Ozkan Miloglu

Ataturk University, Kalikala, Erzurum, Turkey

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Publications (32)25.87 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to determine and compare the reliability to accomplish of common mandibular landmarks and to determine the incidence of incisive canals, anterior looping, and lingual foramina in children from panoramic and CBCT images. Design: Panoramic and CBCT images from 100 children and adolescent patients were randomly selected. In order to grade the visibility of mandibular anatomical landmarks, a four-point rating scale was used. Results: In panoramic images, the mandibular canal could be observed in 92.5% of cases, with good visibility in 12.0%. The mental foramen could be observed in 44.5% of cases, while none had good visibility. Anterior looping of the mental nerve was present in 16.5% of the cases, and none had good visibility. An incisive canal could be identified in 22.5% of cases, with only 1.5% showing good visibility. The lingual foramen could be visualized in 61.0% of cases, with good visibility in 6%. In CBCT images, the mandibular canal, the mental foramen, and the lingual foramen could be observed in 100% of the cases, with good visibility in 51.0%, 98.5%, and 45.0% of cases, respectively. Anterior looping of the mental nerve was present in 26% of cases, with 2% having good visibility. An incisive canal could be identified in 49.5% of cases, with only 75% showing good visibility. Conclusions: This study confirms the applicability of CBCT images to visualize critical structures in children.
    Medicina oral, patologia oral y cirugia bucal 10/2013; · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/purposeDuring root canal therapy, third roots of mandibular first molars (MFMs) provide an important route for bacterial leakage that can lead to root canal treatment failure and the need for additional surgical intervention. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate root and canal morphology of permanent MFMs in a Turkish population using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).Materials and methodsWe collected 533 CBCT images of MFMs; 81 subjects had unilateral molars and 226 subjects had bilateral molars. The following observations were made: (1) root number; (2) number of canals per root; and (3) root canal configuration in each root using Vertucci's classification with additional modifications.ResultsThe frequency of three-rooted MFMs was 2.4%. Of the 533 MFMs examined, two canals were present in 0.4%, three canals in 69.9%, four canals in 28.7% and five canals in 1.0%. The most common canal morphology in the mesial roots was Vertucci type IV (59.5%), followed by type II (32.8%). The distal roots showed predominantly Vertucci type I (74.7%), followed by types II (12.3%) and IV (9.7%).Conclusion Our results showed a low frequency (2.4%) of three-rooted MFMs in a Turkish population. This close to the average root number among people of European descent. Root and canal configurations of MFMs were consistent with previously reported data. CBCT may be recommended as an effective diagnostic modality for identifying root and canal configuration.
    Journal of Dental Sciences. 03/2013; 8(1):80–86.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to describe agenesis of permanent teeth, excluding the third molars, in a sample of children in Eastern Turkey. This retrospective study assessed 1,291 digital orthopantomograms (OPT) (678 males and 613 females), taken at the Faculty of Dentistry, Ataturk University, Erzurum. The chi-square test was used to compare maxillary and mandibular hypodontia in males and females. Eighty children were found to have at least one tooth absent from their permanent set of teeth. The prevalence of tooth agenesis was 6.2%. A total of 135 permanent teeth were missing as a result of the congenital condition. Tooth agenesis was found more frequently in females than in males. Although there was no significant difference between genders in the prevalence of hypodontia among the children (p>0.05), the difference between genders in children who had congenitally missing teeth (CMT) reached a statistically significant level (p<0.05). When hypodontia in a Turkish paediatric population was compared to other populations, the characteristics were found to be similar to the Western population. However, the population in Eastern Turkey differs from the population in Asia, where there is less incisor tooth agenesis and more second molar tooth agenesis.
    European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry. Official Journal of the Italian Society of Paediatric Dentistry. 03/2012; 13(1):53-6. · 0.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not the Greulich-Pyle (GP) method is adequate for Turkish children. A group of 767 individuals (425 girls and 342 boys) between 7 and 17 years were studied. Bone age (BA) from plain radiographs of left hands and wrists by GP standards was estimated. The total mean differences between BA and chronological age (CA) for girls and boys were found to be 0.20 and -0.13 years, respectively. There were significant differences between BA and CA in age groups 7-, 8-, 10-, 11-, 12-, 13-, 15-, and 16-year-olds for girls and 7-, 10-, and 12-year-olds for boys. The results of this study suggest that the mean differences between BA and CA are low enough to be of no practical significance, and thus, for the time being unless any other methods will be proved more useful, this method could be used in all age groups.
