[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The POU5F1 gene encodes the octamer-binding transcription factor-4 (Oct4). It is crucial in the regulation of pluripotency during embryonic development and widely used as molecular marker of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). The objective of this study was to identify and to analyse the promoter region of rabbit POU5F1 gene; furthermore to examine its expression pattern in preimplantation stage rabbit embryos.
The upstream region of rabbit POU5F1 was subcloned sequenced and four highly conserved promoter regions (CR1-4) were identified. The highest degree of similarity on sequence level was found among the conserved domains between rabbit and human. Among the enhancers the proximal enhancer region (PE-1A) exhibited the highest degree of homology (96.4%). Furthermore, the CR4 regulator domain containing the distal enhancer (DE-2A) was responsible for stem cell-specific expression. Also, BAC library screen revealed the existence of a processed pseudogene of rabbit POU5F1. The results of quantitative real-time PCR experiments showed that POU5F1 mRNA was abundantly present in oocytes and zygotes, but it was gradually reduced until the activation of the embryonic genome, thereafter a continuous increase in POU5F1 mRNA level was observed until blastocyst stage. By using the XYClone laser system the inner cell mass (ICM) and trophoblast portions of embryos were microdissected and examined separately and POU5F1 mRNA was detected in both cell types.
In this study we provide a comparative sequence analysis of the regulatory region of rabbit POU5F1 gene. Our data suggest that the POU5F1 gene is strictly regulated during early mammalian development. We proposed that the well conserved CR4 region containing the DE-2A enhancer is responsible for the highly conserved ESC specific gene expression. Notably, we are the first to report that the rabbit POU5F1 is not restricted to ICM cells only, but it is expressed in trophoblast cells as well. This information may be well applicable to investigate further the possible phylogenetic role and the regulation of POU5F1 gene.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mxi1 belongs to the Myc/Max/Mad network of proteins that have been implicated in the control of multiple aspects of cellular behavior. Previously, we had reported that the mouse mxi1 gene gives rise to two distinct transcript forms that can encode proteins with dramatically different functional abilities. The Mxi1-SR protein (here termed Mxi1-SRbeta) can interact with Sin3/histone deacetylase and function as a potent transcriptional repressor and growth suppressor, while the Mxi1-WR protein lacks these activities. Here, we describe a new mxi1-derived transcript form (termed mxi1-SRalpha) whose expression is governed by its own promoter, resulting in a spatiotemporally distinct expression profile from that of the highly related mxi1-SRbeta form. Moreover, the Mxi1-SRalpha protein product, with its unique Sin3 interacting domain, has a greater affinity than its Mxi1-SRbeta counterpart for the Sin3 adapter proteins as well as an enhanced potential for transcriptional repression in transient reporter assays. Our identification of this novel Mxi1 isoform that results from alternative 5' exon usage adds an additional layer of complexity to the Mad/Mxi1 family. In addition, our findings warrant re-evaluation of mxi1 expression patterns on the cellular level and its status in human cancer samples, with a renewed focus on the distinct isoforms.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This dynamic symposium, held on 11-16 February 2003 in Taos, New Mexico, was the first Keystone meeting to focus on optical techniques and their use in biology and medicine. It was organized by D. Becker, D. Farkas and S. Fraser and attracted almost 100 participants from both academia and industry. Fluorescence imaging and its applications, ranging from nano-bioscience to small-animal imaging and imaging of disease progression in humans, were the main topics, with opportunities for further discussion in the cantinas of the town and on the ski slopes of Taos mountain.