Yue-Hua Li

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (19)34.01 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The detection rate of prostate cancer (PCa) using traditional biopsy guided by transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) is not satisfactory. The aim of this study was to determine the utility of 3-Tesla (3-T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) prior to TRUS-guided prostate biopsy and to investigate which subgroup of patients had the most evident improvement in PCa detection rate. A total of 420 patients underwent 3-T MRI examination prior to the first prostate biopsy and the positions of suspicious areas were recorded respectively. TRUS-guided biopsy regimes included systematic 12-core biopsy and targeted biopsy identified by MRI. Patients were divided into subgroups according to their serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, PSA density (PSAD), prostate volume, TRUS findings and digital rectal examination (DRE) findings. The ability of MRI to improve the cancer detection rate was evaluated. The biopsy positive rate of PCa was 41.2% (173/420), and 41 of the 173 (23.7%) patients were detected only by targeted biopsy in the MRI-suspicious area. Compared with the systematic biopsy, the positive rate was significantly improved by the additional targeted biopsy (P=0.0033). The highest improvement of detection rate was observed in patients with a PSA level of 4-10 ng/ml, PSAD of 0.12-0.20 ng/ml(2), prostate volume >50 ml, negative TRUS findings and negative DRE findings (P<0.05). Therefore, it is considered that 3-T MRI examination could improve the PCa detection rate on first biopsy, particularly in patients with a PSA level of 4-10 ng/ml, PSAD of 0.12-0.20 ng/ml(2), prostate volume of >50 ml, negative TRUS findings and negative DRE findings.
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine 01/2015; 9(1):207-212. DOI:10.3892/etm.2014.2061 · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intravenous administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is approved treatment for acute ischemic stroke <3 h of symptom onset.
    Acta Radiologica 09/2014; DOI:10.1177/0284185114545151 · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate age-related iron deposition changes in healthy subjects and Alzheimer disease patients using susceptibility weighted imaging. The study recruited 182 people, including 143 healthy volunteers and 39 Alzheimer disease patients. All underwent conventional magnetic resonance imaging and susceptibility weighted imaging sequences. The groups were divided according to age. Phase images were used to investigate iron deposition in the bilateral head of the caudate nucleus, globus pallidus and putamen, and the angle radian value was calculated. We hypothesized that age-related iron deposition changes may be different between Alzheimer disease patients and controls of the same age, and that susceptibility weighted imaging would be a more sensitive method of iron deposition quantification. The results revealed that iron deposition in the globus pallidus increased with age, up to 40 years. In the head of the caudate nucleus, iron deposition peaked at 60 years. There was a general increasing trend with age in the putamen, up to 50-70 years old. There was significant difference between the control and Alzheimer disease groups in the bilateral globus pallidus in both the 60-70 and 70-80 year old group comparisons. In conclusion, iron deposition increased with age in the globus pallidus, the head of the caudate nucleus and putamen, reaching a plateau at different ages. Furthermore, comparisons between the control and Alzheimer disease group revealed that iron deposition changes were more easily detected in the globus pallidus.
    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 04/2014; 59(2). DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2014.04.002 · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between abnormality on susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) and newly-developed depression after mild traumatic brain injury. The study registered 200 patients with closed TBI and normal finding at CT and conventional MRI. All patients underwent MRI including conventional MR sequences and SWI. The number and volume of microbleed lesions were semi-automatically outlined and manually counted. All patients were followed up with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-IV) within 1 year after TBI. The difference in microbleed lesions on SWI was compared between the depressive and non-depressive groups. The depressive group had a higher rate of abnormality on SWI than did the non-depressive group (p < 0.001). Among patients that had exhibited microbleed lesions, the number and volume of lesions were greater in the depressive group than the non-depressive group (both p < 0.001). These differences in numbers and volume of lesions were found only at the frontal, parietal and temporal lobes (all p < 0.001). Among patients that had exhibited microbleed lesions, the number and volume of lesions in other areas were not significantly different between the depressive and non-depressive groups (all p > 0.05). In conclusion, SWI was useful to identify the microbleed lesions after mild TBI. The distribution range and location of microbleed lesions were correlated with depression after TBI.
