%, 'Hwaggumchal' 10%, 'Donganme' 5%, and 'Donganme' 10%. The turbidity of soup of cooked noodles was increased by addition of sorghum flour. The cooking loss of 'Hwaggumchal' flour added noodles (HFN) was greater than that of 'Donganme' flour added noodles (DFN), reflecting endosperm characteristics. Phenolic compounds such as polyphenol, flavonoid, and tannin contents and antioxidant activity of sorghum flour added noodles were increased in proportion to the amounts of added sorghum flour. In the added varieties, DFN showed greater amounts of phenolic compounds and higher levels of DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities than HFN. The DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities of 5~10% DFN were increased by 4.6~6.2 fold and 10.5~13.4 fold, respectively, compared to non-added noodles. Regarding cooking effects, DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities of sorghum flour added noodles were increased by 10.9~11.2% after cooking. In sensory evaluation, color and appearance value were highest in HFN, and no differences in taste and overall acceptability were observed among treatments.
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition 01/2013; 42(8).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, sorghum teas were prepared from Sorghum bicolor L. Moench subjected to different types of milling (no milling (0%), minimum milling (5%), and milling (20%)) and pan-firing times (1 to 10 minutes), and its quality characteristics were investigated. With regards to milling type, total polyphenolic, flavonoid, tannin contents, and antioxidant activities of ethanol extracts from both no milling sorghum and its tea were highest, followed by minimum milling and milling in decreasing order. Crude nitrogen content was highest in milling sorghum and its tea regardless of pan-firing time. With regards to pan-firing time, total polyphenolic, flavonoid, tannin contents, and antioxidant activities of sorghum teas increased with increasing pan-firing time regardless of milling type. The highest DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities were observed at a pan-firing time between 7 to 9 minutes. In contrast to ethanol extracts of pan-fried sorghum tea, antioxidant activities, chromaticity, and turbidity of hot water leaching liqueur of sorghum tea were highest in milling sorghum tea, followed by minimum milling and no milling sorghum tea.
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition 11/2012; 41(11).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to detect the effect of beta-glucan derived from Aureobasidium pullulans SM-2001, a UV induced mutant of A. pullulans on the ovalbumin (OVA) induced allergic asthma. The test articles were orally administered to OVA-inducing asthmatic mice 4 days after sensitization for 13 days at 31.25, 62.5 or 125 mg/kg levels. Three days after the OVA sensitization, ten mice were selected per group based on body weight and were sacrificed three days after the OVA aerosol challenge. The changes on the body weight, lung weight, total leukocytes in peripheral blood and total cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were observed with changes on the lung histopathology and histomorphometry. The results were compared with dexamethasone (DEXA) 3 mg/kg intraperitoneally treated mice. The results showed increases of body weight after the OVA aerosol challenge, lung weight, total leukocytes and eosinophils in peripheral blood, total cell numbers, neutrophil and eosinophils in BALF were detected in the OVA control compared to sham control (non-OVA). However, these changes from asthmatic responses were significantly or dose-dependently decreased in the beta-glucan-dosing groups compared to those of the OVA control. Therefore, it is concluded that beta-glucan has favorable effects on asthmatic response induced by OVA. It was found that beta-glucan 125 mg/kg showed similar or slightly lower efficacy compared with DEXA 3 mg/kg.
Archives of Pharmacal Research 06/2012; 35(6):1073-81. · 1.54 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Kidneys previously exposed to ischemia and reperfusion (I/R), pre-conditioned by I/R, are less susceptible to subsequent I/R injury. Here, we investigated the role for protein kinase B (Akt) survival signaling pathways including anti-apoptosis pathways in the reduced susceptibility of I/R-pre-conditioned kidneys.METHODS: Mice were exposed to either a single I/R pre-conditioning event (SIRPC, 30 min of bilateral renal ischemia followed by 8 days of reperfusion) or sham-operation (non-SIRPC) and then subjected to either 30 min of bilateral renal ischemia or sham-operation (sham). Some of the mice received intra-peritoneal administrations of wortmannin, which is an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase, PI3K.RESULTS: Thirty minutes of bilateral renal ischemia in non-SIRPC mice induced a dramatic increase in plasma creatinine (PCr) levels, but this was not observed in the SIRPC mouse. Consistent with the PCr results, tubular damage and apoptotic tubular cell death were more severe in the non-SIRPC mouse kidney than in the SIRPC mice. SIRPC increased the levels of phosphorylated-Akt and -Bad expression as well as the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax expression in the kidney. I/R resulted in greater increases of phosphorylated-Akt and -Bad, Bcl-xL and Bcl-2, but a lower level of increase of Bax, in the SIRPC mouse kidneys than those in the non-SIRPC-mouse kidneys. Treatment with wortmannin during the SIRPC period inhibited SIRPC-induced increase in phosphorylated-Akt and -Bad expressions and eliminated tolerance of SIRPC mice kidneys to I/R insult.CONCLUSION: Ischemic pre-conditioning confers renal resistance to I/R-induced apoptosis via activation of the Akt signal pathway.