Ozkan Miloglu

Ataturk University, Kalikala, Erzurum, Turkey

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Publications (47)27.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of ponticulus posticus (PP) using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to describe the radiological characteristics of the detected cases. Study Design The presence and types of PP were investigated on 730 CBCT images. Results PP was found in 17.4% (127) of the 730 CBCT scans. Of these 127 patients, 79 (10.8 %) had bilateral PP and 48 (6.6 %) had unilateral PP. Male predominance was found with a prevalence of 19.5% (54 of 277) and female prevalence was 16.1% (73 of 453). The prevalence of PP increased with age; the highest prevalence of PP was seen in those who were 49 to 81 years of age. Conclusions This study shows that PP is not an uncommon anatomical variation and natural incidental finding on CBCT.
    Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 12/2014; · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Odontoma is the most common odontogenic tumor that is radiographically and histologically characterized by the production of mature enamel, dentin, cementum and pulp tissue. It grows slowly and has nonaggressive behavior. This case report presents clinical, radiological and pathological fi ndings of bilateral complex odontoma that is rarely in literature in a 30-year-old female patient. Key words: Bilateral, cone beam computed tomography, odontoma
    Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology. 09/2014; 2(3):88-91.
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Orthodontists usually evaluate the mid-palatal sutural opening with occlusal radiography. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the sutural opening with ultrasonography (USG) in a series of patients undergoing RPE. Methods: The study included 87 USG images and 87 occlusal radiographies from 29 healthy patients (mean age, 13.9 years; range, 11-20 years; 12 boys, 17 girls) who required RPE treatment. The sutural opening was assessed with USG and the amount of sutural expansion as mesio-distal length was measured immediately after appliance practice (T0), 10 turns (T1), and 20 turns (T2) during the expansion period. Sutural expansion evaluated by occlusal radiographies was scored at every stage. Measurements obtained by USG and scores observed in the occlusal radiographies were compared by nonparametric Kendall's tau test. Results: Both USG and radiographic images revealed normal anatomical structure during pre-expansion (stage T0). On USG, sutural expansion was seen in 19 patients at stage T1. There was no expansion at this stage in 10 patients. At stage T2, on USG and radiography, an increase in the amount of expansion was observed in 19 patients with sutural expansion at stage T1 and sutural expansion was observed in 5 patients without sutural expansion at stage T1. No expansion was observed at both stages T1 and T2 in 5 patients. USG measurements and occlusal scores in both T1 and T2 turns showed statistically significant correlation (p<0.001). Conclusion: The results indicate that USG might be a useful method to assess mid-palatal sutural opening in patients undergoing RPE.
    Dento-maxillo-facial radiology. Supplement 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Heterotrophic soft tissue calcification occurs with the deposit of calcium salts in soft tissue rather than bone. The aim of this report is to describe cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) and ultrasonographic (US) findings of 2 cases of soft tissue calcifications that were initially diagnosed as submandibular or parotid sialolithiasis. Multiple soft tissue calcifications were evaluated by panoramic radiography, CBCT imaging, and US imaging in a 50-year-old male patient and a 30-year-old male patient. Calcifications were detected in the soft tissue of the submandibular area at axial, coronal, and multiplanar reformatted examinations and were prediagnosed as sialolithiasis. US examination was conducted to determine the complete relation between the soft tissues and the calcifications. In conclusion, high-resolution dental volumetric tomography with a low radiation dose is the optimal diagnostic tool to analyze the skeletal structure of the maxillofacial region in 3 dimensions. However, it is not sufficient to examine the soft tissues. US imaging is a useful diagnostic tool to evaluate the relation between the soft tissues and the calcifications in the submandibular area.
    08/2014; 72(8):1531.e1-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The treatment to open the midpalatal suture with rapid palatal expansion (RPE) has been widely used in orthodontics to orthopedically increase the transverse dimension of the maxilla in children. Orthodontists usually evaluate the sutural opening with occlusal radiography. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of ultrasonography (USG) for the evaluation of sutural opening with RPE and to compare this with radiographic evaluation, which is currently the standard modality. Methods: Eighty-seven USG images and eighty-seven occlusal radiographies was taken from twenty-nine healthy patients (mean age, 13.9 years; range, 11-20 years; 12 boys, 17 girls) who required RPE treatment were included. The sutural opening was assessed with occlusal radiographs and USG in immediately after appliance practice (T1), ten turns (T2), and twenty turns (T3) of the expansion period. Results: We found out that USG findings and occlusal radiography findings are compatible with each other to assess sutural opening. Conclusion: The results indicated that USG might be a useful and accurate method to assess sutural opening in the midpalatal suture in patients undergoing RPE. Keywords: rapid palatal expansion, rapid maxillary expansion, ultrasonography, occlusal radiography
    ECDMFR 2014 European Congress Dento-Maxillofacial Radiology, Cluj Napoca-Romania; 06/2014
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of several aspects of climate, such as temperature and altitude, on dental maturation.