    Neurological Sciences 04/2014; 35(10). DOI:10.1007/s10072-014-1788-3 · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To test 2 hypotheses: first, that coronary distensibility can be measured noninvasively using 64-slice computed tomographic angiography (CTA); and second, that the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) in any individual patient is related to the degree of distensibility detected by CTA. Computed tomographic angiography was performed in 30 healthy adults and in 30 patients. All subjects were younger than 55 years. The main lesion located in the left anterior descending branch in patients with CAD. The cross-sectional coronary area of the left main and the left anterior descending arteries were measured in each phase (5%-95%, 10% each), and any change in the ratio was quantified. A distensibility value (D value) was determined for each artery. Compared with healthy subjects, the coronary area of the patients with CAD was significantly decreased in 65% to 85% (P < 0.05). There was a significant difference in the D value between healthy subjects and patients with both single-vessel and 2-vessel disease (P < 0.05). Coronary artery distensibility can be measured noninvasively using data obtained from CTA. The distensibility of the coronary artery decreased with the increasing number of involved pathological coronary vessels. The distensibility of the coronary artery correlated with the extent of CAD.
    Journal of computer assisted tomography 03/2014; DOI:10.1097/RCT.0000000000000068 · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors evaluated the effect of susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) for antiplatelet therapy on post-thrombolysis microbleeds (MB). A total of 146 patients without symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage on computed tomography after thrombolysis were allocated to two groups: group A (n = 72) received antiplatelets 24 h after recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, regardless of SWI-detected haemorrhage; group B (n = 74) received antiplatelets for patients without SWI-visualised haemorrhage. Haemorrhage was detected by SWI in 22 and 28 patients in groups A and B, respectively. The difference in mean NIHSS (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale) score in group A between baseline and 6, 24 h, 7, 14 days was -1.6, -1.7, -3.6, -5.9, respectively; in group B, the difference in mean NIHSS score between baseline and 6, 24 h, 7, 14 days was -2.6, -3.3, -5.4, -8.7, respectively. The difference between groups in reduction of mean NIHSS score from baseline was 1.0 (p < 0.001) at 6 h, 1.6 (p < 0.001) at 24 h, 1.8 (p = 0.001) at 7 days and 2.8 (p < 0.001) at 14 days. NIHSS scores at 7, 14 days and modified Rankin scale at 90 days were significantly lower in haemorrhage patients in groups B than in A, whereas the hospital stay was shorter and the rate of favourable outcome at 90 days was higher. Our results indicated that SWI was an effective approach for the guidance of antiplatelet therapy in post-thrombolysis MB.
    La radiologia medica 12/2013; 119(3). DOI:10.1007/s11547-013-0328-1 · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To use DCE-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging to evaluate the hyperbaric oxygen efficacy (HBO) in experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI). Forty-two rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: TBI, TBI + HBO, sham group, sham + HBO. The TBI + HBO and sham + HBO received a total of 10 HBO treatments within 7 days following TBI, and MRI was performed within a month after TBI. Functional assessments were performed pre-TBI, and at 1 and 30 days. In focal lesion area, K(trans) in TBI + HBO group was lower than TBI group at both acute and subacute phase (p < 0.05). ADC was higher in TBI + HBO group than TBI group at acute phase (p < 0.01), but lower at subacute phase (p < 0.05). In perifocal area, K(trans) were lower in TBI + HBO group than TBI group at acute phase (p < 0.01) after TBI. ADC was lower in the TBI + HBO group than in the TBI group at both acute and subacute phase (p < 0.01).The VCS was higher in TBI + HBO group than TBI group at 30 days (p < 0.05). HBO could improve the impaired BBB and cytotoxic edema after TBI and promote the recovery of neurofunction.
