ABSTRACT: Background. Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) predominantly affects women. The necessity of treatment in SH is controversial. Objective. We aimed to investigate the response of diastolic dysfunction to thyroid hormone replacement therapy (THRT) in women. Methods and Results. Twenty-two female subjects with SH and 20 euthyroid female controls were enrolled. Baseline and follow-up biochemical, hormonal, and echocardiographic evaluations were performed. Repeat echocardiograms were performed three months after the achievement of a euthyroid status with THRT. Mean baseline myocardial performance index (MPI) was 0.27 ± 0.08 in the SH group, and 0.22 ± 0.06 in the control group (P = 0.03). MPI did not change significantly after THRT. Pulsed-wave Doppler findings were not different among the groups. However, tissue Doppler-derived mitral annular E' velocities were significantly lower in the SH group. A moderate but significant improvement was observed in E' velocities after THRT (13.2 ± 3.87 versus 14.53 ± 2.75, P = 0.04). We also observed left ventricular concentric remodeling in SH patients which was reversible with THRT. Conclusions. Tissue Doppler echocardiography may be a useful tool for monitoring the response of diastolic dysfunction to thyroid hormone replacement therapy in patients with SH. Our findings suggest that THRT may reverse diastolic dysfunction in women with SH.
Journal of thyroid research. 01/2011; 2011:654304.
ABSTRACT: To determine 24-hour ambulatory blood pressures (ABP) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and its relationship with interleukin-6 (IL-6).
Prospective controlled study.
Fifty-four PCOS patients.
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was conducted. Anthropometric, hormonal, metabolic, and inflammatory parameters, including plasma IL-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and nitric oxide (NO), were measured in each subject.
Ambulatory blood pressure and plasma IL-6, CRP, fibrinogen, and NO.
Serum IL-6 levels of PCOS women in the highest systolic blood pressure (SBP) quartile were significantly higher than those of women in the lowest SBP quartile. The high serum IL-6 levels (serum IL-6 level>or=5.1 pg/mL) were associated with a higher probability of raised SBP (>/=126 mm Hg), with an odds ratio of 2.2 (95% confidence interval 0.8-7.9). The systolic and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures were significantly related to serum IL-6 levels. The IL-6 levels were positively and significantly correlated with serum CRP levels. Interleukin-6 and CRP were negatively and significantly correlated with serum NO levels. CONLUSION(S): The results suggest that raised plasma IL-6 levels may be related to ambulatory SBP and DBP in PCOS.
Fertility and sterility 09/2009; 94(4):1437-43. · 3.97 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To determine whether or not plasma advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) are associated with known cardiovascular risk factors or carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
A prospective, controlled study.
Forty-six women with PCOS and 46 age- and body mass index-matched healthy women.
Carotid IMT was evaluated for both common carotid arteries. We measured serum levels of AOPP, homocysteine (Hcy), C-reactive protein (CRP), malonyldialdehyde (MDA), vitamin B(12), folate, lipid, and hormone profiles. The presence of insulin resistance was investigated by means of homeostasis model assessment (HOMA).
Serum AOPP, fasting insulin, HOMA index, Hcy, MDA, CRP, and carotid IMT.
The women with PCOS had significantly higher serum AOPP than control women. High AOPP was defined as equaling or exceeding the mean + 2 SD of the plasma AOPP in control subjects (56.2 pg/mLl). Carotid IMT, fasting insulin, HOMA index, Hcy, MDA, and CRP were significantly higher in PCOS patients with high AOPP than in those with normal AOPP. Fasting insulin, insulin resistance, and Hcy were independent determinants of plasma AOPP.
Increased AOPP may contribute to the increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in women with PCOS.
Fertility and sterility 11/2008; 92(4):1372-7. · 3.97 Impact Factor