[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Microglia plays an important role in mediating neuroinflammation in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Intervention in microglia activation may exert a neuroprotective effect. In the present study, we reported that oligomeric Abeta1-42 dramatically increased the level of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-1beta compared to monomeric and fibrillar Abeta1-42 in rat microglial cultures. Pretreatment of the cultures with triptolide, an anti-inflammatory reagent, alleviated the elevation of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta level induced by oligomeric Abeta1-42. Our results showed that oligomeric Abeta played an important role in mediating neuroinflammation and triptolide was able to suppress the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines from microglia.
Journal of Neuroimmunology 01/2009; 205(1-2):32-6. · 3.03 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Being supportive cells for neurons in the central nervous system, astrocytes have recently found to be associated with neurogenesis. Ventral mesencephalon (VM) astrocytes were also detected being instructive for VM dopaminergic (DA) neurogenesis, but the underling mechanisms are still unclear. This research is to figure out whether VM astrocytes are more efficient than those from other brain regions in inducing VM DA neurons from their precursors and whether transforming growth factor-betas (TGF-betas) are the underlying molecules. We found that, compared with astrocytes preparations from striatum and hippocampus, VM astrocytes preparations displayed markedly higher efficacy in inducing DA neurogenesis. Besides, they also expressed higher level of TGF-beta3 than those of two other regions. When TGF-beta3 gene expression in astrocytes preparations was inhibited by its antisense oligonucleotide, the induction of DA neurons decreased to a similar level among these three astrocytes preparations. Thus, our experiment indicates that VM astrocytes preparations which contained highly purified astrocytes are more efficient in inducing DA neurogenesis than those from other regions. Furthermore, it also suggests that the regional differences are regulated by different expression levels of TGF-beta3 in those astrocytes preparations from different derivations.
Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 12/2008; 37(3):288-300. · 2.89 Impact Factor