    Neurological Sciences 08/2013; 35(2). DOI:10.1007/s10072-013-1514-6 · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIM: This study aimed to investigate the anatomy and mechanism of pseudolesions around falciform ligament, which appeared on dynamic contrast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. METHODS: A total of 30 cases were included in the normal control group (group 1), and 30 cases were enrolled into the liver cirrhosis group (group 2). All cases underwent MR examination including in-phase and out-phase T1-weighted image, T2-weighted fat-suppressed image, and dynamic MR imaging enhancement scanning. The MR images were analyzed to detect pseudolesions, and results from the 2 groups were compared. An ultrasound examination was also performed in all cases to assess the abdominal umbilical vein blood flow. RESULTS: In group 1, MR images detected pseudolesions in 13 cases, and signal reduction did not appear in out-phase MR images compared with in-phase MR images. In 5 of these cases, the umbilical vein was observed to be connected with the hepatic IV segment, and direction flow was toward hepatic during Doppler ultrasound examination. In the 30 patients with liver cirrhosis, pseudolesions were not detected in any of the cases, dilation of the vena epigastricas was observed in 12 cases, and flow direction was from liver. The difference in the incidence of falciform ligament pseudolesions between group 1 and group 2 was statistically significant (P > 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Pseudolesions around the falciform ligament are associated with the Sappey vein, and there is no significant relationship with fatty infiltration.
    Journal of computer assisted tomography 03/2013; 37(2):149-153. DOI:10.1097/RCT.0b013e318281114f · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To quantify iron deposition in Alzheimer's disease (AD), amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), and control individuals using susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI). Materials and Methods: Sixty participants (22 aMCI, 20 AD, 18 normal controls) underwent conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and SWI using axial/oblique coronal sequences. Phase images were used to calculate bilateral iron deposition in 18 regions of interest (ROI). The radian angle value was calculated and compared between the three participant groups. Results: The difference in radian angle value was significant between the aMCI and control groups in the left (L)-hippocampus, L-head of the caudate nucleus, R-lenticular nucleus, L-lenticular nucleus (P =0.02239, <0. 001, 0.03571, 0.00943, respectively). The difference in radian angle value was significant between the AD and aMCI groups in the R-cerebellar hemisphere, L-cerebellar hemisphere, R-hippocampus, L-hippocampus, R-red nucleus, R-thalamus, L-thalamus, and splenium of corpus callosum (P =0.02754, 0.01839, 0.00934, 0.04316, 0.02472, 0.00152, <0.001, 0.01448, respectively). Pearson correlation coefficients of the Mini-Mental State Examination score were all significant for the bilateral cerebellar hemisphere, hippocampus, red nucleus, lenticular nucleus, thalamus, R-head of the caudate nucleus, and splenium of corpus callosum. Conclusion: Iron deposition in the hippocampus, head of the caudate nucleuslenticular nucleus, and thalamus are significantly different between individuals with aMCI, AD, and controls. The thalamus is a particularly sensitive area. Using SWI to quantify the iron deposition is a useful tool in detecting aMCI and AD.
    Neurology India 01/2013; 61(1):26-34. DOI:10.4103/0028-3886.107924 · 1.08 Impact Factor
  • Xuan Wang, Yue-Hua Li, Ming-Hua Li, Jing Lu
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Purpose: With the technology of magnetic resonance improving, more intricate details of the intracranial anatomy can be visualized. We investigated the visibility and anatomic features of the normal cranial nerves, using high-resolution 3D-SPACE imaging. Materials and Methods: The subjects, 24 healthy volunteers without neurological diseases, all underwent magnetic resonance examination at 3 T using a 32-channel coil to visualize the cisternal segments of the cranial nerves. Two different sequences were used including: conventional 3D-TSE (voxel size, 0.7×0.7×0.7 mm) and 3D-SPACE (voxel size, 0.7×0.7×0.7 mm). The visibilities of the cranial nerves were graded as “distinct,” “probable,” and “blurred” using a qualitative scale of certainty; the Fisher exact χ2 test was used. Results: The display rates on the 3D-SPACE images were 85.41% for IV, 87.50% for IX, 79.16% for X, 72.91% for XI, and 68.75% for XII, compared with display rates of 43.75% for IV, 66.66% for IX, 33.33% for X, 45.83% for XI, and 39.58% for XII on the 3D-TSE images. No statistical difference was observed between the 2 sequences in the detection of some cranial nerves including II, III, V, VI, VII, and VIII (P>0.05). However, there was statistically significant difference in detection of other cranial nerves including IV, IX, X, XI, and XII (P<0.05). For these cranial nerves, their origins and paths were displayed more clearly by the 3D-SPACE sequence. Conclusions: The 3D-SPACE sequence combined with a 32-channel coil demonstrated the cisternal segments of the cranial nerves suitability within acceptable scan times.