    Journal of Forensic Sciences 12/2011; 57(3):679-82. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of Stafne bone defect (SBD) and to describe the clinical and radiological characteristics of detected cases. A retrospective study was performed using panoramic radiographs from 34 221 patients undergoing dental treatment in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology at Erciyes University and Ataturk University, Turkey. After finding an image compatible with SBD in the radiographs, multislice CT (MSCT) on seven patients and cone beam CT (CBCT) on six patients were performed to confirm the diagnosis. Of the 34 221 patients, 29 (0.08 %) had SBDs, of whom 4 were female (13.8%) and 25 were male (86.2 %). The age range of patients with SBD was 18-77 years (mean age 49.6 years). SBD was found in the lingual molar region in 28 patients and in the lingual canine-premolar region of the mandible in 1 patient. The contour of the concavities on CT images (MSCT and CBCT) was detected. The MSCT revealed glandular tissue within the defects. According to our results, SBD is an uncommon anomaly. Examination of MSCT images supports the presence of aberrant submandibular glands within these mandibular defects, suggesting that pressure from submandibular gland tissue had caused the SBD, as generally thought. Both CBCT and MSCT can provide adequate support for the detection of SBDs. The CBCT could be suggested as the most suitable non-invasive diagnostic modality for this bony configuration of the mandible since it provides a lower radiation exposure dose than MSCT.
    Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 11/2011; 41(2):152-8. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between median rhomboid glossitis (MRG) and Candida and bacteria species, prevalence and possible association with age, gender, smoking, denture wearing, and diabetes mellitus. Tongue examinations were performed on 4244 consecutive patients. Of all the examined patients, 30 diagnosed with MRG were selected as the study group and another 30 patients were selected as the control group, and these 2 groups were compared in terms of age and gender. Tongue cultures from these 60 patients were subjected to bacterial and mycological examinations. MRG frequency was detected to be 0.7%. In mycological examination, Candida species were determined in 90.0% of the MRG patients and in 46.6% of the control group. This difference was statistically significant. Multivariate logistic regression indicated that diabetes mellitus and 20-39 years of age were significantly related to MRG. However, the association between MRG, gender, smoking, and 40-69 years of age was not statistically significant. It was determined that although there was a significant association between MRG, Candida and diabetes mellitus, the possible risk factors such as gender, smoking, and denture wearing for oral candidiasis were invalid for MRG.
    European journal of dentistry. 08/2011; 5(4):367-72.
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    ABSTRACT: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), a tumor of skeletal muscle origin, is the most common soft tissue sarcoma encountered in childhood and adolescence. The common sites of occurrence are the head and neck region, genitourinary tract, retroperitonium, and, to a lesser extent, the extremities. In the head and neck region, the most commonly affected sites are the orbit, paranasal sinuses, soft tissues of the cheek, and the neck. RMS is relatively uncommon in the oral cavity, and the involvement of the jaws is extremely rare. Here, we report a case of oral RMS in a 13-year-old child and describe the clinical, radiological, histopathological, and immunohistochemical findings.
    European journal of dentistry. 07/2011; 5(3):340-3.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and characteristics of mesiodens among a group of orthodontic patients in Turkey. A retrospective study was performed using panoramic radiographs of 3,351 patients ranging in age from 8 to 16 subjected to dental treatment in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Department of Orthodontics (Erzurum, Turkey) between 1996 and 2008. All medical and demographic data (age and sex) were obtained from the files. Descriptive characteristics of mesiodentes, including number, shape, position, complication caused by mesiodens and treatment were recorded. The Chi-squared test was used. Results show that the frequency of mesiodens was 0.3% with the ratio of boys (6 cases) to girls (4 cases) being 1.5:1 and this was not statistically significant (P>.05). Of the 10 children, 8 (80.0%) had 1 mesiodens and 2 (20.0%) had 2 mesiodentes bilaterally to midline. Of the 12 mesiodentes, 8 (66.7%) were fully impacted, 7 (58.3%) in a vertical position and 9 (75.0%) conical shape. The most common complication caused by mesiodens was delayed eruption of the permanent incisors in 4 cases (40.0%). The frequency of mesiodens in Turkish orthodontic patients was found to be 0.3% and more frequently in males with the ratio being approximately 1.5:1. Most of the mesiodentes were in conical shape (75.0%). Sixty-seven percent of the cases were fully impacted.
