Bekim Sadikovic

Western University, London, Ontario, Canada

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Publications (30)121.22 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: achieving a major molecular response (MMR) is the goal of imatinib therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia. However, the association between gender, BCR-ABL transcript type, and age with MMR is not well understood and often controversial. we retrospectively analyzed 166 patients who have been treated with imatinib for up to 10 years. males had a lower MMR rate than females (63.3% vs. 81.6%, p = 0.006) and a shorter time to relapse (median 354 vs 675 days, p = 0.049), while patients with b3a2 or with both b3a2 and b2a2 breakpoint transcripts had higher MMR rate than those with b2a2 (81.8%, 77.1% vs. 60.7%, p = 0.023 for b3a2 vs. b2a2, p = 0.043 for both vs. b2a2). A striking difference was found between males with b2a2 and females with both b2a2 and b3a2 in terms of MMR rate (43.8% vs. 88.9%), MMR rate within 6 months (7.1% vs. 62.5%) and the time to MMR (median days 493 vs. 159, p=0.036). both gender and BCR-ABL transcript, but not age, were significantly associated with the molecular response. Males with b2a2 represent a less favorable group in their response to imatinib treatment and may need alternative therapy regimen and closer monitoring. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    European Journal Of Haematology 06/2015; DOI:10.1111/ejh.12597 · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this Position Statement is to provide recommendations for Canadian medical geneticists, clinical laboratory geneticists, genetic counsellors and other physicians regarding the use of genome-wide sequencing of germline DNA in the context of clinical genetic diagnosis. This statement has been developed to facilitate the clinical translation and development of best practices for clinical genome-wide sequencing for genetic diagnosis of monogenic diseases in Canada; it does not address the clinical application of this technology in other fields such as molecular investigation of cancer or for population screening of healthy individuals. Two multidisciplinary groups consisting of medical geneticists, clinical laboratory geneticists, genetic counsellors, ethicists, lawyers and genetic researchers were assembled to review existing literature and guidelines on genome-wide sequencing for clinical genetic diagnosis in the context of monogenic diseases, and to make recommendations relevant to the Canadian context. The statement was circulated for comment to the Canadian College of Medical Geneticists (CCMG) membership-at-large and, following incorporation of feedback, approved by the CCMG Board of Directors. The CCMG is a Canadian organisation responsible for certifying medical geneticists and clinical laboratory geneticists, and for establishing professional and ethical standards for clinical genetics services in Canada. Recommendations include (1) clinical genome-wide sequencing is an appropriate approach in the diagnostic assessment of a patient for whom there is suspicion of a significant monogenic disease that is associated with a high degree of genetic heterogeneity, or where specific genetic tests have failed to provide a diagnosis; (2) until the benefits of reporting incidental findings are established, we do not endorse the intentional clinical analysis of disease-associated genes other than those linked to the primary indication; and (3) clinicians should provide genetic counselling and obtain informed consent prior to undertaking clinical genome-wide sequencing. Counselling should include discussion of the limitations of testing, likelihood and implications of diagnosis and incidental findings, and the potential need for further analysis to facilitate clinical interpretation, including studies performed in a research setting. These recommendations will be routinely re-evaluated as knowledge of diagnostic and clinical utility of clinical genome-wide sequencing improves. While the document was developed to direct practice in Canada, the applicability of the statement is broader and will be of interest to clinicians and health jurisdictions internationally. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to
    Journal of Medical Genetics 05/2015; 52(7). DOI:10.1136/jmedgenet-2015-103144 · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary hemochromatosis leads to an increased lifetime risk for end-organ damage due to excess iron deposition. Guidelines recommend that genetic testing be performed in patients with clinical suspicion of iron overload accompanied by elevated serum ferritin and transferrin saturation levels. To evaluate guideline adherence and the clinical and economic impact of HFE genetic testing. The electronic charts of patients submitted for HFE testing in 2012 were reviewed for genetic testing results, biochemical markers of iron overload and clinical history of phlebotomy. A total of 664 samples were sent for testing, with clinical, biochemical and phlebotomy data available for 160 patients. A positive C282Y homozygote or C282Y⁄H63D compound heterozygote test result was observed in 18% of patients. Patients with an at-risk HFE genotype had significantly higher iron saturation, serum iron and hemoglobin (P<0.001), without higher ferritin or liver enzyme levels. Fifty percent of patients referred for testing did not have biochemical evidence of iron overload (transferrin saturation >45% and ferritin level >300 μg⁄L). Patients were four times more likely to undergo phlebotomy if they were gene test positive (RR 4.29 [95% CI 2.35 to 7.83]; P<0.00001). One-half of patients referred for testing did not exhibit biochemical evidence of iron overload. Many patients with biochemical evidence of iron overload, but with negative genetic test results, did not undergo phlebotomy. A requisition to determine clinical indication for testing may reduce the use of the HFE genetic test. Finally, improvement of current genetic test characteristics would improve rationale for the test. A significant proportion of hemochromatosis genetic testing does not adhere to current guidelines and would not alter patient management.
