[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a naturally occurring substance within normal synovial joints. Although its efficacy in treating osteoarthritis has been evaluated, it has not been established whether it is of benefit after routine arthroscopic procedures. We hypothesized that immediate supplementation with HA after completion of arthroscopy would result in improved short-term analgesic and functional outcomes after knee arthroscopy.
Double-blinded randomized controlled trial.
Tertiary referral center.
One hundred ten patients presenting for routine arthroscopic procedures were invited to participate in the study. After exclusion criteria were applied, 98 patients were randomized to receive either 10 mL of 0.5% bupivacaine or 3 mL of HA into the joint immediately after completion of surgery.
After completion of surgery, all patients were randomized to receive either 10 mL of 0.5% bupivacaine or 3 mL of HA into the knee joint.
Visual analogue scale (VAS) pain scores were obtained at baseline; 1, 2, and 24 hours; and 1, 2, and 6 weeks after surgery. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) and Tegner-Lysholm scores were obtained at baseline and then at 1, 2, and 6 weeks after surgery.
Forty-nine patients received intra-articular bupivacaine and 49 received HA. There was no statistical difference in any of the outcome measures (VAS pain scores, WOMAC, and Tegner-Lysholm) at any time point between the groups overall.
There was no benefit of HA injection immediately at the end of knee arthroscopy in the first 6 weeks after surgery.
Routine use of HA at the time of knee arthroscopy cannot be recommended.
Clinical journal of sport medicine: official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine 03/2012; 22(2):109-15. · 1.50 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We reviewed a single-surgeon series of 300 athletic patients who had undergone reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament in order to establish the relationship between the timing of the reconstruction and the incidence of meniscal and chondral pathology. The patients were divided into five groups according to the time from their injury to surgery as follows: less than two months, two to six months, six to 12 months, 12 to 18 months and more than 18 months. The presence of meniscal tears was recorded and chondral pathology was scored according to the system of the French Society of Arthroscopy. There was a significantly higher chance of a medial meniscal tear occurring in patients undergoing reconstruction after one year from their injury (odds ratio (7.99, p = 0.004). The odds of having a lateral meniscal tear did not change significantly with an increasing interval to reconstruction. The chance of patients developing degenerative changes was found to be significantly higher in the groups operated on after six months from injury (odds ratio 4.04, p = 0.005). We advocate that patients with deficiency of the anterior cruciate ligament should be counselled that there is a significant relationship between the duration of the instability of their knee and the subsequent incidence of both chondral changes and meniscal tears. In order to minimise these risks, we recommend that reconstruction be performed within the first year from injury.
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 03/2010; 92(3):362-6. · 2.69 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The 'heel hook' is a type of knee lock used in some forms of martial arts to stress the knee and cause opponent to concede defeat. While the knee is in a flexed and valgus disposition, an internal rotation force is applied to the tibia. Reports are lacking on serious knee trauma as a result of this technique. We report the case of a 32-year-old Mixed Martial Arts exponent who sustained complete anterior cruciate ligament rupture and an medial collateral ligament injury from the use of a 'heel hook'.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sleeve fractures of the superior pole of the patella are rare. The importance of their diagnosis lies in the fact that the avulsed fragment contains a source of bone forming tissue which may lead to duplication or enlargement of the patella. We report a case in a 16 year old boy who underwent plication of the medial patellofemoral ligament, vastus medialis obliquus advancement and percutaneous lateral release, for recurrent instability. Interruption of the blood supply with subsequent avascular necrosis is one possible mechanism for this complication. Another more likely mechanism is that of failure of the repair and re-dislocation, which may have been contributed to by prolonged cast immobilization.
The Knee 01/2009; 16(3):235-7. · 2.01 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the accuracy of 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the evaluation of meniscal and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.
Sixty-one consecutive patients were identified who were referred for evaluation of suspected intra-articular pathology with a 3T MRI and who, subsequently, underwent an arthroscopic procedure of the knee were included for the study. Two musculoskeletal radiologists interpreted the images. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were then calculated for the MRI versus the arthroscopic findings as a reference standard.
The sensitivity and specificity for the overall detection of meniscal tears in this study was 84 and 93%, respectively. The results for the medial meniscus separately were 91 and 93% and for the lateral 77 and 93%. The evaluation of ACL integrity was 100% sensitive and specific. The meniscal tear type was correctly identified in 75% of cases and its location in 94%.
This study demonstrates good results of 3T MRI in the evaluation of the injured knee. Caution should still be given to the interpretation on MRI of a lateral meniscus tear, and it is suggested that the standard diagnostic criteria of high signal reaching the articular surface on two consecutive image sections be adhered to even at these higher field strengths.