[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE The authors sought to determine whether emotional intelligence, as measured by the BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i), is associated with selection to administrative chief resident. METHOD Authors invited senior-year residents at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston to participate in an observational cross-sectional study using the BarOn EQ-i. In October 2009 they sent an invitation e-mail to 66 senior residents, with a reminder e-mail 1 month later. The study was designed to detect a 15-point difference in EQ-i scores with 80% power. RESULTS Of the 66 invited residents, 69.6% participated in the study. Average total EQ-I score was 104.9. Among senior-year residents, there were no statistically significant differences in EQ-i scores between administrative chief residents (at 109) and non-administrative chief residents (at 103.2). CONCLUSION Administrative chief residents do not demonstrate higher Emotional Intelligence, as measured by the EQ-i, than other senior-year residents.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Obesity in women of reproductive age is increasing. Gynecologic laparoscopy in the morbidly obese pregnant patient presents challenges, and is not often attempted. Herein is reported a successful case using a modified Foley lap-lift technique, which improved visualization and facilitated mechanical ventilation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ethnic disparities in labor pain management exist. Our purpose is to identify patients' attitudes and beliefs about epidural analgesia in order to develop a culturally competent educational intervention. A prospective observational study was conducted in patients admitted for vaginal delivery between July 1st-31st, 2009. Inclusion criteria were: singleton, term, cephalic, normal fetal heart tracing and no contraindications for epidural. Patients were surveyed regarding their wishes for analgesia, and their reasons for declining epidural. The obstetrics physician performed pain management counseling as is usually done. Patients were asked again about their choice for analgesia. Likert scale questionnaires were used. Wilcoxon signed ranked test was used for categorical variables. Logistic regression was performed to look for predictors of epidural request. Fifty patients were interviewed. Average age was (27.9 ± 6.7), gestational age (39.3 ± 1.3), and a median parity of 2 (range 0-6). 72% declined epidural upon admission, and 61% after counseling (P = 0.14). Most common reasons for declined epidural were 'women should cope with labor pain' (57%), 'fear of back pain' (54%) and 'family/friends advise against epidural' (36%). Acculturation was assessed by years living in the US (10 ± 6.3), preferred language (Spanish 80%) and ethnic self-identification (Hispanic 98%). 38% were high school graduates. In multivariate logistic regression, graduation from high school was the only variable associated to request for epidural in labor (OR 4.94, 95% CI 1.6-15.1). Educational level is associated to requesting an epidural in labor. Knowledge of patients' fears and expectations is essential to develop adequate counseling interventions.
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 04/2011; 14(2):287-91. DOI:10.1007/s10903-011-9440-2 · 1.16 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inversion of the non-pregnant uterus is rare.
A 56-year-old African American woman presented to our emergency center with complaints of a mass protruding from her vagina. She subsequently underwent vaginal myomectomy, abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Pathologic examination revealed a necrotic fibroid and endometrium. At the time of laparotomy an inverted uterus was diagnosed when a 3 cm dimple containing bilateral round ligaments, infundibulopelvic ligaments and bladder was observed.
Chronic nonpuerperal inversion of the uterus is rare. Infection should be suspected and appropriate broad spectrum antibiotics begun while planning surgery. An attempt at vaginal restoration and removal is difficult. Abdominal hysterectomy may be necessary taking care to locate the distal urinary collecting system.
Journal of Medical Case Reports 11/2010; 4:381. DOI:10.1186/1752-1947-4-381
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Prolapsed fibroids presenting in pregnancy are rare. Two cases of bleeding prolapsed fibroids, one cervical and the other submucosal, are presented to demonstrate the clinical features and outcomes following surgical treatment during pregnancy. While vaginal myomectomy of a prolapsed cervical fibroid in pregnancy appears safe, prolapse of a submucosal fibroid in pregnancy necessitating excision may be associated with rupture of the membranes.
Southern medical journal 10/2010; 103(10):1058-60. DOI:10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3181efb552 · 0.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cervical and prolapsed submucosal leiomyomas are rarely seen in pregnancy. Depending on the size threshold used to diagnose a leiomyoma, the prevalence of uterine leiomyomas in pregnancy is approximately 3% to 10%. The prevalence of clinically evident cervical leiomyomas in pregnancy is less than 1%. Contrary to prior thought, the majority of uterine leiomyomas in pregnancy do not usually lead to complications. Indications for surgical intervention in pregnancy for cervical leiomyomas include bleeding, infection, degeneration, pain, and urinary stasis. Preoperative imaging with ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging may help to delineate the location and nature (e.g., pedunculated) of the cervical leiomyoma when clinical examination is inconclusive. We reviewed the current literature in regard to cervical leiomyomas in pregnancy and summarize the major findings. After completing this CME activity, readers should be better able to evaluate the prevalence and natural history of uterine and cervical leiomyomas in pregnancy, assess indications for surgical intervention in pregnant patients, manage surgical complications, and select imaging modalities that may determine their origin. Target Audience: Obstetricians & Gynecologists, Family Physicians Learning Objectives: After completion of this educational activity, the reader should be better able to evaluate the prevalence and natural history of uterine leiomyomas in pregnancy; assess indications for surgical intervention in pregnant patients; manage surgical complications; and select imaging modalities that may determine their origin.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To delineate risk factors and demographics in those patients with vulvar abscess that required surgical intervention, identify the most common bacterial isolate present at the time of surgery and comment on the progression to necrotizing fasciitis and the need for reoperation.
