ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate early minimal enteral feeding (MEF) and gradual enteral nutrition increment on neonatal outcome of gastroschisis.
An intervention group was prospectively assessed and compared with an observational historical control group. The prospective study relied on a new protocol of enteral nutrition. According to the new protocol, MEF was initiated 5 days after bowel reintegration and milk amounts were increased 12 mL/kg/day. In the control group, enteral nutrition was delayed until resolution of postoperative ileus, and increment of feeding was not systematized.
Twenty-two patients were included in the MEF group and compared with 51 control patients. Infants in the control group had lower gestational age (36 vs 35 gestational weeks [GW], P=0.03) and birth weight (2465 vs 2200 g, P=0.05). Time to first enteral nutrition (5 vs 11.5 days, P=0.0005) was significantly shorter in the MEF group. All patients in this group were fully enteral fed at day 60, though 30.4% of patients in the control group still needed parenteral nutrition at day 60 (P=0.004). Incidence of nosocomial infection was reduced (9% of patients vs 40%, P=0.016) and hospital stay tended to be shorter in the MEF group (40 vs 54.5 days, P=0.08). In the univariate analysis, factors influencing the length of parenteral nutrition during the 2 periods were the severity of perivisceritis and new nutritional protocol. In the multivariate analysis, only nutritional protocol was significantly associated with the length of parenteral nutrition (P=0.038).
Early MEF and controlled increase of nutritional elements after bowel reintegration significantly improved outcome of gastroschisis in newborns.
Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition 05/2009; 48(5):612-7. · 2.18 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Management of patients with total intestinal aganglionosis (TIA) is a medical challenge because of their dependency on parenteral nutrition (PN). Intestinal transplantation (ITx) represents the only alternative treatment for patients with irreversible intestinal failure for achieving intestinal autonomy.
Among 66 patients who underwent ITx in our center, 12 had TIA. They received either isolated ITx (n = 4) or liver-ITx (LITx, n = 8) after 10 to 144 months of total PN. All grafts included the right colon.
After a median follow-up of 57 months, the survival rate was 62.5% in the LITx group and 100% in the ITx patients. The graft survival rate was 62.5% in the LITx group and 75% in the ITx group. All the surviving patients were fully weaned from total PN, after a median of 57 days. Pull through of the colon allograft was carried out in all patients. Fecal continence is normal in all but one of the surviving children.
These results suggest that ITx with colon grafting should be the preferred therapeutic option in TIA. Early referral to a transplantation center after diagnosis of TIA is critical to prevent PN-related cirrhosis and thereby to permit ITx, which is associated with a good survival rate.
Journal of Pediatric Surgery 11/2008; 43(10):1833-8. · 1.45 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: At Necker-Enfants malades hospital, the presence of the parents alongside the child during the immediate postoperative period has been allowed and encouraged for a number of years. In order to standardise the practices in terms of allowing parents to enter post-anaesthetic recovery rooms, nurses have drawn up a procedure to follow. In parallel, a study and a satisfaction survey have been carried out in order to measure the benefits of this approach for parents and for the child undergoing the operation.
Soins. Pediatrie, puericulture