    Canadian journal of gastroenterology = Journal canadien de gastroenterologie 02/2015; 29(1):41-5. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Malsegregation of chromosomes during reproduction can result in uniparental disomy when associated with trisomy rescue, monosomy rescue or gamete complementation. Pathogenicity stemming from uniparental disomy in liveborns results from imprinting disorders or autozygosity for autosomal recessive disorders. We report on a girl with Prader–Willi syndrome and Tay–Sachs disease resulting from maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 15. The child also had an isochromosome Xq. To further characterize the etiology of the aberrant chromosome 15 and the isochromosome Xq, SNP loci from both chromosomes were assessed in the proband and parents, and genome-wide DNA methylation analysis was performed. SNP and DNA methylation analysis confirmed maternal uniparental heterodisomy around the Prader–Willi locus, while the region around the HEXA locus showed maternal uniparental isodisomy. This result is consistent with trisomy rescue of a maternal meiosis l error in a chromosome 15 with two meiotic recombinations. SNP analysis of the X chromosomes is consistent with a maternal origin for the isochromosome. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 01/2015; 167(1). DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.36790 · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angelman syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by a deficiency of the imprinted and maternally expressed UBE3A gene. Although de novo genetic and epigenetic imprinting defects of UBE3A genomic locus account for majority of Angelman diagnoses, approximately 10% of individuals affected with Angelman syndrome are a result of UBE3A loss-of-function mutations occurring on the expressed maternal chromosome. The variants described in this manuscript represent the analysis of 2515 patients referred for UBE3A gene sequencing at our institution, along with a comprehensive review of the UBE3A mutation literature. Of these, 267 (10.62%) patients had a report issued for detection of a UBE3A gene nucleotide variant, which in many cases involved family studies resulting in reclassification of variants of unknown clinical significance (VUS). Overall, 111 (4.41%) probands had a nucleotide change classified as pathogenic or strongly favored to be pathogenic, 29 (1.15%) had a variant of unknown clinical significance, and 126 (5.0%) had a nucleotide change classified as benign or strongly favored to be benign. All variants and their clinical interpretations are submitted to NCBI ClinVar, a freely accessible human variation and phenotype database.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
    Human Mutation 12/2014; 35(12). DOI:10.1002/humu.22687 · 5.14 Impact Factor
  • Matthew B Lanktree · Bekim Sadikovic · Mark A Crowther ·

    Canadian Medical Association Journal 10/2014; 187(11). DOI:10.1503/cmaj.140259 · 5.96 Impact Factor
  • Bekim Sadikovic ·

    Clinical Biochemistry 06/2014; 47(9). DOI:10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2014.05.033 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A significant proportion (up to 62%) of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinomas (OSCCs) may arise from oral potential malignant lesions (OPML), such as leukoplakia. Patient outcomes may thus be improved through detection of lesions at risk for malignant transformation, by identifying and categorizing genetic changes in sequential, progressive OPMLs. We conducted array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) analysis of 25 sequential, progressive OPMLs and same-site OSCCs from five patients. Recurrent DNA copy number gains were identified on 1p in 20/25 cases (80%) with minimal, high-level amplification regions on 1p35 and 1p36. Other regions of gains were frequently observed: 11q13.4 (68%), 9q34.13 (64%), 21q22.3 (60%), 6p21 and 6q25 (56%), 10q24, 19q13.2, 22q12, 5q31.2, 7p13, 10q24, and 14q22 (48%). DNA losses were observed in >20% of samples and mainly detected on 5q31.2 (35%), 16p13.2 (30%), 9q33.1 and 9q33.29 (25%), and 17q11.2, 3p26.2, 18q21.1, 4q34.1 and 8p23.2 (20%). Such Copy Number Alterations (CNAs) were mapped in all grades of dysplasia that progressed, and their corresponding OSCCs, in 70% of patients, indicating that these CNAs may be associated with disease progression. Amplified genes mapping within recurrent CNAs (KHDRBS1, PARP1, RAB1A, HBEGF, PAIP2, BTBD7) were selected for validation, by quantitative real-time PCR, in an independent set of 32 progressive leukoplakia, 32 OSSCs and 21 non-progressive leukoplakia samples. Amplification of BTBD7, KHDRBS1, PARP1 and RAB1A was exclusively detected in progressive leukoplakia and corresponding OSCC. BTBD7, KHDRBS1, PARP1 and RAB1A may be associated with OSCC progression. Protein-protein interaction networks were created to identify possible pathways associated with OSCC progression.
