[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is important to get the quality of life or well being to the elderly who reached the fourth age - 80 years or more - with autonomy and independence. However, as people grow old, reliance on family care for the elderly becomes more frequent. OBJETIVE: This study aimed to assess family dynamics, quality of life and lifestyle of elderly at the fourth age and of their family caregivers. Method: Descriptive study involving 100 elderly and their caregivers. Data were collected by applying the Family Caregiver Profile Questionnaire, Family APGAR, Whoqol-Old, Whoqol-Bref and Nahas Lifestyle. RESULTS: The elderly sample comprised mostly women, with mean age of 84 years, mostly of all with hypertension and heart diseases. Caregivers (67%) lived in the elderly's household, were mostly women, daughters and granddaughters; 20% were elderly caregivers partners from both sexes. Although caregivers have reported good health and quality of life at a good level, their lifestyle was regular. According to the elderly, families have high dysfunctionality, although they had better levels of quality life in some areas and facets. CONCLUSION: Based on the research it was possible to identify the needs of redirecting to the public and social policies, in favor of a supporting network to the aged population and their family.
Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia. 12/2012; 16(2):315-325.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study was to identify the cognitive and health conditions of elderly participants in community center groups in a northern city in Rio Grande do Sul. The study is a descriptive cross-sectional research, performed with 85 elderly participants attending community center groups. Two instruments were used for data collection. One instrument gathered sociodemographic data and included the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Descriptive statistics were used in data analysis. Results indicated a female predominance 79 (92.9%), with 52 participants within the age bracket 60-69 years (61.2%); 46 were widowed (54.1%), 45 had four to seven years of formal education (52.9%) and 53 were living with companions (62.4%). Hypertension and varicose veins, in addition to fall events 34 (40%) stood out among the diseases/conditions determined to affect participants in this study. The MMSE demonstrated that 20 (23.6%) of the elderly people presented with cognitive decline. Results point out the need for guided interventions to maintain functional capacity and autonomy in the elderly.
Revista gaúcha de enfermagem / EENFUFRGS 12/2012; 33(4):64-71.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This investigation aimed to evaluate the quality of life and the cognitive level of elderly participants in conviviality groups in a city of Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. The cognitive approach was used in this study, which included 85 elderly. The Mini-exam of Mental State was used for the data collection and the Short-Form Health Survey-36. The data was analyzed according to the descriptive statistics. The results show a predominance of females, between the ages of 60 and 69, widows, the ones who attended from four to seven years of formal education and that receive from one to three minimum wages income. The results of MEEM indicates that 23.6% of the study participants have a cognitive decline. The values of the domains assessed by SF 36 showed that the worst average is presented in the pain item (30.47); in the social aspects domain the value was 56.74; the mental health item reached 59,36, while the general health state and vitality presented the same average, 58.29. The domain of emotional aspects stands out with the best averages (69.82) and physical aspects (73.82). The results amplify the knowledge about the quality of life of elderly people participating of group activities and subsidize the developing of strategies towards the promotion of active aging.
Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia. 09/2012; 15(3):481-492.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective this study is to describe the actions and intervention projects in mental health in the health services of the cities that are part of Rio Grande do Sul's 15th Regional Health Coordinating Body (15a Coordenadoria Regional de Saúde). This is an exploratory, descriptive and qualitative research. A questionnaire was applied to health professionals and managers who were part of regional mental health forums. From the content analysis as proposed by Minayo, the following categories emerged- one which describes mental health care in the health services of the municipalities, including aspects related to mental disorders, to the organization of the mental health team, to the main developed actions and to the difficulties found; the other category is about intervention projects in mental health that, according to the subjects, will be implanted in the cities. Relevant points the regional network of mental health care were identified which will be helpful in planning and improving care.
Revista gaúcha de enfermagem / EENFUFRGS 03/2012; 33(1):11-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: to know the nurses’ understanding regards to sepsis; to identify the triggering factors in the viewpoint of nurses and the nursing precautions implemented to the patient to avoid it. Methodology: this is about a descriptive study, from qualitative approach. The sample is comprised by six nurses that work or worked in intensive care units. The information was obtained through semi-structured interviews and analyzed by following the method of analysis. The project was approved by the Ethics Committee in Research of Unijuí (119/2010). Results: from the content analysis it was possible to group the content by a convergence of ideas emerging category which covers the concept, precipitating factors and interventions to sepsis from the viewpoint of nurses. Conclusions: the researched people have sufficient understanding in relation to the subject of analysis, seeing that it is for them to know how to properly take care of the patient to avoid a rise in cases of sepsis that are directly related to quality of care.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: to analyze published articles on the internet, between 1997and 2007, according to a health and life quality in companies. Methodology: this is about a systematic review study. The selection of articles occurred through the internet, accessed on the Health Virtual Library–Bireme (Scielo e Lilacs), with these key words: worker health X health quality program at work. Results: it were found six articles that explained the subject. The dates were analyzed according to the thematic analysis, emerging the theme: worker health and health quality life at work. Conclusion: it shows that the necessity of the companies to become more competitive in the work market and look for an incessant search quality. This linked to the work has the objective to humanize the relations that the people establish on your day by day, to drive at the same time their and the company interest.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Estudo de revisão sistemática com o objetivo de analisar os aspectos relativos a cuidadores familiares de pacientes portadores de Doença de Alzheimer, abordados em periódicos nacionais, disponíveis em meio eletrônico, período de 1999-2008. Os dados foram obtidos, em meio eletrônico, utilizando como descritores: Doença de Alzheimer/demência x cuidado/cuidadores x familiares x enfermagem. Foram encontrados nove trabalhos nas bases de dados: Scientific Electronic Library Online, Base de Dados de Enfermagem e Literatura Latino–Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde.A análise seguiu os preceitos da análise temática em que as informações foram agrupadas em dois temas, analisadas e interpretadas. O primeiro tema versa sobre as repercussões na vida dos familiares - presença de estresse físico e mental entre cuidadores; e o segundo discorre acerca da motivação, conhecimentos e habilidades do familiar para prestar o cuidado. Como resultados, identificamos que há repercussões na vida dos cuidadores, havendo sobrecarga física e mental. Já, motivação, conhecimentos e habilidades especiais são necessários para que o familiar possa realizar o cuidado a quem dele necessita. Conclui-se que os profissionais da saúde devem direcionar seu olhar e assumir a responsabilidade de promover uma assistência qualificada ao idoso dependente de cuidados e aos seus familiares.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: to apprehend the knowledge and the perception about mental illness under the perspective of military servers. Methods: qualitative, descriptice and analytical research, with information collected by semi-structured interview and a log. Ten military servers who work in the ostensible policing of a Military Police Battalion composed the sample. Depositions were taped, transcribed and the perceptions that were impossible to be recorded, were written on the field diary. Data analysis were according to content analysis. The project had the approval by Research Ethics Committee of the UNIJUÍ (132/2008). Results: the analysis of information formed two analytical categories. One of them deals with the conception and the knowledge about mental illness under the perspective of military servers; the other one deals with its interventions in situations of mental illness. Conclusion: it was possible to perceive that the understanding of military servers about mental illness, in part, is similar to the general population’s opinion, with no distinction between mental retardation and mental illness, as well as it happens with the notion of unpredictability and aggressiveness of the mentally ill. It shows there is a need for qualification of the servers, since they are often called to attend the mentally ill people.