[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Myocarditis and subsequent dilated cardiomyopathy are major causes of heart failure in young adults. Myocarditis in humans is highly heterogeneous in etiology. Recent studies have indicated that a subgroup of myocarditis patients may benefit from immune-targeted therapies, because autoimmunity plays an important role in myocarditis as well as contributing to the progression to cardiomyopathy and heart failure. Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 1 plays a key role in the negative regulation of both TLR- and cytokine receptor-mediated signaling, which is involved in innate immunity and subsequent adaptive immunity. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effect of SOCS1 DNA administration on experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) in mice. EAM was induced by s.c. immunization with cardiac-specific peptides derived from α myosin H chain in BALB/c mice. In contrast to control myocarditis mice, SOCS1 DNA-injected mice were protected from development of EAM and heart failure. SOCS1 DNA administration was effective for reducing the activation of autoreactive CD4(+) T cells by inhibition of the function of Ag-presenting dendritic cells. Our findings suggest that SOCS1 DNA administration has considerable therapeutic potential in individuals with autoimmune myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy.
The Journal of Immunology 07/2012; 189(4):2043-53. · 5.52 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The immune responses of T-helper (Th) and T-regulatory cells are thought to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of allergic airway inflammation observed in asthma. The correction of immune response by these cells should be considered in the prevention and treatment of asthma. Native antigen 85B (Ag85B) of mycobacteria, which cross-reacts among mycobacteria species, may play an important biological role in host-pathogen interaction since it elicits various immune responses by activation of Th cells. The current study investigated the antiallergic inflammatory effects of DNA administration of Ag85B from Mycobacterium kansasii in a mouse model of asthma. Immunization of BALB/c mice with alum-adsorbed ovalbumin followed by aspiration with aerosolized ovalbumin resulted in the development of allergic airway inflammation. Administration of Ag85B DNA before the aerosolized ovalbumin challenge protected the mice from subsequent induction of allergic airway inflammation. Serum and bronchoalveolar lavage immunoglobulin E levels, extent of eosinophil infiltration, and levels of Th2-type cytokines in Ag85B DNA-administered mice were significantly lower than those in control plasmid-immunized mice, and levels of Th1-and T-regulatory-type cytokines were enhanced by Ag85B administration. The results of this study provide evidence for the potential utility of Ag85B DNA inoculation as a novel approach for the treatment of asthma.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the increasing crisis of pandemic of infectious diseases all over the world in recent years, it is the most necessary to develop readily available vaccines even in developing countries. Since many pathogens establish their initial infections through the mucosal surface in our bodies, the induction of mucosal immune responses by vaccines are thought to be important for the prevention of infectious diseases through mucosal site. Oral administration of vaccines has abilities to elicit mucosal immune responses at mucosal tissues with various advantages such as easy skill for administration, less stressful for vaccine recipients and safer than systemic injection. Here, we show our novel strategies for inducing mucosal immune responses by oral vaccine administration.
Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 11/2008; 66(10):1873-8.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The enhancement of immune responses to vaccine antigen by adjuvants is critical for prevention of infectious disease. Here, we summarized the current status of adjuvant development and adjuvant categories like mineral salts, oil emulsion, and microorganism-derived adjuvants. Our resent study suggested that Ag85B of mycobacteria, which cross-reacts among mycobacteria species, elicits helper T-cell type 1 (Th1) immune responses as a novel adjuvant. These responses were enhanced in mice sensitized by BCG before vaccination. Since most humans have been sensitized by spontaneous infections or by vaccination with mycobacteria, these findings indicate that Ag85B is a promising adjuvant for enhancing Th1 immune responses of vaccine candidates. The study on the mechanisms of adjuvanticity will improve the development of novel vaccine adjuvants for human use.
Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 11/2008; 66(10):1915-21.