    European journal of dentistry. 07/2011; 5(3):361-5.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper reports the case of 2 sisters with generalized familial crown resorptions, including co-occurrence of familial dental abnormalities of severe crown resorption, failure of eruption, and congenitally missing teeth, which have not been described earlier in the literature.
    European journal of dentistry. 04/2011; 5(2):206-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not the Nolla method is appropriate for Turkish children for the determination of the dental age (DA). A group of 719 children between the ages of 6 and 18 years were included in the study. DAs from orthopantograms by the Nolla method were estimated. The results obtained were compared with chronologic age (CA). Paired t and the Wilcoxon tests were performed. Both genders were underestimated in dental maturity when compared with the reference samples in total (-0.3 years) (p<0.01). The differences in girls were statistically significant in total and in all groups except for 7-7.9. The differences in boys between the CAs and DAs were not statistically significant in total and in all groups except for 7-7.9 and 8-8.9. Although the accuracy of this method was suitable for boys, according to our findings, it was not suitable for girls.
    Journal of Forensic Sciences 03/2011; 56(4):1025-8. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of pneumatized articular eminence (PAT) by cone beam CT (CBCT) and to present a review of the PAT literature. A retrospective study was performed using sagittal and coronal CBCT images of 514 patients in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Ataturk University, Turkey. Age and gender were recorded for all patients and, for the cases of PAT, laterality and types were also recorded. The χ(2) test was used. Of the 514 patients, 41 (8.0%) had PAT, of whom 25 were female (61.0%) and 16 were male (39.0%). This difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The age range of the patients with PAT was 15-62 years (mean 30.6 ± 11.4). Of the 41 patients, 31 (75.6%) had unilateral and 10 (24.4%) had bilateral PAT. 17 (41.5%) PATs were unilocular and 24 (58.5%) were multilocular. It is possible that PAT is a more frequent condition than is commonly perceived. In differential diagnosis of suspected cases or in cases for which surgical treatment is planned, panoramic radiographs should be supplemented with CBCT.
    Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 02/2011; 40(2):110-4. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/purposeThe aims of this study were to determine the frequency and distribution of developmental anomalies in the permanent teeth of a Turkish orthodontic patient population and determine the relationships between gender and dental anomalies.
    Journal of Dental Sciences - J DENT SCI. 01/2011; 6(2):82-89.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of allergy in patients with benign migratory glossitis (BMG) using patch and prick tests. Eighty patients (40 BMG and 40 healthy controls) received patch and prick tests. If at least one test result was positive, patients were considered to be allergic. The prick test was positive in 10 patients (25.0%) of the study group and in 4 patients (10.0%) of the control group. The patch test was positive in 12 patients (30.0%) of the study group and in 6 patients (15.0%) of the control group. When results of both tests were evaluated together, the study group showed a positive rate of 47.5% (n = 19), whereas the control group showed a positive rate of 22.5% (n = 9) (P = .02). Our results revealed that a combination of prick and patch tests can significantly enhance the diagnostic accuracy of predisposition of allergy in patients with BMG.
    Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 10/2010; 110(4):470-4. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of root dilaceration in a Turkish dental patient population, considering factors such as dental localization and the relationship between the sexes in this anomaly. A retrospective study was performed using periapical radiography of 2,124 patients, who ranged in age from 15 to 65 years old. All data (age, sex and systemic disease or syndrome) were obtained from the patient files and analyzed for root dilaceration. Descriptive characteristics of sexes, jaws, and dental localization were recorded. The Pearson chi-squared test was used. Of the 2,251 patients, 214 (9.5%) were found to have root dilaceration. Root dilacerations were determined in 276 (4.3%) of 6386 teeth, belonging to a total of 2251 patients. Anomalies were found in 9.8% of males, compared with 9.3% of females, a difference that was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Root dilacerations were distributed fairly evenly between the maxilla and mandible. The most frequently root dilacerated teeth were found to be mandibular third molars (12.8%), followed by maxillary third molars (7.4%), and maxillary first molars (6.7%). Root dilaceration was not detected in maxillary central incisors, mandibular central incisors or mandibular lateral incisors. root dilaceration is an uncommon developmental anomaly which occurs mostly in the posterior teeth, which are not prone to suffer trauma. The radiographic diagnosis of this anomaly is important before surgery, and especially before endodontic treatment or orthodontic treatment.
    Medicina oral, patologia oral y cirugia bucal 05/2010; 15(3):e441-4. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of the present study were to investigate the frequency of impaction, agenesis, angular position, and related pathologic changes of third molar teeth in a group of orthodontic patients. Our sample included the panoramic radiographs of 351 orthodontic patients aged 20 to 26 years (mean 22.8). The descriptive characteristics of agenesis, impaction, angular position, and pathologic changes of third molars were recorded. The chi(2) test was used for analysis. The proportion of third molar agenesis was 17.3% with no statistically significant gender differences (18.4% for women and 15.8% for men). The frequency of impacted third molars (ITMs) was 35.9% (24.2% in men and 45.0% in women; P < .05). The frequency of maxillary ITMs was 43.2% (192 of 444 teeth), and the frequency of mandibular ITMs was 56.8% (252 of 444 teeth). The position observed most often was mesioangular inclination, with a frequency of 50.0%. Only 10.4% of the ITM teeth were affected by any pathologic changes, and most of these changes were associated with the horizontal position. The present results showed that agenesis accounted for 17.3% and impaction for 35.9% of the pathologic features in this group of Turkish orthodontic patients aged 20 to 26 years of age. Mesioangular inclination was seen in 50.0%, and a small proportion (10.4%) had pathologic changes of the ITMs.
    Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery: official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons 05/2010; 68(5):990-5. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of tooth agenesis and the associated skeletal morphology and arch widths in a group of Turkish patients seeking orthodontic treatment. We designed a retrospective study composed of pre- and post-treatment panoramic radiographs and lateral cephalometric films of 3,341 patients (2,040 females and 1,301 males). Tooth agenesis was evaluated for hypodontia and oligodontia -excluding the third molars- from the orthopantomograms. The significance test for the differences in the skeletal morphology between hypodontia and non-hypodontia patients was performed using the Pearson chi-square and Student t-test. The prevalence of tooth agenesis was 4.6 percent for the Turkish orthodontic patient population. Tooth agenesis was found more frequently in females than in males, although this difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The most commonly missing teeth were the maxillary lateral incisors, followed by the mandibular second premolars and mandibular central incisors. Intercanine and intermolar widths in the maxillary and mandibular arches were significantly reduced in the hypodontia group compared with the control group (p<0.01). Tooth agenesis was statistically and significantly less in patients with skeletal Class II (p<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in hypodontia patients in the vertical relationship of the jaws (p>0.05). The prevalence of tooth agenesis was found to be 4.6 percent for the Turkish orthodontic patient population (hypodontia 4.3% and oligodontia 0.3%), and was found more frequently in females. Intercanine and intermolar widths were significantly reduced in the hypodontia group for both jaws compared with the control group.
    Medicina oral, patologia oral y cirugia bucal 04/2010; 15(5):e797-801. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    Mevlut Celikoglu, Ozkan Miloglu, Ozkan Oztek
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to investigate the frequency and characteristics of dental transpositions and to evaluate associated dental anomalies in a large sample of Turkish Anatolian population. A retrospective study was performed using panoramic radiographs of 6983 patients (4092 females and 2891 males) ranging in age from 12 to 27 subjected to Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Ataturk (Erzurum, Turkey) between 2005 and 2008. For each patient with tooth transposition we recorded the demographic variables (including age, sex), history of trauma, type, classification, and location of tooth transpositions, and associated dental anomalies. The Pearson chi-squared test was used to determine potential differences in the distribution of tooth transposition when stratified by gender. Tooth transposition was detected in 19 subjects (0.27%), with a 2.2:1 female male ratio (P=0.38). The most commonly observed transposition was maxillary canine-lateral incisor (60%). The frequencies of complete and incomplete transpositions were equal (10/10) and it was more common in the left side than in the right side (11/9). Of the 19 subjects, 10.5% had a peg shaped lateral incisor, 21.1% one congenitally missing tooth excluding third molar. Supernumerary tooth, impacted teeth excluding third molars, transmigrated tooth, and dilacerations were also observed. The frequency of tooth transposition was 0.27% in a Turkish Anatolian population and maxillary canine-lateral incisor was the most frequently observed transposition. Retained primary teeth were the most frequently observed dental anomaly in all types of tooth transposition.
