Andreas C Mauer

University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States

Are you Andreas C Mauer?

Claim your profile

Publications (2)5.57 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tripping over an obstacle is the most frequent cause of falls. We examined the effects of total knee arthroplasty on obstacle avoidance success rates in older adults. Obstacle avoidance success rates, body mass index, visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, depth perception, and single-leg stance duration were evaluated in 29 subjects who had bilateral total knee arthroplasties (age range, 72.6 +/- 5.4 years) and 27 age-matched healthy control subjects (age range, 70.6 +/- 5.5 years). The patients who had total knee arthroplasties had a lower obstacle avoidance success rate, lower single-leg stance duration, and greater body mass index than control subjects. Age, contrast sensitivity, and depth perception were not different between patients who had total knee arthroplasties and control subjects. Obstacle avoidance success rates decreased linearly as single-leg stance duration decreased in the control group and across all groups, but not in the group that had total knee arthroplasties. Linear relationships between obstacle avoidance success rates and body mass index existed for all subjects but not for the group that had total knee arthroplasties or the control group individually. Total knee arthroplasty reduces obstacle avoidance success rate, suggesting that persons who have total knee arthroplasties have an increased propensity to trip on an obstacle and fall. Increased body mass index and decreased single-leg stance duration in patients who have total knee arthroplasties are associated with a decreased obstacle avoidance success rate.
    Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 05/2005; · 2.79 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tripping on an object is the most frequent cause of falls. We examined the effects of painful osteoarthritis of the knee on obstacle avoidance success rates in older adults. Obstacle avoidance success rates, pain, body mass index, visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, depth perception, and single-leg stance duration were evaluated in 17 patients with painful osteoarthritis of the knees (age range, 59.6 +/- 8.1 years) and 14 age-matched healthy control subjects (age range, 61.1 +/- 10.0 years). The patients with osteoarthritis of the knees had a 37% lower obstacle avoidance success rate, a 54% lower single-leg stance duration, and a 24% greater body mass index than the control subjects. Age, visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and depth perception were not different between the two groups. Obstacle avoidance success rates and single-leg stance durations decreased linearly as pain increased in the patients with osteoarthritis of the knees. Obstacle avoidance success rates also decreased linearly as single-leg stance duration decreased in the patients with osteoarthritis of the knees. Osteoarthritis of the knees reduced obstacle avoidance success rates, supporting epidemiologic studies that have found osteoarthritis to be a risk factor for falls. This study showed that pain associated with osteoarthritis of the knees increased the propensity to trip on an obstacle (the greater the pain the greater the propensity to trip and fall) and underscores the importance of treating pain associated with osteoarthritis.
    Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 03/2005; · 2.79 Impact Factor