ABSTRACT: To find evidence of diffuse fibrosis in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients by comparing measurements on clinical late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) studies between DCM and healthy subjects.
LGE-CMR and the Look-Locker images from 20 DCM patients and 17 healthy controls were analyzed. Blood signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), myocardium SNR, and blood-to-myocardium contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were measured on the LGE-CMR images. The optimal inversion time (TI) to null blood and myocardium was determined on the Look-Locker images. The postcontrast T(1) was estimated using a phantom study that correlated optimal TI and heart rate to T(1).
The blood SNR was lower, myocardium SNR was higher, and the blood-to-myocardium CNR was lower (6.6 +/- 0.7 vs. 10.3 +/- 0.9, P = 0.004) on DCM LGE-CMR images as compared to controls. The blood-myocardium optimal TI difference (DeltaTI) was lower (38 +/- 2 msec vs. 55 +/- 3 msec, P < 0.001) in DCM, and the estimated blood-myocardium T(1) difference (DeltaT(1)) (116 +/- 6 msec vs. 152 +/- 8 msec, P = 0.001) was also lower.
DCM patients have reduced blood-myocardium DeltaTI and DeltaT(1), and lower CNR as compared to controls, suggesting the presence of diffuse fibrosis. This may impact the interpretation of LGE data.
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 11/2009; 30(5):967-72. · 2.70 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To compare higher spatial resolution 3D late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (Cardiac MR) with 2D LGE in patients with prior myocardial infarction.
Fourteen patients were studied using high spatial resolution 3D LGE (1.3 x 1.3 x 5.0 mm(3)) and conventional 2D LGE (2 x 2 x 8 mm(3)) scans. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were measured. Total infarct volume, peri-infarct volume measured in a limited slab, and papillary muscle scar volume were compared using Bland-Altman analysis. Image quality was graded.
3D LGE had higher scar SNR (P < 0.001), higher myocardial SNR (P = 0.001), higher papillary scar-blood CNR (P = 0.01), and greater sharpness (P = 0.01). The scar volumes agreed (14.5 +/- 8.2 for 2D, vs. 13.2 +/- 8.8 for 3D), with bias +/- 2 standard deviations (SDs) of 0.5 +/- 6.8 mL, P = 0.59 R = 0.91. The peri-infarct volumes correlated but less strongly than scar (P = 0.40, R = 0.77). For patients with more heterogeneous scar, larger peri-infarct volumes were measured by 3D (1.9 +/- 1.1 mL for 2D vs. 2.4 +/- 1.6 mL for 3D, P = 0.15, in the matched region). Papillary scar, present in 6/14 (42%) patients, was more confidently identified on 3D LGE.
Higher spatial resolution 3D LGE provides sharper images and higher SNR, but less myocardial nulling. Scar volumes agree well, with peri-infarct volumes correlating less well. 3D LGE may be superior in visualization of papillary muscle scar.
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 10/2009; 30(4):794-800. · 2.70 Impact Factor
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. 01/2009;