ABSTRACT: The appropriate management of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has become a growing clinical and economic issue, as a new epidemic strain with enhanced virulence is causing increased morbidity and mortality. Presently, only two antibiotics (metronidazole and vancomycin) are routinely used to treat CDI. Both increasing disease severity and recurrent infections have been an impetus not only to develop new agents, but also to better recognize which patients are at highest risk for treatment failure and/or recurrence so that treatments can be optimized from the outset. The availability of a standardized and validated system for stratifying CDI severity could improve patient management and potentially accelerate the development of new treatment agents.
Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy 01/2009; 6(6):897-908. · 3.28 Impact Factor