Kailash Chander Bansal

National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Dilli, NCT, India

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Publications (39)156.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The North-eastern (NE) India, comprising of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura, possess diverse array of locally adapted non-Basmati aromatic germplasm. The germplasm collections from this region could serve as valuable resources in breeding for abiotic stress tolerance, grain yield and cooking/eating quality. To utilize such collections, however, breeders need information about the extent and distribution of genetic diversity present within collections. In this study, we report the result of population genetic analysis of 107 aromatic and quality rice accessions collected from different parts of NE India, as well as classified these accessions in the context of a set of structured global rice cultivars. A total of 322 alleles were amplified by 40 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers with an average of 8.03 alleles per locus. Average gene diversity was 0.67. Population structure analysis revealed that NE Indian aromatic rice can be subdivided into three genetically distinct population clusters: P1, joha rice accessions from Assam, tai rices from Mizoram and those from Sikkim; P2, chakhao rice germplasm from Manipur; and P3, aromatic rice accessions from Nagaland. Pair-wise FST between three groups varied from 0.223 (P1 vs P2) to 0.453 (P2 vs P3). With reference to the global classification of rice cultivars, two major groups (Indica and Japonica) were identified in NE Indian germplasm. The aromatic accessions from Assam, Manipur and Sikkim were assigned to the Indica group, while the accessions from Nagaland exhibited close association with Japonica. The tai accessions of Mizoram along with few chakhao accessions collected from the hill districts of Manipur were identified as admixed. The results highlight the importance of regional genetic studies for understanding diversification of aromatic rice in India. The data also suggest that there is scope for exploiting the genetic diversity of aromatic and quality rice germplasm of NE India for rice improvement.
    PLoS ONE 06/2015; 10(6):e0129607. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0129607 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The identification and fine mapping of robust quantitative trait loci (QTLs)/genes governing important agro-morphological traits in chickpea still lacks systematic efforts at a genome-wide scale involving wild Cicer accessions. In this context, an 834 simple sequence repeat and single-nucleotide polymorphism marker-based high-density genetic linkage map between cultivated and wild parental accessions (Cicer arietinum desi cv.ICC4958andCicer reticulatumwild cv.ICC17160)was constructed. This inter-specific genetic map comprising eight linkage groups spanned a map length of 949.4 cM with an average inter-marker distance of 1.14 cM. Eleven novel major genomic regions harbouring 15 robust QTLs (15.6–39.8% R2 at 4.2–15.7 logarithm of odds) associated with four agro-morphological traits (100-seed weight, pod and branch number/plant and plant hairiness) were identified and mapped on chickpea chromosomes. Most of theseQTLsshowedpositiveadditivegeneeffects with effectivealleliccontribution fromICC4958,particularly for increasing seed weight (SW) and pod and branch number. One robust SW-influencing major QTL region (qSW4.2) has been narrowed down by combining QTL mapping with high-resolution QTL regionspecific association analysis, differential expression profiling and gene haplotype-based association/LD mapping. This enabled to delineate a strong SW-regulating ABI3VP1 transcription factor (TF) gene at traitspecific QTL interval and consequently identified favourable natural allelic variants and superior high seed weight-specific haplotypes in the upstream regulatory region of this gene showing increased transcript expression during seed development. The genes (TFs) harbouring diverse trait-regulating QTLs, once validated and fine-mapped by our developed rapid integrated genomic approach and through gene/QTL map-based cloning, can be utilized as potential candidates for marker-assisted genetic enhancement of chickpea.