    Medicina oral, patologia oral y cirugia bucal 02/2010; 15(5):e716-20. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the sensitivity for detecting foreign bodies among conventional plain radiography, CT and ultrasonography in in vitro models. Seven different materials were selected as foreign bodies with dimensions of approximately 1 x 1 x 0.1 cm. These materials were metal, glass, wood, stone, acrylic, graphite and Bakelite. These foreign bodies were placed into a sheep's head between the corpus mandible and muscle, in the tongue and in the maxillary sinus. Conventional plain radiography, CT and ultrasonography imaging methods were compared to investigate their sensitivity for detecting these foreign bodies. Metal, glass and stone can be detected with all the visualization techniques used in the study in all of the zones. In contrast to this, foreign bodies with low radiopacity, which could be detected in air with CT, became less visible or almost invisible in muscle tissue and between bone and muscle tissue. The performance of ultrasonography for visualizing foreign bodies with low radiopacity is relatively better than CT. Ultrasonography detects and localizes superficial foreign bodies with low radiopacity in the tissues of the body more effectively than CT and conventional plain radiography. However, CT is a more effective technique for visualization of foreign bodies in air than ultrasound and conventional plain radiography.
    Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 02/2010; 39(2):72-8. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency and pattern of bifid mandibular condyles (BMCs). A retrospective study was performed using panoramic radiographs from 10 200 patients undergoing dental treatment in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (Erzurum, Turkey) between 1996 and 2008. Of the 10 200 patients, 32 (0.3%) had BMCs, of whom 17 were female (53.1%) and 15 were male (46.9%). The age range of the patients with BMCs was 5 to 71 years (mean age 30.0+/-0.40). Of these 32 patients, 24 (75.0%) had unilateral and 8 (25.0%) had bilateral BMCs, none of the patients had a history of trauma. No symptoms associated with bifid condyles were observed in any of the patients with BMCs. It is possible that BMC is a more frequent condition than is commonly perceived. However, because of the minimal symptoms associated with this condition, the authors believe that it will remain an incidental finding upon routine radiographic examination, rather than a clinical observation. Nevertheless, in symptomatic cases or in cases where surgical treatment is planned, panoramic radiographs should be supplemented with CT.
    Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 01/2010; 39(1):42-6. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and distribution of third-molar agenesis in orthodontic patients from the East Anatolian Region of Turkey. Our data were obtained from the panoramic radiographs of the 2,579 patients 12 to 16 years of age in the Department of Orthodontics at the Atatürk University in Erzurum, Turkey. Subjects with congenital deformities, such as a cleft palate, were excluded from the study. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software and a chi-squared test. Of the 2,579 subjects, 1,964 (76.2 percent) had all four third-molar teeth, 238 (9.2 percent) had three, 214 (8.3 percent) had two, 66 (2.6 percent) had one third molar, and 97 (3.8 percent) had agenesis of all third-molar teeth. There was no significant difference in agenesis of third-molar teeth between the right and left sides and no gender predilection was noted. However, significantly more third-molar teeth were found to be missing from the maxilla compared to the mandible, with a ratio of approximately 1.5:1. According to our results, the absence of one third molar is the most frequently detected pattern in the East Anatolian population. Additionally, the absence of third molars is more frequent in the maxilla than the mandible. To date no information about third-molar agenesis in the East Anatolian population from Turkey is documented. This is believed to be the first known study on this subject in this population.
    The journal of contemporary dental practice 01/2010; 11(4):E033-40.