    Human Molecular Genetics 01/2014; 23(10). DOI:10.1093/hmg/ddt657 · 6.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Maternal-effect mutations in NLRP7 cause rare biparentally inherited hydatidiform moles (BiHMs), abnormal pregnancies containing hypertrophic vesicular trophoblast but no embryo. BiHM trophoblasts display abnormal DNA methylation patterns affecting maternally methylated germline differentially methylated regions (gDMRs), suggesting that NLRP7 plays an important role in reprogramming imprinted gDMRs. How NLRP7-a component of the CATERPILLAR family of proteins involved in innate immunity and apoptosis-causes these specific DNA methylation and trophoblast defects is unknown. Because rodents lack NLRP7, we used human embryonic stem cells to study its function and demonstrate that NLRP7 interacts with YY1, an important chromatin-binding factor. Reduced NLRP7 levels alter DNA methylation and accelerate trophoblast lineage differentiation. NLRP7 thus appears to function in chromatin reprogramming and DNA methylation in the germline or early embryonic development, functions not previously associated with members of the NLRP family.
    Human Molecular Genetics 10/2013; 23(3). DOI:10.1093/hmg/ddt457 · 6.39 Impact Factor
  • Bekim Sadikovic · Paul C Park · Shamini Selvarajah · Maria Zielenska ·
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    ABSTRACT: Osteosarcoma, the most frequent primary bone tumor, is a malignant mesenchymal sarcoma with a peak incidence in young children and adolescents. Left untreated, it progresses relentlessly to local and systemic disease, ultimately leading to death within months. Genomically, osteosarcomas are aneuploid with chaotic karyotypes, lacking the pathognomonic genetic rearrangements characteristic of most sarcomas. The familial genetics of osteosarcoma helped in elucidating some of the etiological molecular disruptions, such as the tumor suppressor genes RB1 in retinoblastoma and TP53 in Li-Fraumeni, and RECQL4 involved in DNA repair/replication in Rothmund-Thomson syndrome. Genomic profiling approaches such as array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) have provided additional insights concerning the mechanisms responsible for generating complex osteosarcoma genomes. This chapter provides a brief introduction to the clinical features of conventional osteosarcoma, the predominant subtypes, and a general overview of materials and analytical methods of osteosarcoma aCGH, followed by a more detailed literature overview of aCGH studies and a discussion of emerging genes, molecular mechanisms, and their clinical implications, as well as more recent application of integrative genomics in osteosarcoma. aCHG is helping elucidate genomic events leading to tumor development and evolution as well as identification of prognostic markers and therapeutic targets in osteosarcoma.
