Wesley Straub

CA Technologies, New York, New York, United States

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Publications (4)21.78 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Unlike many hemoproteins, the prosthetic heme group of most cytochrome P450 enzymes cannot be extracted and replaced by modified heme groups. Here, we describe a procedure for generating a cytochrome P450 enzyme (CYP119) with cobalt protoporphyrin IX as its prosthetic group. This is achieved by expressing the protein in Escherichia coli in iron-limited medium and adding cobalt to the medium at the moment that inducible protein expression is initiated.
    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 03/2013; 987:107-13. DOI:10.1007/978-1-62703-321-3_9 · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Studying protein components of large intracellular complexes by in-cell NMR has so far been impossible because the backbone resonances are unobservable due to their slow tumbling rates. We describe a methodology that overcomes this difficulty through selective labeling of methyl groups, which possess more favorable relaxation behavior. Comparison of different in-cell labeling schemes with three different proteins, calmodulin, NmerA, and FKBP, shows that selective labeling with [(13)C]methyl groups on methionine and alanine provides excellent sensitivity with low background levels at very low costs.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 07/2004; 126(22):7119-25. DOI:10.1021/ja049977k · 12.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytochrome P450 and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) oxidize nitrogen atoms, although the substrates and transformations are highly restricted for NOS. The first reaction catalyzed by NOS is mediated by a P450-like ferryl species, although it is generated by a distinct process in which a tetrahydrobiopterin molecule in NOS serves as a transient electron donor. The second NOS reaction appears to be mediated by an iron dioxygen precursor of the ferryl species. The transient tetrahydrobiopterin radical formed in these reactions is quenched by electron transfer from the NOS flavin domain. Electron transfer from the flavins is controlled by the binding of calmodulin, the presence of peptide inserts in the flavin domain, the substrate structure, and phosphorylation of the enzyme.
    Drug Metabolism Reviews 09/2002; 34(3):479-501. DOI:10.1081/DMR-120005648 · 5.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PIN, an 89-amino-acid polypeptide found in a rat hippocampal cDNA library using the yeast two-hybrid system and various neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) fragments as bait, was reported to be an inhibitor of nNOS (Science 274, 774-778, 1996). PIN reportedly inhibited nNOS selectively and did not interact with either the endothelial or inducible nitric oxide synthase isoforms. Inhibition was attributed to the ability of PIN to dissociate the catalytically active nNOS homodimer. PIN is a dynein light chain (J. Biol. Chem. 271, 19358-19366, 1996), which suggested that PIN may serve as an axonal transport protein for nNOS. We have synthesized a rat PIN cDNA by recursive polymerase chain reaction and have expressed the protein in Escherichia coli. Recombinant PIN is a folded dimeric, mostly alpha-helical protein with a single deeply buried tryptophan residue. We have also expressed and purified the nNOS fragment to which PIN reportedly binds (residues 163-245). This recombinant peptide has a disordered secondary structure. Gel-filtration experiments show that PIN binds to both the full-length nNOS and nNOS fragment. However, PIN neither inhibits nNOS activity nor dissociates the nNOS dimer into monomeric species. PIN thus possibly functions as a dynein light chain involved in nNOS axonal transport but is not an inhibitor of the enzyme. Our results agree with the proposal (Cell 82, 743-752, 1995) that the PIN recognition sequence in nNOS both lies outside the catalytic core and is not part of the monomer-monomer contact region.
    Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 12/1998; 359(2):297-304. DOI:10.1006/abbi.1998.0928 · 3.02 Impact Factor