Ben Li

Peking University, Beijing, Beijing Shi, China

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Publications (6)12.95 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of nerve growth factor (NGF) and its receptors tyrosine kinase A (TrkA) and p75 in the ovaries of the wild ground squirrels during the breeding and nonbreeding seasons. In the breeding period, NGF, TrkA and p75 were immunolocalized in granulosa cells, thecal cells, interstitial cells and luteal cells whereas in the nonbreeding period, both of them were detected only in granulosa cells, thecal cells and interstitial cells. Stronger immunostaining of NGF, TrkA and p75 were observed in granulosa cells, thecal cells and interstitial cells in the breeding season compared to the nonbreeding season. Corresponding for the immunohistochemical results, immunoreactivities of NGF and its two receptors were greater in the ovaries of the breeding season then decreased to a relatively low level in the nonbreeding season. The mean mRNA levels of NGF, TrkA and p75 were significantly higher in the breeding season than in the nonbreeding season. In addition, plasma gonadotropins, estradiol-17beta and progesterone concentrations were significantly higher in the breeding season than in the nonbreeding season, suggesting that the expression patterns of NGF, and TrkA and p75 were correlated with changes in plasma gonadotropins, estradiol-17beta and progesterone concentrations. These results indicated that NGF and its receptors, TrkA and p75 may be involved in the regulation of seasonal changes in the ovarian functions of the wild ground squirrel.
    Journal of Ovarian Research 01/2014; 7(1):3. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to elucidate the regulatory role of androgen in the follicular development of wild female ground squirrels. Immunohistochemical staining of FSHR, LHR, P450c17, P450arom, androgen receptor (AR), estrogen receptors (ERa and ERb) were executed in ovaries of female ground squirrels from both breeding and nonbreeding seasons. In addition, total ovarian proteins were extracted from the ovaries of squirrels from breeding and nonbreeding seasons, and Western blot analysis were performed in order to probe for FSHR, LHR, P450c17, P450arom, AR, ERa and ERb. The results of immunohistochemical staining and Western blotting of P450c17 showed that there was no significant difference between the breeding and nonbreeding seasons. It was found that granulosa cells expressed P450arom during the breeding season. In contrast, there was no positive staining of P450arom in the nonbreeding season. There was no significant difference in immunoreactivity of AR between the breeding and nonbreeding seasons. However, the immunoreactivities of ERa and ERb were both significantly reduced in the nonbreeding season compared to the breeding season. The positive stains of FSHR and LHR were found in the granulosa cells and theca cells of the ovaries of the breeding and nonbreeding seasons. In addition, the Western blotting results of FSHR and LHR showed a significant reduction in the nonbreeding season compared with the breeding season. These findings suggested that androgen might be predominantly converted into estrogen in order to regulate the follicular development via binding of estrogen receptors during the breeding season, whereas androgen might predominantly directly bind androgen receptor to regulate the follicular development during the nonbreeding season in the ovaries of wild female ground squirrels.
    Journal of Ovarian Research 09/2012; 5(1):26. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the immunoreactivity of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors flt-1 (VEGFR1) and the kinase domain receptor (KDR/Flk-1, VEGFR2) in the uteri of the wild ground squirrels during the estrous period, early pregnancy and nonbreeding period. Cellular localizations of VEGF, VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 were detected by immunohistochemistry, and total proteins were extracted from uterine tissue in the estrous period, early pregnancy and nonbreeding period for Western blotting analysis. In addition, plasma estradiol-17β and progesterone concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay. Stronger positive staining of VEGF was found in luminal epithelial cells and glandular cells, and its receptors (VEGFR1 and VEGFR2) were observed in stromal cells in the estrous period and early pregnancy compared with the nonbreeding period. The protein levels of VEGF, VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 were significantly higher in the estrous period and early pregnancy as compared with the nonbreeding period. Besides, plasma estradiol-17β and progesterone concentrations were higher in the estrous period and early pregnancy than in the nonbreeding period, suggesting that the immunoreactivities of VEGF, VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 were correlated with changes in plasma estradiol-17β and progesterone concentrations. These results suggested that VEGF and its receptors may be involved in the regulation of seasonal changes in the uterine functions of wild female ground squirrels.