    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 02/2013; 973:227-47. DOI:10.1007/978-1-62703-281-0_15 · 1.29 Impact Factor
  • Bekim Sadikovic · David I. Rodenhiser ·
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    ABSTRACT: This chapter contains sections titled: IntroductionEpigenetic modifications: DNA methylationDNA methylation and cancerEpigenetic histone modificationsBenzo(a)pyrene – a prototype PAH and environmental carcinogenMolecular mechanisms of benzopyrene carcinogenicity: geno- and epigeno-toxicityEpigenetic effects of multiple/synergistic carcinogen exposuresSummary and future considerationsAcknowledgmentsReferences
    Toxicology and Epigenetics, 08/2012: pages 111-127; , ISBN: 9781119976097
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    ABSTRACT: We recently reported a deletion of exon 2 of the trimethyllysine hydroxylase epsilon (TMLHE) gene in a proband with autism. TMLHE maps to the X chromosome and encodes the first enzyme in carnitine biosynthesis, 6-N-trimethyllysine dioxygenase. Deletion of exon 2 of TMLHE causes enzyme deficiency, resulting in increased substrate concentration (6-N-trimethyllysine) and decreased product levels (3-hydroxy-6-N-trimethyllysine and γ-butyrobetaine) in plasma and urine. TMLHE deficiency is common in control males (24 in 8,787 or 1 in 366) and was not significantly increased in frequency in probands from simplex autism families (9 in 2,904 or 1 in 323). However, it was 2.82-fold more frequent in probands from male-male multiplex autism families compared with controls (7 in 909 or 1 in 130; P = 0.023). Additionally, six of seven autistic male siblings of probands in male-male multiplex families had the deletion, suggesting that TMLHE deficiency is a risk factor for autism (metaanalysis Z-score = 2.90 and P = 0.0037), although with low penetrance (2-4%). These data suggest that dysregulation of carnitine metabolism may be important in nondysmorphic autism; that abnormalities of carnitine intake, loss, transport, or synthesis may be important in a larger fraction of nondysmorphic autism cases; and that the carnitine pathway may provide a novel target for therapy or prevention of autism.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 05/2012; 109(21):7974-81. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1120210109 · 9.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epigenetic mechanisms may play an important role in the developmental programming of adult-onset chronic metabolic diseases resulting from suboptimal fetal nutrition, but the exact molecular mechanisms are incompletely understood. Given the central role of the liver in metabolic regulation, we investigated whether chronic maternal dietary protein restriction has long-term effects on liver gene expression in the offspring. We fed adult C57BL/6J dams ad libitum an 8% maternal low-protein (MLP) or 20% protein control diet (C) from 4 wk prior to mating until the end of lactation. Male pups were weaned to standard nonpurified diet and singly housed at 21 d of age (d 21). Body weights were followed to 1 y of age (1 y). At d 21 and 1 y, organs were quantitatively dissected and analyzed. MLP offspring had significantly lower body weights at all ages and significantly lower serum activity of alanine aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase at 1 y. Gene expression profiling of liver at 1 y showed 521 overexpressed and 236 underexpressed genes in MLP compared to C offspring. The most important novel finding was the overexpression of genes found in liver that participate in organization and maintenance of higher order chromatin architecture and regulation of transcriptional activation. These included members of the cohesin-mediator complex, which regulate gene expression by forming DNA loops between promoters and enhancers in a cell type-specific fashion. Thus, our findings of increased expression of these factors in liver of MLP offspring implicate a possible novel epigenetic mechanism in developmental programming.
    Journal of Nutrition 12/2011; 141(12):2106-12. DOI:10.3945/jn.111.146597 · 3.88 Impact Factor
  • Bekim Sadikovic · Cassandra Graham · Michael Ho · Maria Zielenska · Gino R Somers ·
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    ABSTRACT: Pediatric undifferentiated soft tissue sarcomas (USTSs) are a group of malignancies composed predominantly of primitive round cell sarcomas, the histogenesis of which is uncertain. Thus, diagnosis and therapy remain a challenge. The aims of the current study were to determine whether differential expression of stem cell-associated proteins could be used to aid in determining the histogenesis of pediatric USTSs and to determine whether pediatric USTSs expressed a unique panel of stem cell-associated proteins to aid diagnosis. Tumors included 28 Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumors (ESs), 22 embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas (ERMSs), 8 alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas (ARMSs), 5 synovial sarcomas (SSs), 5 malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs), and 13 USTSs. Stem cell antibodies included 3 mesenchymal stem cell markers (CD44, CD105, and CD166) and 5 neural stem cell markers (CD15, CD29, CD56, CD133, and nestin). Sections were scored followed by statistical analysis, clustering analysis, and visualizations using Partek Genomic Suite Software. The Euclidean clustering divided the tumors into 2 major groups. ESs and USTSs formed the majority of the 1st group, whereas ERMSs, ARMSs, MPNSTs, and SSs formed the 2nd group. Reduced expression of CD56 was strongly associated with the ES/USTS cluster (P < 0.0001). ESs and USTSs were further separated by CD166 staining, wherein increased expression was associated with ES (P < 0.0001). The 2nd group included the majority of other sarcomas, with no consistent separation between subtypes. The current study demonstrates the usefulness of applying stem cell markers to pediatric sarcomas and indicates that USTSs and ESs are closely related and may share a common histogenesis.