Retrospective chart review.
A total of 47 vulvar abscesses with cellulitis were managed surgically. The most common isolate was methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which comprised 43% of the total. The median length of stay was 4 days (1-66), and 17% had stays >7 days. Diabetes was significantly related to hospitalization >7 days (38% vs. 6%, p<0.01), reoperation (25% vs. 3%, p=0.02) and progression to necrotizing fasciitis (19% vs. 0%, p=0.01).
When treating abscess of the vulva with cellulitis, antibiotic coverage of MRSA should be undertaken. Inpatient management with aggressive treatment for abscess of the vulva in those patients with concomitant diabetes is recommended.
The Journal of reproductive medicine 03/2010; 55(3-4):139-42. · 0.70 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess practice patterns concerning intraoperative fetal heart rate monitoring during nonobstetric surgery in pregnancy among members of the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics (APGO).
A 16-question survey regarding intraoperative fetal heart rate monitoring during nonobstetric surgery was delivered to the 1300 APGO members via email. Descriptive statistics were used to determine the reasons for fetal monitoring during nonobstetric surgery in pregnancy.
Concerning intraoperative monitoring during nonobstetric surgery, 98% of respondents recorded the fetal heart rate pre-and post-surgery, and 43% of respondents reported they usually monitor intraoperatively. Of the 1151 physicians surveyed, 16% completed the survey.
The majority of APGO members surveyed do not employ intraoperative fetal heart rate monitoring during nonobstetric surgery in pregnancy.
Southern medical journal 03/2010; 103(3):212-5. DOI:10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3181ce0e07 · 0.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The first laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy was a cholecystectomy in 1991. Since that time, a number of articles and case series have been published addressing laparoscopy in pregnancy. Current recommendations are on the basis of these findings, such as operating during any trimester in pregnancy can be safely performed, fetal heart monitoring should be made preoperatively and postoperatively, prophylactic tocolytics should not be used, and multiple entry techniques (Veress needle, Hasson trocar, or optical trocar) can be safely performed. This article will review anesthesia, fetal effects, obesity, complications, adnexal masses, and gastrointestinal issues.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The acute abdomen remains a challenge for all physicians who take part in the care of women in pregnancy. Obstetricians must be abreast of current topics, especially critical when having to consult other specialties for assistance in managing these conditions.
We will highlight recent observations in the literature concerning the ability to perform laparoscopy safely in pregnancy, the accuracy of diagnosing appendicitis, and new methods to accurately diagnose urolithiasis with less ionizing radiation effect on the fetus. Finally, with the proficiency of laparoscopy and choledochoscopy improving, we will review several articles underlining their safety.
Laparoscopy appears to be well tolerated in pregnancy, but larger multicenter prospective studies are required to make better recommendations concerning its use, with a registry needed to facilitate this endeavor. Conservative management of gallstone pancreatitis may fall out of favor, and choledochoscopy for symptomatic gallstones in the biliary tree may become the treatment of choice. Most cases of urolithiasis resolve with conservative management, but the possibility of preterm labor in these patients must be recognized and newer imaging techniques for diagnosis containing less radiation be used. Adnexal torsion in pregnancy may be another condition that is managed through the laparoscope as the gynecologic community's laparoscopic skills improve.
Current opinion in obstetrics & gynecology 01/2009; 20(6):534-9. DOI:10.1097/GCO.0b013e328317c735 · 2.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Numerous physiologic changes in pregnancy may affect the presentation of abdominal pain in pregnancy. A high index of suspicion must be used when evaluating a pregnant patient with abdominal pain. General anesthesia is considered safe in pregnancy. Intraoperative monitoring and tocolytics should be individualized. Laparoscopic surgery should be performed in the second trimester when possible and appears as safe as laparotomy. If indicated, diagnostic imaging should not be withheld from the pregnant patient. Appendectomy and cholecystectomy appear to be safe in pregnancy. The reported incidence of adnexal masses and fibroids in pregnancy may increase with increasing use of first-trimester ultrasound. Conservative management, with surgical management postpartum, appears reasonable in most cases.
Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America 10/2007; 34(3):389-402, x. DOI:10.1016/j.ogc.2007.06.002 · 1.38 Impact Factor