    The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a wide spectrum of rare genetic disorders characterized by marked fragility of the skin and mucous membranes in which vesiculobullous lesions occur in response to trauma, heat, or no apparent cause.EB is classified into three main types (simplex, dystrophic and junctional). Epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS) is a mechanobullous genodermatosis characterized by an intraepidermal split through the cytoplasm of basal keratinocytes. The aim of this case report is to present the clinical, radiographic and pathological findings of bilateral radicular cyst in a 21 years old-male patient with EBS.
    Congress of the Balkan Stomatological Society – BaSS, Belgrade - Serbia; 04/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: This study was conducted to describe the frequency of diabetes in dental patients, and to compare three different screening methods: the random finger plasma glucose (RFPG) test, the Finnish diabetes risk score (FINDRISC) survey and a special clinical guideline developed for dental patients. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional, descriptive and comparative. The data were collected between August 2011 and February 2012. A total of 702 dental patients participated in this study. The screening tools were RFPG, FINDRISC and a clinical guideline. Data were analyzed using the Chi-squared test, the t test, analysis of variance, and the Pearson correlation test. Results: The frequency of diabetes was 8.3% for the participants. The prevalence of participants at risk for undiagnosed diabetes was 20.1% according to the RFPG test, 29.9% according to the FINDRISC, and 29.8% according to the clinical guideline. Correlation analysis showed a significant positive correlation between the screening methods (p<0.001 for each). Conclusion: The overall frequency of diabetes was 8.3%. It was found that the three screening methods used in this study were statistically similar. However, FINDRISC and clinical guideline as the questionnaire screening tools indicated a little larger group than RFPG with respect to diabetes risk.
    Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Online 01/2014; 30(1):65-9. · 0.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to determine and compare the reliability to accomplish of common mandibular landmarks and to determine the incidence of incisive canals, anterior looping, and lingual foramina in children from panoramic and CBCT images. Design: Panoramic and CBCT images from 100 children and adolescent patients were randomly selected. In order to grade the visibility of mandibular anatomical landmarks, a four-point rating scale was used. Results: In panoramic images, the mandibular canal could be observed in 92.5% of cases, with good visibility in 12.0%. The mental foramen could be observed in 44.5% of cases, while none had good visibility. Anterior looping of the mental nerve was present in 16.5% of the cases, and none had good visibility. An incisive canal could be identified in 22.5% of cases, with only 1.5% showing good visibility. The lingual foramen could be visualized in 61.0% of cases, with good visibility in 6%. In CBCT images, the mandibular canal, the mental foramen, and the lingual foramen could be observed in 100% of the cases, with good visibility in 51.0%, 98.5%, and 45.0% of cases, respectively. Anterior looping of the mental nerve was present in 26% of cases, with 2% having good visibility. An incisive canal could be identified in 49.5% of cases, with only 75% showing good visibility. Conclusions: This study confirms the applicability of CBCT images to visualize critical structures in children.
    Medicina oral, patologia oral y cirugia bucal 10/2013; · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes using random finger prick plasma glucose (RFPG) test in dental patients, and to compare the RFPG results to those of the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) and a clinical guideline. Background. The course of type 2 diabetes may be asymptomatic over several years and about half of diabetic individuals are undiagnosed; dental patients may therefore represent an important source for screening. Design. The study design was descriptive and comparative. Methods. A total of 644 dental patients participated in this study. The data were collected between August 2011 and February 2012. The basic screening tool was RFPG test, performed in each participant. The subjects were referred to a physician as needed according to RFPG results, and were followed up by telephone. Additional data acquisition tools were FINDRISC and a clinical guideline specially developed for dental patients. Data were analyzed using the Chi-squared test, Sperman’s correlation test, and stepwise logistic regression analysis. Findings. The prevalence of previously diagnosed diabetes, type 2 diabetes, IGT and IFG was 8.3, 3, 0.7 and 0.3%, respectively. Correlation analysis showed a significant positive correlation between FINDRISC and the clinical guideline score (p<0.001) and inverse correlations between RFPG and each of the two other screening methods (p<0.001 each). Conclusion. Three screening methods used in this study were could identify type 2 diabetes and prediabetes in dental patients. We are unable, however, to conclude that these are entirely successful screening methods. Keywords: diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, prediabetes, type 2 diabetes, screening methods, dental patients, Turkey
    FDI 101th Congress; 08/2013
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction:Lateral periodental cyst (LPC)is a developmental odotogenic cyst defined as a radiolucent lesions which grows along the lateral surface of erupted vital tooth.Radiologically LPC appears as a round ,oval or teardrop like good circumscribed interradiculer radiolucent lesion . Case history:This report presents the patient who came our clinics is thirty two years old and female had hardly visible swelling that appears sometimes and obtuse pain at right canin teeth region.Any finding could not be found in routine clinical and radiological examination including periapical radioghraphy and ortopantomograph by us.After then we decided CBCT examination and we have seen well defined ,lytic radiolucent lesion not to cause lingual expansion at apex of mandibular right canin teeth in CBCT (Cone beam computed tomoghraphy) examination. Conclusion:Routine radioghraphic examination including ortopantomograph and periapical radioghraphy is not enough sometimes to determine radiolusent lesion.Aim of the this report is to show CBCT examination is a important radiological imaging method to determine radiolucent lesion.