    Pediatric and Developmental Pathology 01/2011; 14(4):259-72. DOI:10.2350/10-08-0890-OA.1 · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions are a common cause of mitochondrial disorders. Large mtDNA deletions can lead to a broad spectrum of clinical features with different age of onset, ranging from mild mitochondrial myopathies (MM), progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO), and Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS), to severe Pearson syndrome. The aim of this study is to investigate the molecular signatures surrounding the deletion breakpoints and their association with the clinical phenotype and age at onset. MtDNA deletions in 67 patients were characterized using array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) followed by PCR-sequencing of the deletion junctions. Sequence homology including both perfect and imperfect short repeats flanking the deletion regions were analyzed and correlated with clinical features and patients' age group. In all age groups, there was a significant increase in sequence homology flanking the deletion compared to mtDNA background. The youngest patient group (<6 years old) showed a diffused pattern of deletion distribution in size and locations, with a significantly lower sequence homology flanking the deletion, and the highest percentage of deletion mutant heteroplasmy. The older age groups showed rather discrete pattern of deletions with 44% of all patients over 6 years old carrying the most common 5 kb mtDNA deletion, which was found mostly in muscle specimens (22/41). Only 15% (3/20) of the young patients (<6 years old) carry the 5 kb common deletion, which is usually present in blood rather than muscle. This group of patients predominantly (16 out of 17) exhibit multisystem disorder and/or Pearson syndrome, while older patients had predominantly neuromuscular manifestations including KSS, PEO, and MM. In conclusion, sequence homology at the deletion flanking regions is a consistent feature of mtDNA deletions. Decreased levels of sequence homology and increased levels of deletion mutant heteroplasmy appear to correlate with earlier onset and more severe disease with multisystem involvement.
    PLoS ONE 12/2010; 5(12):e15687. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0015687 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human osteosarcoma is the most common pediatric bone tumor. There is limited understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying osteosarcoma oncogenesis, and a lack of good diagnostic as well as prognostic clinical markers for this disease. Recent discoveries have highlighted a potential role of a number of genes including: RECQL4, DOCK5, SPP1, RUNX2, RB1, CDKN1A, P53, IBSP, LSAMP, MYC, TNFRSF1B, BMP2, HISTH2BE, FOS, CCNB1, and CDC5L. Our objective was to assess relative expression levels of these 16 genes as potential biomarkers of osteosarcoma oncogenesis and chemotherapy response in human tumors. We performed quantitative expression analysis in a panel of 22 human osteosarcoma tumors with differential response to chemotherapy, and 5 normal human osteoblasts. RECQL4, SPP1, RUNX2, and IBSP were significantly overexpressed, and DOCK5, CDKN1A, RB1, P53, and LSAMP showed significant loss of expression relative to normal osteoblasts. In addition to being overexpressed in osteosarcoma tumor samples relative to normal osteoblasts, RUNX2 was the only gene of the 16 to show significant overexpression in tumors that had a poor response to chemotherapy relative to good responders. These data underscore the loss of tumor suppressive pathways and activation of specific oncogenic mechanisms associated with osteosarcoma oncogenesis, while drawing attention to the role of RUNX2 expression as a potential biomarker of chemotherapy failure in osteosarcoma.
