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ABSTRACT: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is widely used to mobilize peripheral blood stem cells, and expected to restore cardiac function for patients with coronary artery diseases as a consequence of progression of atherosclerosis. Safety issues related to the administration of G-CSF to these patients, however, are still under study. The animal model for atherosclerosis was produced by feeding miniature swine a high-cholesterol diet for 3 months. G-CSF (5 or 10 microg/kg/day) was given to the animal model by daily subcutaneous injections for 10 days and 20 main arteries were evaluated pathologically. In addition, the general toxicological effects were studied on clinical signs, body weight, hematology, blood chemistry and pathology. In the G-CSF-treated groups, a variety of changes related to the major pharmacological activity of G-CSF including an increase in white blood cell (WBC) counts were observed. In many arteries, atherosclerotic lesions similar to Type I-V of the proposed classification by the American Heart Association were observed. No effects of the G-CSF treatment were seen on the histopathological findings, incidence, severity or distribution of atherosclerotic lesions. In addition, no infiltration of neutrophils to the lesions was observed. These findings suggest that the administration of G-CSF causes neither exacerbation or modification of atherosclerotic lesions nor adverse changes despite that a sufficient increase in WBC counts could be achieved in the peripheral blood.
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 10/2008; 70(9):943-50. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the suitability of a new minipig model for investigating aspects of diabetes such as delayed gastric emptying and glucose metabolism abnormalities, and to test the effects of mitemcinal (GM-611), an orally active erythromycin-derived motilin receptor agonist, on gastric emptying and postprandial glucose in normal and diabetic minipigs.
Intravenous injection of 300 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) to 5-week-old minipigs induced moderate hyperglycemia (about 200 mg/dl) for >80 weeks without insulin treatment. Decreased insulin production (P<.05), increased area under the glucose curve (P<.05), and slower glucose disappearance (P<.05) were demonstrated, and there was no severe inhibition of body weight gain, liver failure, or renal failure. Gastric emptying was significantly delayed in diabetic minipigs (P<.05) at 80 weeks, but not at 40 weeks, post-STZ. Oral administration of mitemcinal (5 mg/kg) at 80 weeks accelerated gastric emptying and induced a similar postprandial glucose profile in normal and diabetic minipigs with delayed gastric emptying.
The new diabetic minipig model showed suitability for investigating diabetes, gastric emptying, and plasma glucose excursions. Since delayed gastric emptying and irregular plasma glucose excursions are characteristic of diabetic gastroparesis, the accelerating and regulating effects of mitemcinal on this model add to the existing evidence that mitemcinal is likely to be useful for treating diabetic gastroparesis.
Journal of diabetes and its complications 05/2008; 22(5):339-47. · 2.11 Impact Factor
Journal of Toxicologic Pathology 01/2005; 18(3):167-173. · 0.34 Impact Factor