    DNA Research 10/2014; 21(6). DOI:10.1093/dnares/dsu031 · 4.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Crop wild relatives (CWRs) are invaluable gene sources for various traits of interest, yet these potential resources are themselves increasingly threatened by the impact of climate change as well as other anthropogenic and socio-economic factors. The prime goal of our research was to cover all aspects of wild Lens genetic resource management like species characterization, agro-morphological evaluation, diversity assessment, and development of representative sets for its enhanced utilization in lentil base broadening and yield improvement initiatives. We characterized and evaluated extensively, the global wild annual Lens taxa, originating from twenty seven counties under two agro-climatic conditions of India consecutively for three cropping seasons. Results on various qualitative and quantitative characters including two foliar diseases showed wide variations for almost all yield attributing traits including multiple disease resistance in the wild species, L. nigricans and L. ervoides accessions. The core set developed from the entire Lens taxa had maximum representation from Turkey and Syria, indicating rich diversity in accessions originating from these regions. Diversity analysis also indicated wide geographical variations across genepool as was reflected in the core set. Potential use of core set, as an initial starting material, for genetic base broadening of cultivated lentil was also suggested.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e107781.. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107781. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Characterization of natural allelic diversity and understanding the genetic structure and linkage disequilibrium (LD) pattern in wild germplasm accessions by large-scale genotyping of informative microsatellite and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers is requisite to facilitate chickpea genetic improvement. Large-scale validation and high-throughput genotyping of genome-wide physically mapped 478 genic and genomic microsatellite markers and 380 transcription factor gene-derived SNP markers using gel-based assay, fluorescent dye-labelled automated fragment analyser and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass array have been performed. Outcome revealed their high genotyping success rate (97.5%) and existence of a high level of natural allelic diversity among 94 wild and cultivated Cicer accessions. High intra- and inter-specific polymorphic potential and wider molecular diversity (11–94%) along with a broader genetic base (13–78%) specifically in the functional genic regions of wild accessions was assayed by mapped markers. It suggested their utility in monitoring introgression and transferring target trait-specific genomic (gene) regions from wild to cultivated gene pool for the genetic enhancement. Distinct species/gene pool-wise differentiation, admixed domestication pattern, and differential genome-wide recombination and LD estimates/decay observed in a six structured population of wild and cultivated accessions using mapped markers further signifies their usefulness in chickpea genetics, genomics and breeding.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e107484. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107484 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genetic studies were undertaken in nine intersubspecific and interspecific crosses of lentil to understand the inheritance pattern of morphological characters viz., growth habit, flower colour, cotyledon colour and pod dehiscence. The F1 and F 2 generations of these wide crosses were assessed and suggested monogenic inheritance of these traits. The segregation pattern of these qualitative traits will also help in the identification of true to type F 1 plants from the interspecific crosses. All nine intersubspecific and interspecific crosses exhibited a wide variability for days to flowering, maturity and duration from flowering to maturity. The results indicated that these characters are governed by independent sets of genes during the growth and development phases. Heritability of both characters has been reported to be high in all wide crosses. In India, cultivated lentil species have an intrinsically narrow genetic base and that situation limits our plant breeder’s progre
    Journal of Genetics 08/2014; 93(2):561-6. DOI:10.1007/s12041-014-0409-5 · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Resistance to stem rust and leaf rust in five D genome species of wheat viz., 267 accessions of Aegilops tauschii Coss., 39 of Ae. cylindrica Host, 17 of Ae. ventricosa Tausch, 4 of Ae. crassa Boiss. and 8 of Ae. juvenalis (Thell.) Eig were evaluated at adult plant stage. Two hundred and thirty nine (90 %) accessions of Ae. tauschii, 30 (77 %) of Ae. cylindrica, 16 (94 %) of Ae. ventricosa, 3 (75 %) of Ae. crassa Boiss. and 5 (62.5 %) of Ae. juvenalis were resistant to stem rust pathotypes prevalent in South India at Wellington under field condition. Invariably, all the accessions of the five species were resistant to leaf rust pathotypes. Quantitative measurement of disease using area under the disease progress curve revealed the slow progress of disease in the resistant accessions compared to susceptible check (Agra Local). Since all the five species have D genome, it could be concluded that the genes present in D genome might play a vital role in leaf rust resistance, but in case of stem rust resistance wide range of differential response was noticed. Among the species evaluated, Ae. tauschii was exploited to a larger extent, followed by Ae. ventricosa and Ae. cylindrica for leaf and stem rust resistance because of the homology of D genome with hexaploid bread wheat. While, Ae. crassa and Ae. juvenalis could not be utilized so far, possibly due to partial homology which makes the transfer of traits difficult. So, these species have considerable potential as a source of rust resistance and may enhance the existing gene pool of resistance to stem and leaf rusts.
    Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 04/2014; 61(4). DOI:10.1007/s10722-014-0085-6 · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 229 ReseaRch T he genus Cicer is a member of subfamily Papilionoideae and family Leguminosae, which comprises nine annual and 35 perennial species (van der Maesen, 1987). Of the 44 species, chick-pea (Cicer arietinum L.) is only the one cultivated on a large scale worldwide. Currently, it plays an important role in the agricul-tural production system and ranks third after dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and field pea (Pisum sativum L.) in terms of world grain legume crop production. It also improves soil fertility through biological nitrogen fixation and provides nitrogen for crops in the farming system. Despite extensive breeding efforts to improve chickpea, lack of stable crop production continues to be a prime concern. This situation is aggravated by the regular shifting of chickpea production to marginal lands, where it faces a multitude of major stresses (Singh et al., 1998). Further, a low level of genetic variability within the cultivated gene pool has hampered chick-pea breeders in their efforts to develop widely adapted cultivars ABSTRACT Systematic characterization and evaluation of the wild gene pool for breeding purposes is a common practice in an increasing number of cultivated crop species. Substantial yield improvement of culti-vated chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) has been lim-ited by the loss of useful genes for higher yield and lack of resistance to major biotic stresses. In the present study, a total of 88 wild accessions of six annual Cicer species viz., C. reticulatum Ladizinsky, C. echinospermum P.H. Davis, C. judaicum Boiss., C. pinnatifidum Jarb. & Spach, C. bijugum Rech. f., and C. yamashitae Kitam., along with three check varieties (controls) of cultivated chickpea namely, Pusa 256, Pusa 1103, and JG 11, were character-ized and evaluated for phenological and agro-morphological traits, including their reaction to the major fungal diseases [Ascochyta blight caused by Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Labr. and Botrytis gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea Pers. ex. Fr.] and root knot nematode (Meliodogyne incognita). Wild Cicer accessions exhibited variation for some mor-phological traits, including plant pigmentation in C. reticulatum, C. judaicum, and C. pinnatifidum; number of leaflets leaf
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    ABSTRACT: 229 ReseaRch T he genus Cicer is a member of subfamily Papilionoideae and family Leguminosae, which comprises nine annual and 35 perennial species (van der Maesen, 1987). Of the 44 species, chick-pea (Cicer arietinum L.) is only the one cultivated on a large scale worldwide. Currently, it plays an important role in the agricul-tural production system and ranks third after dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and field pea (Pisum sativum L.) in terms of world grain legume crop production. It also improves soil fertility through biological nitrogen fixation and provides nitrogen for crops in the farming system. Despite extensive breeding efforts to improve chickpea, lack of stable crop production continues to be a prime concern. This situation is aggravated by the regular shifting of chickpea production to marginal lands, where it faces a multitude of major stresses (Singh et al., 1998). Further, a low level of genetic variability within the cultivated gene pool has hampered chick-pea breeders in their efforts to develop widely adapted cultivars ABSTRACT Systematic characterization and evaluation of the wild gene pool for breeding purposes is a common practice in an increasing number of cultivated crop species. Substantial yield improvement of culti-vated chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) has been lim-ited by the loss of useful genes for higher yield and lack of resistance to major biotic stresses. In the present study, a total of 88 wild accessions of six annual Cicer species viz., C. reticulatum Ladizinsky, C. echinospermum P.H. Davis, C. judaicum Boiss., C. pinnatifidum Jarb. & Spach, C. bijugum Rech. f., and C. yamashitae Kitam., along with three check varieties (controls) of cultivated chickpea namely, Pusa 256, Pusa 1103, and JG 11, were character-ized and evaluated for phenological and agro-morphological traits, including their reaction to the major fungal diseases [Ascochyta blight caused by Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Labr. and Botrytis gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea Pers. ex. Fr.] and root knot nematode (Meliodogyne incognita). Wild Cicer accessions exhibited variation for some mor-phological traits, including plant pigmentation in C. reticulatum, C. judaicum, and C. pinnatifidum; number of leaflets leaf