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant contents and antioxidant activities of solvent fractions from methanolic extract of sericea lespedeza. To determine the antioxidant compounds in solvent fractions from methanolic extract, total polyphenolic, flavonoid, tannin, and proanthocyanidin contents were measured by spectrophotometric methods. Solvent fractions were evaluated for antioxidative capacity according to DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities. Total polyphenolic contents were 12.44, 3.61, 6.39, 27.11, 20.00, and 9.32 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/g extract residue (ER), respectively. Total flavonoid contents were 2.94, 9.92, 7.77, 9.27, 5.11, and 2.66 mg catechin equivalent (CE)/g ER, respectively. Total tannin contents were 8.75, 10.04, 7.42, 17.32, 11.65, and 7.61 mg tannic acid equivalent (TAE)/g ER, respectively. Total proanthocyanidin contents were 346.09, 63.50, 103.76, 288.62, 231.99, and CE/g ER, respectively. DPPH radical scavenging activities of solvent fractions from methanolic extract of sericea lespedeza were 20.62, 5.16, 9.29, 20.80, 20.00 and 20.79 mg Trolox equivalent (TE)/g ER, and ABTS radical scavenging activities were 33.86, 9.24, 17.36, 33.76, 33.49, and 33.86 mg TE/g ER, respectively. SOD-like activities were 4.12, 0.61, 2.01, 9.89, 13.47, and 11.82 units/mL, and -glucosidase inhibition activities were 93.85 and 61.64% at concentrations of 50 and in the water fraction, respectively. The results of this study show that notable antioxidant activities in sericea lespedeza have significant health benefits.
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition 01/2012; 41(11).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant contents and activities of solvent fractions from methanolic extracts of cockscome flowers. The yield of methanolic extracts from cockscome flowers was 23.33%, whereas those of its solvent fractions (hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water) were 10.27, 20.00, 13.63, 17.55, and 38.54%, respectively. Total polyphenolic, flavonoid, tannin, and proanthocyanidin contents of methanolic extracts (ME) were 6.80 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/g ME, 2.34 mg catechin equivalent (CE)/g ME, 6.23 mg tannic acid equivalent (TAE)/g ME, and CE/g ME, respectively. The highest total polyphenolic, flavonoid, and tannin contents of solvent fractions were 14.92 mg GAE/g solvent fraction (SF), 5.44 mg CE/g SF, and 13.38 mg TAE/g SF in the butanol fraction, respectively. The total proanthocyanidin contents were 42.47, 44.43, 50.03, 49.12, and CE/g SF, respectively. The DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities from cockscome flowers were 5.24 and 10.70 mg Trolox equivalent (TE)/g ME, respectively. The highest DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities of the solvent fractions were 12.53 and 21.09 mg TE/g SF in the butanol fraction, respectively. SOD-like activities of methanolic extracts from cockscome flowers were 7.96 units/mL, whereas those of its solvent fractions were 4.56, 6.15, 8.07, 12.36, and 5.21 units/mL, respectively. The results of this study show that notable antioxidant activities in cockscome flowers have significant health benefits.
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition 01/2012; 41(11).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper proposes a new design technique for a reconfigurable CMOS Class E power amplifier (PA) by selectively activating the transistor cells in the array of power transistors. The activated transistors will be used for amplification and the non-activated transistors will be used for input/output matching and switching capacitance for Class E operation. The quad-band PA for 1.9/2.3/2.6/3.5 GHz has been implemented in a 0.18 μm CMOS technology using the technique without any switch or tunable circuit. This PA obtains output powers of 24.2/23.8/23.4/ 20.5 dBm and efficiency of 48.2/44.3/40.9/35.6% at 1.9/2.3/2.6/ 3.5 GHz. The total MMIC chip size is as small as 0.92 × 1.75 mm<sup>2</sup> for the reconfigurable quad-band operation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High-quality (Y0.05Gd0.05)0.94−xAlx(V0.25P0.75)O4:Eu0.06 (0≤x≤0.02) phosphors were synthesized by solution combustion method. We investigated their microstructure and photoluminescence properties as a function of Al3+ content. The emission spectra consisted of three strong and sharp peaks at 594, 615 − 620, and 697 − 704 nm. These peaks were assigned to the transitions from the excited 5D0 to 7Fj (j = 1, 2, and 4) of Eu3+ activator. The annealed phosphors formed a single phase with the tetragonal structure. The doped Al3+ significantly improved the photoluminescence properties.
SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers. 06/2011; 42(1).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Solution combustion method was used to synthesize nanocrystalline (Y0.5Gd0.5)PO4:Eu0.06 phosphor powders. The crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of (Y0.5Gd0.5)PO4:Eu0.06 phosphors were significantly influenced by the annealing temperature. The emission spectra of the (Y0.5Gd0.5)PO4:Eu0.06 phosphors annealed at 800 − 1000 °C were composed of four strong peaks at 588 − 594, 613 − 621, 653, and 667 −700 nm. On the other hand, the spectra of the phosphors annealed at 1100 − 1300 °C consisted of four strong peaks at 592, 619, 651, and 696 − 703 nm. The (Y0.5Gd0.5)PO4:Eu0.06 phosphors annealed at 1300 °C showed the strongest emission intensity. In this study, we discussed the crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of (Y0.5Gd0.5)PO4:Eu0.06, depending on the annealing temperature.
SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers. 06/2011; 42(1).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This letter demonstrates a high-dynamic range GaAs heterojunction bipolar transistor Class E power amplifier (PA) for a WCDMA envelope elimination and restoration transmitter using a dual-mode amplification. An impedance optimization can operate the lossless high-power Class E mode and lossless low-power Class AB mode. This PA has a high dynamic range of -50 dBm to 27 dBm and obtains a remarkably improved efficiency of 9% and 27% power-added efficiency (PAE) at output powers of 0 dBm and 10 dBm, respectively, for low-power mode, and 40% and 48% PAE at 20 and 27 dBm, respectively, for high-power mode.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tissue distribution and urinary excretion of nicotine, cotinine, and hydroxycotinine after multiple oral administration of nicotine to rats for 4 weeks were studied. Physiological change and serum biochemical parameters were also measured to check dysfunction of organs. Significant change of glutathione S-transferase, aspartate aminotransferase, blood urea nitrogen, and physiological parameters indicated the toxicity in liver and kidney, at the dose of 5 and 10 mg/kg/day. Only the concentration and total amount of cotinine, not nicotine or hydroxycotinine, in the liver and the kidney showed a proportional dose-dependent increase and were highly correlated with toxicity. Saturation of metabolizing enzymes for nicotine was estimated by the change of urinary excreted amount ratio between nicotine and its metabolites. Metabolizing enzyme to produce cotinine from nicotine was saturated after multiple oral dosing for 4 weeks in a low dose (1 mg/kg/day), but within 1 week in the dose of 5 and 10 mg/kg/day.
Drug and Chemical Toxicology 04/2010; 33(2):166-72. · 1.29 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Three different doses of valproic acid (20, 100, and 500 mg/kg/d) are administered orally to Sprague-Dawley rats for 5 days, and the feasibility of metabolomics with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry as a predictor of the hepatotoxicity of valproic acid is evaluated. Body weight is found to decrease with the 100-mg/kg/d dose and significantly decrease with the 500-mg/kg/d dose. Mean excreted urine volume is lowest in the 500-mg/kg/d group among all groups. The plasma level of alpha-glutathione-S-transferase, a sensitive and earlier biomarker for hepatotoxicity, increases significantly with administration of 100 and 500 mg/kg/d; however, there is not a significant difference in alpha-glutathione-S-transferase plasma levels between the control and 20-mg/kg/d groups. Clusters in partial least squares discriminant analysis score plots show similar patterns, with changes in physiological conditions and plasma levels of alpha-glutathione-S-transferase; the cluster for the control and 20-mg/kg/d groups does not clearly separate, but the clusters are separate for 100- and 500-mg/kg/d groups. A biomarker of hepatotoxicity, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine and octanoylcarnitine, is identified from nontargeted and targeted metabolic profiling. These results validate that metabolic profiling using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry could be a useful tool for finding novel biomarkers. Thus, a nontargeted metabolic profiling method is established to evaluate the hepatotoxicity of valproic acid and demonstrates proof-of-concept that metabolomic approach with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry has great potential for predicting valproic acid-induced hepatotoxicity and discovering novel biomarkers.
International Journal of Toxicology 08/2009; 28(5):392-404. · 1.35 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The guided dispersion characteristics of subwavelength nanoscale plasmonic coaxial lines are analyzed in detail over a wide optical frequency range below the plasma frequency with a varying gap between the inner and outer plasmonic conductors, providing important preliminary information for understanding the guided mode characteristics of subwavelength nanoscale coaxial lines with plasmonic metals. In particular, when the inner or outer radius is varied, guided modes with similar and dissimilar dispersive features are obtained and discussed. A brief comparison of the propagating modes for the present subwavelength plasmonic coaxial lines and those for a subwavelength plasmonic hole and wire is also made. Comment: 17 pages, 4 figures
Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience 05/2009; · 1.03 Impact Factor