    Neurosurgery Quarterly 01/2013; 23(4):268-274. DOI:10.1097/WNQ.0b013e318275e2cc · 0.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To quantify age-dependent iron deposition changes in healthy subjects using Susceptibility Weighted Imaging (SWI). In total, 143 healthy volunteers were enrolled. All underwent conventional MR and SWI sequences. Subjects were divided into eight groups according to age. Using phase images to quantify iron deposition in the head of the caudate nucleus and the lenticular nucleus, the angle radian value was calculated and compared between groups. ANOVA/Pearson correlation coefficient linear regression analysis and polynomial fitting were performed to analyze the relationship between iron deposition in the head of the caudate nucleus and lenticular nucleus with age. Iron deposition in the lenticular nucleus increased in individuals aged up to 40 years, but did not change in those aged over 40 years once a peak had been reached. In the head of the caudate nucleus, iron deposition peaked at 60 years (p<0.05). The correlation coefficients for iron deposition in the L-head of the caudate nucleus, R-head of the caudate nucleus, L-lenticular nucleus and R-lenticular nucleus with age were 0.67691, 0.48585, 0.5228 and 0.5228 (p<0.001, respectively). Linear regression analyses showed a significant correlation between iron deposition levels in with age groups. Iron deposition in the lenticular nucleus was found to increase with age, reaching a plateau at 40 years. Iron deposition in the head of the caudate nucleus also increased with age, reaching a plateau at 60 years.
    PLoS ONE 11/2012; 7(11):e50706. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0050706 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To evaluate treatment decision-making based on susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) in patients with hemorrhage after thrombolysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-six patients without intracranial hemorrhage on CT after receiving recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) were allocated to two groups: antiplatelets (n=72), who received antiplatelet therapy 24h after rt-PA for 10 days; and non-antiplatelets (n=74), who received no antiplatelet therapy. Twenty-two patients with SWI-detected microbleeds (MBs) or hemorrhagic transformation (HT) in the antiplatelets group (Group A) and 28 with MB or HT in the non-antiplatelets group (Group B) were included in this study. RESULTS: Sixteen patients had MB and six HT in Group A; 18 had MB, six HT, and four parenchymal hemorrhage (PH) in Group B. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores at 7 and 14 days and the Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 90 days post-rt-PA were significantly lower in Group B than in Group A, duration of hospitalization was significantly shorter, and the favorable outcome rate was higher at 90 days (P<0.05). There were no other significant differences. SWI evaluation at 14 days revealed eight patients with MB, 11 HT, and three PH in Group A; in Group B, 16 had MB, five HT, and one PH, with resolution of hemorrhage in six patients. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment decision-making based on SWI in acute stroke after thrombolysis was validated by the significantly reduced NIHSS score after 7/14 days, improved outcome, and reduced mRS in hemorrhage patients without antiplatelet therapy.
    European journal of radiology 08/2012; 81(12). DOI:10.1016/j.ejrad.2012.08.002 · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and its quantitative coefficient (K(trans)) in the assessment of the extent of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in a rabbit model. A weight-drop device (height, 20 cm) was used with varying impact force, 30-, 60-, or 90-g weight, to induce mild, moderate, or severe TBI, respectively. DCE-MRI and T2-weighted MRI was used to examine the injured groups and a sham group 1 day after TBI. We analyzed the relationship between K(trans) and the lesion volume on the basis of T2-weighted images in each group. The lesion volumes in both the severe and the moderate injury groups were greater than those observed in the mild injury group (p < 0.01). Furthermore, the lesion volumes in the severe injury group tended to be greater than those seen in the moderate injury group (p = 0.053). The K(trans) values in all injury groups were greater than those observed in the sham group (p < 0.01). In addition, the K(trans) values in the severe and moderate injury groups were greater than those of the mild injury group (p < 0.01), and the values seen in the severe injury group tended to be greater than those of the moderate injury group (p = 0.08). Moreover, we observed a correlation between the K(trans) value and lesion volume in all injury groups (mild injury group: r = 0.766, p = 0.01; moderate injury group: r = 0.731, p = 0.04; and severe injury group: r = 0.886, p = 0.019). DCE-MRI and its quantitative coefficient, K(trans), have the potential to accurately assess the blood-brain barrier and the extent of injury in an in vivo model of TBI.
