ABSTRACT: To determine whether the product of multiplying age by liver iron concentration (LIC) (fibrosis index; cut-off, 480,000), platelets, transaminases, and ferritin values are related to the risk of high grade fibrosis.
A retrospective study of 32 patients with hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) with phenotypic expression. All patients had a liver biopsy with LIC.
In 7 patients a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan (1.5 T) was obtained with LIC following Alustiza's protocol. Liver biopsy: fibrosis grade (F) 0-2 in 23 patients; F 3-4 in 9. Fibrosis index (FI) showed a specificity of 68%, sensitivity of 85.7%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 42.8%, and negative predictive value (NPV) of 94.4% for high-grade fibrosis. Platelet count ( < 200,000) revealed a NPV of 94.7% for F3-4. Aspartate transaminase (AST) levels above the upper limit of normal showed a NPV of 94.4%; ferritin levels (> 1,000) a NPV of 75%, and MRI-derived LIC x age (> 480,000) a NPV of 80%. The combination of FI (either by biopsy or MRI) with transaminases, and of platelets with transaminases revealed a NPV of 100%.
FI > 480,000 and platelets < 200,000 have the highest sensitivity for high-degree fibrosis prediction. A negative result allows to discard significant fibrosis in 94% of cases. MRI allows a good fibrosis prediction.
Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 11/2008; 100(10):611-4. · 1.55 Impact Factor