    Crop Science 01/2014; 54(54):229-239. DOI:10.2135/cropsci2013.04.0225 · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rice landraces have been developed through artificial selection imposed by farmers during the long-term domestication process. Although the global rice diversity is well characterized, few studies have conducted an in-depth analysis of genetic diversity on a local scale. In India, there are many locally adapted non-Basmati aromatic rice landraces in which the pace of improvement is slow, despite their high economic values. The aromatic and quality rice landraces of Manipur, locally called Chakhao (delicious), are important, considering their high economic and cultural values. To conserve and encourage improvement of these landraces, we collected Chakhao accessions from eight districts of Manipur. The aim of the current study was to investigate the level of genetic diversity and structure of 37 Chakhao landraces based on genotyping with 47 microsatellite markers. The genetic diversity analysis revealed high gene diversity (0.673) within the Chakhao population, with values ranging from 0.303 (Poireiton) to 0.471 (mixed Chakhao). The Chakhao rice accessions could be divided into six subgroups based on genetic structure analyses. The population structure derived from the STRUCTURE analysis largely correlated with the farmers’ classification of Chakhao landraces. The results of genetic diversity analyses and the indigenous knowledge of the names and use of Chakhao landraces would facilitate the conservation and utilization of this unique genetic resource.
    Plant Genetic Resources 01/2014; 12(3). DOI:10.1017/S1479262113000580 · 1.06 Impact Factor
  • Kailash C Bansal, Ajay K Singh
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    ABSTRACT: Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important vegetable crop of tropical and temperate regions of the world. Here we describe a procedure for eggplant plastid transformation, which involves preparation of explants, biolistic delivery of plastid transformation vector into green stem segments, selection procedure, and identification of the transplastomic plants. Shoot buds appear from cut ends of the stem explants following 5-6 weeks of spectinomycin selection after bombardment with the plastid transformation vector containing aadA gene as selectable marker. Transplastomic lines are obtained after the regenerated shoots are subjected to several rounds of spectinomycin selection over a period of 9 weeks. Homoplasmic transplastomic lines are further confirmed by spectinomycin and streptomycin double selection. The transplastomic technology development in this plant species will open up exciting possibilities for improving crop performance, metabolic engineering, and the use of plants as factories for producing biopharmaceuticals.
    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 01/2014; 1132:305-16. DOI:10.1007/978-1-62703-995-6_19 · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    Asian Agri-History 01/2014; 18(2):123-132.
  • Lakshmi Kasirajan, Boomiraj Kovilpillai, Kailash Chander Bansal
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    ABSTRACT: We have developed marker-free transgenic wheat using a transcription factor, AtDREB1A cloned from Arabidopsis. Southern hybridization confirmed a transgenic event with a single copy insertion. PCR analysis of the T1 plants showed four were positive only for AtDREB1A. A T1 plant (HRCB3#17-37) was marker-free and had good expression of drought tolerance in comparison with untransformed plants. The leaf relative water content of this T1 transgenic plant was 12-15 % higher than that of the wild type during stress with an 8 % higher yield under water deficit conditions compared with wild type plants.
    Biotechnology Letters 12/2013; 36(5). DOI:10.1007/s10529-013-1431-z · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract To meet the challenges of climate change, exploring natural diversity in the existing plant genetic resource pool as well as creation of new mutants through chemical mutagenesis and molecular biology is needed for developing climate-resilient elite genotypes. Ever-increasing area under existing abiotic stresses as well as emerging abiotic stress factors and their combinations have further added to the problems of the current crop improvement programmes. However, with the advancement in modern techniques such as next-generation sequencing technologies, it is now possible to generate on a whole-genome scale, genomic resources for crop species at a much faster pace with considerably less efforts and money. The genomic resources thus generated will be useful for various plant breeding applications such as marker-assisted breeding for gene introgression, mapping QTLs or identifying new or rare alleles associated with a particular trait. In this article, we discuss various aspects of generation of genomic resources and their utilization for developing abiotic stress-tolerant crops to ensure sustainable agricultural production and food security in the backdrop of rapid climate change.