    The Journal of trauma 12/2011; 71(6):1645-50; discussion 1650-1. DOI:10.1097/TA.0b013e31823498eb · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the value of readout-segmented echo-planar imaging (rs-EPI) with parallel imaging and a two-dimensional (2D) navigator-based reacquisition technique in the detection of brain lesions at the skull base. A total of 54 patients (male 37, female 17) with suspected skull-base intracranial lesions underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including pre-T1 weighted imaging, T2-weighted imaging, Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR), standard single shot echo-planar imaging diffusion weighted imaging (ss-EPI DWI) and rs-EPI DWI, post-contrast T1-weighted. The total number of lesions and the number of lesions at different sites on all MRI sequences were used as reference measures. Then differences in detecting lesions and image quality between standard ss-EPI DWI and rs-EPI DWI were analyzed. There was a significant difference in the total number of lesions detected by rs-EPI DWI and standard ss-EPI DWI (P = 0.01). But this difference was mainly due to an improved ability of rs-EPI DWI to detect lesions located in the anterior cranial fossa, compared to ss-EPI DWI (P=0.02); the ability of ss-EPI and rs-EPI DWI to detect lesions in the middle cranial fossa and posterior cranial fossa was not significantly different (P = 0.471, P = 0.486, respectively). For image quality, rs-EPI images were significantly better than standard ss-EPI DWI images (P<0.001). The rs-EPI DWI technique is a useful tool for the detection and evaluation of lesions located at the skull base.
    Neurology India 11/2011; 59(6):839-43. DOI:10.4103/0028-3886.91361 · 1.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We use multiple MRI modalities to measure cerebral edema and intracerebral hemorrhage quantitatively after TBI in rabbits and to acquire the early prognostic MRI information. Multiple MRI modalities (DCE-MRI, DWI and SWI) were used to assess cerebral edema and intracerebral hemorrhage quantitatively at different time points within a month after TBI in 15 rabbits. The functional outcomes were evaluated at 1 and 30 days after TBI. The relationships between the quantitative MRI information at different time points and functional outcome at 30 days were analyzed. The volume transfer coefficient (K (trans)) in the focal lesion area and the perifocal lesion area at the acute phase correlated with the functional outcome at 30 days (p < 0.05). The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value at 7 days in the focal lesion area correlated with the functional outcome at 30 days (p < 0.01) and had a trend to correlate at 3 days (p = 0.08). In the perifocal lesion area, the ADC values at both acute and subacute phase correlated with the functional outcome at 30 days (p < 0.05). The volume of hemorrhage correlated with functional outcome at 30 days (p < 0.05). The cerebral edema assessed by DCE-MRI (K (trans)) and DWI (ADC) and intracerebral hemorrhage assessed by SWI may have predictive values.
    Neurological Sciences 09/2011; 33(4):731-40. DOI:10.1007/s10072-011-0768-0 · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract To understand the dynamics of brain edema in different areas after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rabbit, we used dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to monitor blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability and cytotoxic brain edema after weight drop-induced TBI in rabbit. The dynamics of BBB permeability and brain edema were quantified using K(trans) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in the focal and perifocal lesion areas, as well as the area contralateral to the lesion. In the focal lesion area, K(trans) began to increase at 3 h post-TBI, peaked at 3 days, and decreased gradually while remaining higher than sham injury animals at 7 and 30 days. ADC was more variable, increased slightly at 3 h, decreased to its lowest value at 7 days, then increased to a peak at 30 days. In the perifocal lesion area, K(trans) began to increase at 1 day, peaked at 3-7 days, and returned to control level by 30 days. ADC showed a trend to increase at 1 day, followed by a continuous increase thereafter. In the contralateral area, no changes in K(trans) and ADC were observed at any time-point. These data demonstrate that different types of brain edema predominate in the focal and perifocal lesion areas. Specifically cytotoxic edema was predominant in the focal lesion area while vasogenic edema predominated in the perifocal area in acute phase. Furthermore, secondary opening of the BBB after TBI may appear if secondary injury is not controlled. BBB damage may be a driving force for cytotoxic brain edema and could be a new target for TBI intervention.
