[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To overcome the limitations of existing models, we developed a novel experimental in vivo platform for replacing mouse liver with functioning human liver tissue. To do this, a herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSVtk) transgene was expressed within the liver of highly immunodeficient NOG mice (TK-NOG). Mouse liver cells expressing this transgene were ablated after a brief exposure to a non-toxic dose of ganciclovir (GCV), and transplanted human liver cells are stably maintained within the liver (humanized TK-NOG) without exogenous drug. The reconstituted liver was shown to be a mature and functioning "human organ" that had zonal position-specific enzyme expression and a global gene expression pattern representative of mature human liver; and could generate a human-specific profile of drug metabolism. The 'humanized liver' could be stably maintained in these mice with a high level of synthetic function for a prolonged period (8 months). This novel in vivo system provides an optimized platform for studying human liver physiology, including drug metabolism, toxicology, or liver regeneration.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2011; 405(3):405-10. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.01.042 · 2.30 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Severely immunodeficient NOD/Shi-scid IL2Rg(null) (NOG) mice are used as recipients for human tissue transplantation, which produces chimeric mice with various types of human tissue. NOG mice expressing transgenic urokinase-type plasminogen activator in the liver (uPA-NOG) were produced. Human hepatocytes injected into uPA-NOG mice repopulated the recipient livers with human cells. The uPA-NOG model has several advantages over previously produced chimeric mouse models of human liver: (1) the severely immunodeficient NOG background enables higher xenogeneic cell engraftment; (2) the absence of neonatal lethality enables mating of homozygotes, which increased the efficacy of homozygote production; and (3) donor xenogeneic human hepatocytes could be readily transplanted into young uPA-NOG mice, which provide easier surgical manipulation and improved recipient survival.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 11/2008; 377(1):248-52. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.09.124 · 2.30 Impact Factor