    Turkish Oral Diagnosis and Maxillofacial Radiology Society 5th National Scientific Symposium, Erzurum,Turkey; 04/2013
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION Odontoma is a odontogenic tumor that is radiographically and histologically characterized by the production of mature enamel,dentin,cementum and pulp tissue.Aim of the this report is to show case of bilateral complex odontoma that is rare in literature and to show CBCT is a important radiological imaging method to determine this type masses. CASE HISTORY This report presents the patient who came our clinics is thirty years old and female had pain complaint causes of pulpitis and missing teeth.We found out tooth that have deep caries and missing permanent second molar teeth on routine clinical examination.We took routine radiography including periapical and ortopantomograph.We saw bilateral radiopaque masses that don't resemble teeth are associated with impacted teeth.Then we decided CBCT examination and we analyzed this case as three dimensions and we sent patient to surgical clinic.Masses were removed by surgeon and these were sent to pathology clinic to be examined.The patient was followed up. CONCLUSION Bilateral complex odontoma is that presented on this report is rare in literarature.CBCT examination should be applied for this type cases.
    Turkish Oral Diagnosis and Maxillofacial Radiology Society 5th National Scientific Symposium, Erzurum-Turkey; 04/2013
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    ABSTRACT: Background/purposeDuring root canal therapy, third roots of mandibular first molars (MFMs) provide an important route for bacterial leakage that can lead to root canal treatment failure and the need for additional surgical intervention. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate root and canal morphology of permanent MFMs in a Turkish population using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).Materials and methodsWe collected 533 CBCT images of MFMs; 81 subjects had unilateral molars and 226 subjects had bilateral molars. The following observations were made: (1) root number; (2) number of canals per root; and (3) root canal configuration in each root using Vertucci's classification with additional modifications.ResultsThe frequency of three-rooted MFMs was 2.4%. Of the 533 MFMs examined, two canals were present in 0.4%, three canals in 69.9%, four canals in 28.7% and five canals in 1.0%. The most common canal morphology in the mesial roots was Vertucci type IV (59.5%), followed by type II (32.8%). The distal roots showed predominantly Vertucci type I (74.7%), followed by types II (12.3%) and IV (9.7%).Conclusion Our results showed a low frequency (2.4%) of three-rooted MFMs in a Turkish population. This close to the average root number among people of European descent. Root and canal configurations of MFMs were consistent with previously reported data. CBCT may be recommended as an effective diagnostic modality for identifying root and canal configuration.
    Journal of Dental Sciences. 03/2013; 8(1):80–86.
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the frequency of positive radiographic findings in panoramic radiographs of edentulous patients living in eastern Anatolian population. Methods: For this study, panoramic radiographs of 283 edentulous patient attending to Ataturk University Faculty of Dentistry , Dentomaxillofacial Radiology Department with variable complaint were evaluated. The radiograph were evaluated for presence of retained root, impacted teeth, radiolusent and radiopaque areas ,maxillar sinus close to the crest of the ridge, mental foramen on crest, foreign bodies. Result: Approximately 53.4.% of panoramic radiographs revealed no positive radiographic findings, while the remaining 46.6% contained 1 or more positive radiographic findings. The most widespread positive finding among the edentulous patients of the sample was the incidence of retained roots. There were 81 retained roots in the jaws of 53 patients. According to the age-group of the population sample, it was found that the majority of positive findings belonged to the 50 to 60 year age groups. Conclusion: Routine panoramic examination of the jaws is necessary to detect impacted teeth, retained root fragments, and other radiographic findings that may require treatment before construction of complete dentures.