    Journal of Reproduction and Development 06/2012; · 1.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the presence of nerve growth factor (NGF) and its receptors tyrosine kinase A (TrkA) and p75 in the uterus of the wild ground squirrels during the estrous period, early pregnancy and non-breeding period. In the estrous period and early pregnancy, NGF and TrkA were immunolocalized in stromal cells, luminal epithelial cells, glandular cells and smooth muscle cells whereas in the non-breeding period, both of them were detected only in luminal epithelial cells and glandular cells, but not in stromal cells or smooth muscle cells. Stronger immunostaining of NGF and TrkA was observed in luminal epithelial cells and glandular cells in the estrous period and early pregnancy as compared to the non-breeding period. p75 was immunolocalized only in luminal epithelial and glandular cells during the estrous period, early pregnancy and non-breeding period. The intensity of the immunohistochemical signals for p75 did not vary significantly in the estrous period, early pregnancy and non-breeding period. The mean mRNA levels of NGF and TrkA and p75 were significantly higher in the estrous period and early pregnancy as compared to the non-breeding period. Besides, plasma estradiol-17β and progesterone concentrations were higher in the estrous period and early pregnancy than in the non-breeding period, suggesting that the expression patterns of NGF and TrkA are correlated with changes in plasma estradiol-17β and progesterone concentrations. These results indicate that NGF and its receptor TrkA may be involved in the regulation of seasonal changes in the uterine functions of wild female ground squirrels.
    General and Comparative Endocrinology 03/2012; 176(1):62-9. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate seasonal changes of spermatogenesis and the cellular localization of P450c17 and P450arom in wild male ground squirrels during the breeding and non-breeding seasons. The testicular weight, testicular size and score count of spermatogenesis from April to September were measured, and histological and immunohistochemical observations of testicular tissues were performed in wild male ground squirrels. In addition, total proteins were extracted from testicular tissue in the breeding and non-breeding seasons and were used for Western blotting analysis for P450c17 and P450arom. There were marked variations in testicular weight, testicular size and score count of spermatogenesis from the breeding season (April) to the non-breeding season (September). Histologically, spermatogonia, primary spermatocytes, secondary spermatocytes and spermatozoa were identified in the breeding season (April). Immunolocalization of P450c17 was detected in Leydig cells and spermatozoa during the breeding season and was only found in Leydig cells during the non-breeding season. The positive signals of P450c17 by Western blotting were both observed in the breeding and non-breeding seasons. Immunolocalization of P450arom was observed in Leydig cells, Sertoli cells and all types of spermatogenic cells including mature-phase spermatozoa in the breeding season, while immunoreactivity for P450arom was not present in the testis of the non-breeding season. With P450arom antibody, a band was also only detected in the breeding season by Western blotting. These results suggest that the seasonal changes in testicular weight and size are correlated with spermatogenesis and immunolocalization of P450c17 and P450arom, and androgen and estrogen may play an important role in the spermatogenesis and testicular recrudescence and regression process.
    Journal of Reproduction and Development 03/2010; 56(3):297-302. · 1.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the seasonal changes in spermatogenesis and the immunolocalization of the inhibin alpha and inhibin/activin (betaA and betaB) subunits during the breeding and non-breeding seasons in the wild male ground squirrel. The testicular weight and size and seminiferous tubule diameter were measured, and histological observations of testes were performed. The sections of the testes were immunostained by the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex method (ABC) using polyclonal antisera raised against porcine inhibin alpha, inhibin/activin betaA and inhibin/activin betaB during the breeding and non-breeding seasons. There were marked variations in testicular weight and size and seminiferous tubule diameter between the breeding and non-breeding seasons, and all types of spermatogenic cells, including spermatozoa, were found in the breeding season. In addition, immunoreactivity was also detected for the inhibin alpha, betaA and betaB subunits in Sertoli and Leydig cells during the breeding season, but immunostaining was only present for the inhibin alpha and inhibin/activin betaB subunits in Sertoli cells during the non-breeding season. These results suggest that seasonal changes in testicular weight and size and seminiferous tubule diameter of wild ground squirrels are correlated with changes in spermatogenesis, and the cellular localization of the inhibin/activin subunits showed season related changes in the breeding and non-breeding seasons.
    Journal of Reproduction and Development 10/2008; 54(6):460-4. · 1.76 Impact Factor