    Plant Breeding 12/2013; DOI:10.1111/pbr.12117 · 1.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Wild Lens taxa are invaluable sources of useful traits for broadening genetic base of cultivated lentil. Nine inter-sub-specific and interspecific crosses were made successfully between cultivated (Lens culinaris ssp. culinaris) and wild lentils (L. culinaris ssp. orientalis, odemensis, lamottei and ervoides). The effect of species groups, day length and temperature on crossability in lentils was evident under normal winter sowing in New Delhi and in summer Himalayan nursery at Sangla in Himachal Pradesh, India, although pollen fertility assessed in all the cross-combinations showed no significant variation. True hybridity of nine inter-sub-specific and interspecific crosses was confirmed through morphological and molecular (ISSR) markers, in which three of 120 primers could confirm the hybridity of all the crosses. All cross-combinations were also studied for important quantitative traits related to yield. The range, mean and coefficient of variation were estimated in parental lines, F1 and F2 generations to determine the extent of variability generated in cultivated lentils through the introgression of genes from wild L. taxa. A high level of heterosis was observed in F1 crosses for important traits studied. Substantially higher variations for seed yield and its attributing traits were exhibited in F2 generations indicating transgressive segregation. The results of the present investigation revealed that wild L. taxa can be successfully exploited for lentil improvement programmes, and the variations generated could be easily utilized for broadening the genetic base of cultivated lentil gene pool for improving the yield as well as wider adaptation.
    Plant Breeding 12/2013; 132(6). DOI:10.1111/pbr.12089 · 1.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fruit ripening process is associated with change in carotenoid profile and accumulation of lycopene in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). In this study, we quantified the β-carotene and lycopene content at green, breaker and red-ripe stages of fruit ripening in eight tomato genotypes by using high-performance liquid chromatography. Among the genotypes, lycopene content was found highest in Pusa Rohini and lowest in VRT-32-1. To gain further insight into the regulation of lycopene biosynthesis and accumulation during fruit ripening, expression analysis of nine carotenoid pathway-related genes was carried out in the fruits of high lycopene genotype—Pusa Rohini. We found that expression of phytoene synthase and β-carotene hydroxylase-1 was four and thirty-fold higher, respectively, at breaker stage as compared to red-ripe stage of fruit ripening. Changes in the expression level of these genes were associated with a 40% increase in lycopene content at red-ripe stage as compared with breaker stage. Thus, the results from our study suggest the role of specific carotenoid pathway-related genes in accumulation of high lycopene during the fruit ripening processes.
    Journal of Genetics 10/2013; DOI:10.1007/s12041-013-0275-6 · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carotenoid metabolism is regulated by several genes encoding carotenoid biosynthetic pathway enzymes. In the present study, a fruit transcriptome in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) was compared between high lycopene accumulating genotype EC-521086 and low lycopene accumulating genotype VRT-32-1 at three different stages (green, breaker and red) of fruit ripening. This analysis led to the identification of 2,558 differentially expressed genes at three stages of fruit ripening. Among these genes, 123 were carotenoid-correlated genes. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed high expression of genes encoding enzymes involved in lycopene biosynthesis like IPP isomerase, phytoene synthase, phytoene desaturase, z-carotene desaturase; and comparatively lower expression of genes encoding enzymes involved in lycopene catabolism like lycopene cyclase, carotenoid e-ring hydroxylase, zeaxanthin epoxidase, violaxanthin de-epoxidase and neoxanthin synthase in EC-521086, thereby possibly explaining the high lycopene content in EC-521086 as compared with the low lycopene genotype VRT-32-1. Further, the EC-521086 genotype exhibited high expression of the TOMATO AGAMOUSLIKE 1 (TAGL1) MADS box gene—a positive regulator of lycopene accumulation—at breaker stage, and low expression of the ethylene receptor LeETR4 gene—a negative regulator of trans-lycopene and β-carotene accumulation, at the red stage of fruit ripening. Our results clearly demonstrate the role of specific genes in accumulation of high lycopene in the EC-521086 tomato genotype during the fruit ripening processes.
    Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 06/2013; 31:1384 – 1396. DOI:10.1007/s11105-013-0613-0 · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is the second most widely grown legume crop after soybean, accounting for a substantial proportion of human dietary nitrogen intake and playing a crucial role in food security in developing countries. We report the ∼738-Mb draft whole genome shotgun sequence of CDC Frontier, a kabuli chickpea variety, which contains an estimated 28,269 genes. Resequencing and analysis of 90 cultivated and wild genotypes from ten countries identifies targets of both breeding-associated genetic sweeps and breeding-associated balancing selection. Candidate genes for disease resistance and agronomic traits are highlighted, including traits that distinguish the two main market classes of cultivated chickpea-desi and kabuli. These data comprise a resource for chickpea improvement through molecular breeding and provide insights into both genome diversity and domestication.
    Nature Biotechnology 01/2013; 31(3). DOI:10.1038/nbt.2491 · 39.08 Impact Factor
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    Nature Biotechnology 01/2013; · 39.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Identification of genes that are coexpressed across various tissues and environmental stresses is biologically interesting, since they may play coordinated role in similar biological processes. Genes with correlated expression patterns can be best identified by using coexpression network analysis of transcriptome data. In the present study, we analyzed the temporal-spatial coordination of gene expression in root, leaf and panicle of rice under drought stress and constructed network using WGCNA and Cytoscape. Total of 2199 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in at least three or more tissues, wherein 88 genes have coordinated expression profile among all the six tissues under drought stress. These 88 highly coordinated genes were further subjected to module identification in the coexpression network. Based on chief topological properties we identified 18 hub genes such as ABC transporter, ATP-binding protein, dehydrin, protein phosphatase 2C, LTPL153 - Protease inhibitor, phosphatidylethanolaminebinding protein, lactose permease-related, NADP-dependent malic enzyme, etc. Motif enrichment analysis showed the presence of ABRE cis-elements in the promoters of > 62% of the coordinately expressed genes. Our results suggest that drought stress mediated upregulated gene expression was coordinated through an ABA-dependent signaling pathway across tissues, at least for the subset of genes identified in this study, while down regulation appears to be regulated by tissue specific pathways in rice.
    Bioinformation 01/2013; 9(2):72-8. DOI:10.6026/97320630009072 · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The MYB gene family comprises one of the richest groups of transcription factors in plants. Plant MYB proteins are characterized by a highly conserved MYB DNA-binding domain. MYB proteins are classified into four major groups namely, 1R-MYB, 2R-MYB, 3R-MYB and 4R-MYB based on the number and position of MYB repeats. MYB transcription factors are involved in plant development, secondary metabolism, hormone signal transduction, disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance. A comparative analysis of MYB family genes in rice and Arabidopsis will help reveal the evolution and function of MYB genes in plants. RESULTS: A genome-wide analysis identified at least 155 and 197 MYB genes in rice and Arabidopsis, respectively. Gene structure analysis revealed that MYB family genes possess relatively more number of introns in the middle as compared with C- and N-terminal regions of the predicted genes. Intronless MYB-genes are highly conserved both in rice and Arabidopsis. MYB genes encoding R2R3 repeat MYB proteins retained conserved gene structure with three exons and two introns, whereas genes encoding R1R2R3 repeat containing proteins consist of six exons and five introns. The splicing pattern is similar among R1R2R3 MYB genes in Arabidopsis. In contrast, variation in splicing pattern was observed among R1R2R3 MYB members of rice. Consensus motif analysis of 1kb upstream region (5[prime] to translation initiation codon) of MYB gene ORFs led to the identification of conserved and over-represented cis-motifs in both rice and Arabidopsis. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed that several members of MYBs are up-regulated by various abiotic stresses both in rice and Arabidopsis. CONCLUSION: A comprehensive genome-wide analysis of chromosomal distribution, tandem repeats and phylogenetic relationship of MYB family genes in rice and Arabidopsis suggested their evolution via duplication. Genome-wide comparative analysis of MYB genes and their expression analysis identified several MYBs with potential role in development and stress response of plants.
    BMC Genomics 10/2012; 13(1):544. DOI:10.1186/1471-2164-13-544 · 4.04 Impact Factor