    17th Congress of the Balkan Stomatological Society, Tirana-Albania; 05/2012
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to describe agenesis of permanent teeth, excluding the third molars, in a sample of children in Eastern Turkey. This retrospective study assessed 1,291 digital orthopantomograms (OPT) (678 males and 613 females), taken at the Faculty of Dentistry, Ataturk University, Erzurum. The chi-square test was used to compare maxillary and mandibular hypodontia in males and females. Eighty children were found to have at least one tooth absent from their permanent set of teeth. The prevalence of tooth agenesis was 6.2%. A total of 135 permanent teeth were missing as a result of the congenital condition. Tooth agenesis was found more frequently in females than in males. Although there was no significant difference between genders in the prevalence of hypodontia among the children (p>0.05), the difference between genders in children who had congenitally missing teeth (CMT) reached a statistically significant level (p<0.05). When hypodontia in a Turkish paediatric population was compared to other populations, the characteristics were found to be similar to the Western population. However, the population in Eastern Turkey differs from the population in Asia, where there is less incisor tooth agenesis and more second molar tooth agenesis.
    European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 03/2012; 13(1):53-6. · 0.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the frequency of positive radiographic findings in panoramic radiographs of edentulous patients living in eastern Anatolian population. Methods: For this study, panoramic radiographs of 283 edentulous patient attending to Ataturk University Faculty of Dentistry , Dentomaxillofacial Radiology Department with variable complaint were evaluated. The radiograph were evaluated for presence of retained root, impacted teeth, radiolusent and radiopaque areas ,maxillar sinus close to the crest of the ridge, mental foramen on crest, foreign bodies. Result: Approximately 53.4.% of panoramic radiographs revealed no positive radiographic findings, while the remaining 46.6% contained 1 or more positive radiographic findings. The most widespread positive finding among the edentulous patients of the sample was the incidence of retained roots. There were 81 retained roots in the jaws of 53 patients. According to the age-group of the population sample, it was found that the majority of positive findings belonged to the 50 to 60 year age groups. Conclusion: Routine panoramic examination of the jaws is necessary to detect impacted teeth, retained root fragments, and other radiographic findings that may require treatment before construction of complete dentures.
    The Journal of Dental Faculty of Atatürk University. 01/2012; 22(3):230-234.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not the Greulich-Pyle (GP) method is adequate for Turkish children. A group of 767 individuals (425 girls and 342 boys) between 7 and 17 years were studied. Bone age (BA) from plain radiographs of left hands and wrists by GP standards was estimated. The total mean differences between BA and chronological age (CA) for girls and boys were found to be 0.20 and -0.13 years, respectively. There were significant differences between BA and CA in age groups 7-, 8-, 10-, 11-, 12-, 13-, 15-, and 16-year-olds for girls and 7-, 10-, and 12-year-olds for boys. The results of this study suggest that the mean differences between BA and CA are low enough to be of no practical significance, and thus, for the time being unless any other methods will be proved more useful, this method could be used in all age groups.
    Journal of Forensic Sciences 12/2011; 57(3):679-82. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of Stafne bone defect (SBD) and to describe the clinical and radiological characteristics of detected cases. A retrospective study was performed using panoramic radiographs from 34 221 patients undergoing dental treatment in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology at Erciyes University and Ataturk University, Turkey. After finding an image compatible with SBD in the radiographs, multislice CT (MSCT) on seven patients and cone beam CT (CBCT) on six patients were performed to confirm the diagnosis. Of the 34 221 patients, 29 (0.08 %) had SBDs, of whom 4 were female (13.8%) and 25 were male (86.2 %). The age range of patients with SBD was 18-77 years (mean age 49.6 years). SBD was found in the lingual molar region in 28 patients and in the lingual canine-premolar region of the mandible in 1 patient. The contour of the concavities on CT images (MSCT and CBCT) was detected. The MSCT revealed glandular tissue within the defects. According to our results, SBD is an uncommon anomaly. Examination of MSCT images supports the presence of aberrant submandibular glands within these mandibular defects, suggesting that pressure from submandibular gland tissue had caused the SBD, as generally thought. Both CBCT and MSCT can provide adequate support for the detection of SBDs. The CBCT could be suggested as the most suitable non-invasive diagnostic modality for this bony configuration of the mandible since it provides a lower radiation exposure dose than MSCT.
    Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 11/2011; 41(2):152-8. · 1.27 Impact Factor