[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: During the last few decades, marital tensions and stresses have influenced various dimensions of life. The objective of the current study was to examine the effects of combined psycho-physiological therapy (stretching therapy combined with breathing exercise) on sexual satisfaction among heterosexual men. METHODS: For this research, we used "convenience sampling" to select 80 males, who were then split equally into two groups, the intervention group and the control group, both groups containing men who had voiced a desire to be in the experimental group. For collection of data, we used an identical quasi-experimental design called the "nonequivalent control group." Therapy sessions, each lasting 90 to 120 min, were carried out on the same 3 days of the week (Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday) for a total of 20 sessions. The volunteers were selected from heterosexual men with stable relationships, who had been married a minimum of 6 months and were ages 20 to 55 years of age. Pre-tests, post-tests, and follow-up tests were conducted in a clinic at the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM  ). For assessment, we used the sexual satisfaction subscale of the ENRICH  questionnaire. RESULTS: The intervention group had better post-test scores than the control group. Also, follow-up test scores for the intervention group were marginally better than those for the control group, but the difference did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Combined psycho-physiological therapy including stretching and breathing exercise leads to improved sexual satisfaction.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To determine the seroprevalence of leptospirosis among febrile inpatient cases in northeastern Malaysia. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 999 febrile cases admitted to 10 hospitals in northeastern Malaysia. A survey using a proforma sheet was used to obtain sociodemographic and occupational information. Serum samples were screened for leptospirosis by IgM enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test (IgM ELISA) and confirmed by microscopic agglutination test (MAT). RESULTS: There was an equivalent distribution of males and females in the 999 respondents enrolled in the study. The majority were Malay (94.7%) and their mean age was 39.4 (standard deviation 17.6) years. The overall seroprevalence of leptospirosis was 8.4% (95% confidence interval (CI) 6.8-10.3) (n=84). The high-risk occupational group was found to have a higher seroprevalence, which was 56% (95% CI 45.3-66.1) (n=47). The predominant serogroup was Sejroe (82.1%, 95% CI 72.6-88.8) (n=69). CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed a possible high seroprevalence of leptospirosis among febrile cases, indicating the need to review the importance of adding leptospirosis to the case investigation of febrile illness, especially among high-risk occupational groups in Malaysia, as well as in other endemic countries.
International journal of infectious diseases: IJID: official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases 01/2013; · 2.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease. Risk factors for the disease may vary among countries. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the risk factors of leptospirosis among febrile cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 999 febrile patients admitted to 10 hospitals in northeastern Malaysia, from August 2010 to February 2011. An interviewer-guided proforma sheet on sociodemography, type of occupation and social history data was distributed to all adult patients with fever on admission. Serum sample for leptospirosis was screened by IgM Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (IgM ELISA) (test) and confirmed by Microscopic Agglutination Test (MAT). The cut-off point for positive MAT was ≥1:400 titre in single acute specimens. RESULTS: Seroprevalence of leptospirosis was 8.4% (95% CI: 6.8, 10.3) (n=84/999) by MAT. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that high risk occupation group (OR: 1.95, 95% CI: 1.22, 3.13) (p = 0.005) and history of recent recreational activity (OR: 2.36, 95% CI: 1.46, 3.85) (p <0.001) were significant associated factors for leptospirosis. CONCLUSION: This study shows a relatively high seroprevalence of leptospirosis in northeastern Malaysia. Identification of high risk occupational group and history of recent recreational activity will help to increase the index of suspicion to diagnose leptospirosis among febrile inpatients due to its mimicking other common febrile illnesses in Malaysia.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of MMT program among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Kota Bharu, Kelantan.
The study was a retrospective study based on the records of injecting drug users (IDUs) involved in the MMT program from November 2005 to 31st Jan 2008, registered at the Psychiatric Clinic of Hospital Raja Perempuan Zainab II. Opiate Treatment Index (OTI) was used as the research instrument. Repeated measures ANCOVA was used to compare the mean scores during the entry period and after completing twelve months of MMT program after adjusted for age, marital status, and level of education.
A total of 117 file records were reviewed. There was significant reduction in the mean scores after 12 months of heroin Q score, HIV Risk-taking Behavior Scale and health scale after adjusted for age, marital status, and level of education. For Heroin Q score, mean difference was 2.01 (95% CI: 1.45, 2.56), for HIV Risk-taking Behavior Scale, mean difference was 7.64 (95% CI: 6.03, 9.26), and for health scale, mean difference was 5.35(95% CI: 3.90, 6.79).
This study supports the evidence that MMT program is effective in treating heroin and opiate dependence.
Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences 10/2012; 19(4):17-22.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: AIMS: This study aims to compare microvascular endothelial function between vitamin D-deficient and nondeficient groups of patients with diabetic nephropathy. Serum levels of the inflammatory marker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were also measured. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study involved 70 patients with diabetic nephropathy; 40 were categorized into the group with nondeficient serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels [25(OH)D >50 nmol/l], whereas 30 patients were categorized to the group with deficient serum 25(OH)D (<50 nmol/l). Microvascular endothelial function was determined using laser Doppler fluximetry and the process of iontophoresis. Acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside were used to determine endothelium-dependent and independent vasodilatation. RESULTS: Mean age of patients was 56.7 ± 3.8 years; 50 were men, whereas 20 were women. Mean serum 25(OH)D in the vitamin D-nondeficient group was 69.4 ± 2.9 nmol/l; the level in the vitamin D-deficient group was 42.1 ± 1.3 nmol/l, P < 0.001. Endothelium-dependent vasodilatation was lower in the vitamin D-deficient group compared with the vitamin D-nondeficient group (23.6 ± 2.7 versus 37.3 ± 3.8 arbitrary units, P = 0.004). No significant differences were observed between the two groups in their hsCRP levels, mean age, estimated glomerular filtration rate, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and glycosylated haemoglobin. CONCLUSION: Microvascular endothelial function was significantly reduced in diabetic nephropathy patients with deficient vitamin D levels compared with those with nondeficient levels.
Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 09/2012; · 2.66 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder caused by mutations in the SMN1 gene. The SMN2 gene is highly homologous to SMN1 and has been reported to be correlated with severity of the disease. The clinical presentation of SMA varies from severe to mild, with three clinical subtypes (type I, type II, and type III) that are assigned according to age of onset and severity of the disease. Here, we aim to investigate the potential association between the number of copies of SMN2 and the deletion in the NAIP gene with the clinical severity of SMA in patients of Malaysian origin. Forty-two SMA patients (14 of type I, 20 type II, and 8 type III) carrying deletions of the SMN1 gene were enrolled in this study. SMN2 copy number was determined by fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay. Twenty-nine percent of type I patients carried one copy of SMN2, while the remaining 71% carried two copies. Among the type II and type III SMA patients, 29% of cases carried two copies of the gene, while 71% carried three or four copies of SMN2. Deletion analysis of NAIP showed that 50% of type I SMA patients had a homozygous deletion of exon 5 of this gene and that only 10% of type II SMA cases carried a homozygous deletion, while all type III patients carried intact copies of the NAIP gene. We conclude that there exists a close relationship between SMN2 copy number and SMA disease severity, suggesting that the determination of SMN2 copy number may be a good predictor of SMA disease type. Furthermore, NAIP gene deletion was found to be associated with SMA severity. In conclusion, combining the analysis of deletion of NAIP with the assessment of SMN2 copy number increases the value of this tool in predicting the severity of SMA.
Brain & development 11/2008; 31(1):42-5. · 1.74 Impact Factor