    Journal of neurotrauma 06/2011; 29(14):2413-20. DOI:10.1089/neu.2010.1510 · 3.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In recent studies, the glutamate (Glu) level has been quantified using the modified STEAM sequence on 3T MRI. We enrolled 15 healthy volunteers and a group of 51 patients who experienced stroke for the first time and had a good prognosis. The patients with infarction were divided into three groups according to their scores by using the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder and the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS). We studied the association between post-stroke depression and (1)H-MRS measurements in unaffected frontal lobes. Single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) was performed to assess N-acetylaspartate/creatine (NAA)/Cr, (Glu)/Cr, choline (Cho)/Cr, and myoinositol (mI)/Cr ratios in stroke patients. The 11 patients (21.5%) who met the criteria for depression and 9 patients (17.6%) who had a high score for HDRS, (>14) but were not depressed, had a significantly higher Glu/Cr ratio than patients who scored ≤14 on HDRS and control groups (p < 0.001). No differences were found in NAA/Cr, Cho/Cr, or mI/Cr between the groups after stroke. These findings suggest that post-stroke depression is accompanied by changes in glutamate levels in the frontal lobe.
    European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 03/2011; 262(1):33-8. DOI:10.1007/s00406-011-0209-3 · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety of thrombolysis with rt-PA in acute ischemic strokes during a 12-hour time window using an ultrafast MR protocol. Forty-six patients who met the clinical criteria (acute ischemic stroke within 12 hours after symptom onset; National Institutes of Health stroke scale score (NIHSS) of 4 to 22 and no intracranial hemorrhage on CT) and MRI selection criteria (acute ischemic stroke except lacunar and large DWI lesion) were treated with intravenous rt-PA. MRI was performed before rt-PA, and at 24 hours, 7 days, and 14 days after stroke. Clinical status was assessed using the NIHSS and Modified Rankin scale (mRS). From 46 MRI-selected rt-PA patients, 43.5% (n= 20) were treated ≤3 hours (group A) and 56.5% (n= 26) after 3 to 12 hours (group B). No patients experienced symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and the mortality rate was zero. No significant differences in age, gender, MRI lesion volumes, NIHSS score, and mRS were found between the 2 groups. Forty-five percent of the patients in group A and 46% in group B experienced a favorable outcome (P= .938). Our results demonstrated the safety of thrombolysis with rt-PA in selected stroke patients within a 12-hour time window using an ultrafast MR protocol.
    Journal of neuroimaging: official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging 12/2010; 21(4):332-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1552-6569.2010.00544.x · 1.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the outcomes of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based thrombolysis using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in patients with acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in 3-6 hours. MRI-selected patients (n=15) with acute ischemic stroke in MCA divided into two groups (<or=3 h and 3-6 h) were treated with intravenous rt-PA. MR was performed before rt-PA, at 24 hours, 7 days, and 14 days after stroke. Recanalization was assessed 24 h after thrombolysis, and clinical status was evaluated before rt-PA treatment, 6 hours, 24 hours, 7 days, and 14 days after thrombolysis by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). Modified rankin scale (MRS) was used to assess clinical outcome at 30 and 90 days after thrombolysis. There was no significant between <or=3 h and 3-6 h group in length of hospital stay, recanalization, MRS, and favorable outcome at 90 days. Recanalization within 24 hours occurred in 9 (60%), and nonrecanalization in 6 (40%). One patient in recanalization group and three in nonrecanalization group had an asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) within 24 h after thrombolysis (P=0.235). Recanalization with thrombolysis was associated with a better outcome regardless of the time point of rt-PA treatment. Comparison with nonrecanalization group, recanalization was also associated with a lower NIHSS score at 14 days (P=0.003), a lower TIMI grade at 7 days (P<0.001), and a shorter length of hospital stay (P=0.018). Our study suggested that MR-based thrombolysis using rt-PA was safe and reliable in patients with acute MCA occlusion in 3-6 hours.
    Neurology India 07/2009; 57(4):426-33. DOI:10.4103/0028-3886.55615 · 1.08 Impact Factor