    BMC Cancer 05/2010; 10(1):202. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-10-202 · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRs) are non-coding RNA molecules involved in cancer initiation and progression. Deregulated miR expression has been implicated in cancer; however, there are no studies implicating an miR signature associated with progression in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Although OSCC may develop from oral leukoplakia, clinical and histological assessments have limited prognostic value in predicting which leukoplakic lesions will progress. Our aim was to quantify miR expression changes in leukoplakia and same-site OSCC and to identify an miR signature associated with progression. We examined miR expression changes in 43 sequential progressive samples from 12 patients and four non-progressive leukoplakias from four different patients, using TaqMan Low Density Arrays. The findings were validated using quantitative RT-PCR in an independent cohort of 52 progressive dysplasias and OSCCs, and five non-progressive dysplasias. Global miR expression profiles distinguished progressive leukoplakia/OSCC from non-progressive leukoplakias/normal tissues. One hundred and nine miRs were highly expressed exclusively in progressive leukoplakia and invasive OSCC. miR-21, miR-181b and miR-345 expressions were consistently increased and associated with increases in lesion severity during progression. Over-expression of miR-21, miR-181b and miR-345 may play an important role in malignant transformation. Our study provides the first evidence of an miR signature potentially useful for identifying leukoplakias at risk of malignant transformation.
    Human Molecular Genetics 09/2009; 18(24):4818-29. DOI:10.1093/hmg/ddp446 · 6.39 Impact Factor
  • N. Cervigne · P. Reis · N. Galloni · J. Machado · B. Sadikovic · S. Kamel-Reid ·

    Oral Oncology Supplement 07/2009; 3(1):92-92. DOI:10.1016/j.oos.2009.06.193
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    ABSTRACT: Altered gene expression in tumors can be caused by copy number alterations to DNA or mutation affecting coding or regulatory regions of genes. However, epigenetic events may also influence gene expression. Malignant cells can show major disruptions in DNA methylation profiles, which are manifested as aberrant hypermethylation or as hypomethylation of gene promoters, as well as global genomic hypomethylation. In this study we performed integrative whole-genome analysis of DNA copy number, promoter methylation and gene expression using 10 osteosarcomas. We identified significant changes including: hypomethylation, gain, and overexpression of histone cluster 2 genes at chromosome 1q21.1-q21.3; loss of chromosome 8p21.2-p21.3 and underexpression of DOCK5 and TNFRSF10A/D genes; and amplification-related overexpression of RUNX2 at chromosome 6p12.3-p21.1. Amplification and overexpression of RUNX2 could disrupt G2/M cell cycle checkpoints, and downstream osteosarcoma-specific changes, such as failure of bone differentiation and genomic polyploidization. Failure of DOCK5-signaling, together with p53 and TNFRSF10A/D-related cell cycle and death pathways, may play a critical role in abrogating apoptosis. Our analyses show that the RUNX2 interactome may be constitutively activated in osteosarcoma, and that the downstream intracellular pathways are strongly associated with the regulation of osteoblast differentiation and control of cell cycle and apoptosis in osteosarcoma.
    Human Molecular Genetics 04/2009; 18(11):1962-75. DOI:10.1093/hmg/ddp117 · 6.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Promoter and 5' end methylation regulation of tumour suppressor genes is a common feature of many cancers. Such occurrences often lead to the silencing of these key genes and thus they may contribute to the development of cancer, including prostate cancer. In order to identify methylation changes in prostate cancer, we performed a genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation using Agilent human CpG island arrays. Using computational and gene-specific validation approaches we have identified a large number of potential epigenetic biomarkers of prostate cancer. Further validation of candidate genes on a separate cohort of low and high grade prostate cancers by quantitative MethyLight analysis has allowed us to confirm DNA hypermethylation of HOXD3 and BMP7, two genes that may play a role in the development of high grade tumours. We also show that promoter hypermethylation is responsible for downregulated expression of these genes in the DU-145 PCa cell line. This study identifies novel epigenetic biomarkers of prostate cancer and prostate cancer progression, and provides a global assessment of DNA methylation in prostate cancer.
    PLoS ONE 02/2009; 4(3):e4830. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0004830 · 3.23 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

688 Citations
121.22 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • Western University
      London, Ontario, Canada
  • 2013-2015
    • McMaster University
      • Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine
      Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
  • 2010-2013
    • Baylor College of Medicine
      • Department of Molecular & Human Genetics
      Houston, TX, United States
  • 2012
    • Texas Children's Hospital
      Houston, Texas, United States
  • 2008-2010
    • SickKids
      • Program in Genetics and Genome Biology
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    • The Princess Margaret Hospital
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 2004-2008
    • The University of Western Ontario
      London, Ontario, Canada
  • 2006
    • London Health Sciences Centre
      • Department of Pathology
      London, Ontario, Canada