ABSTRACT: We investigated whether promoter -2518 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) gene contributes to susceptibility and clinical features or severity in Behçet's disease (BD) patients.
One hundred and thirty-two BD patients and 113 healthy subjects, matched by sex and age, were enrolled. Promoter -2518 polymorphism of the MCP-1 gene was analyzed using automated sequencing. Clinical severity in BD patients was classified into mild, moderate, and severe features and assessed by total severity scores. Clinical features and severity was also compared according to genotypes using either the chi-squared or Fisher's exact test and Mann-Whitney test, as indicated.
There were no significant differences in alleles (G allele vs. A allele, p=0.845) and genotypes with -2518 SNP (GG vs. GA vs. AA, p=0.916) between BD patients and controls. No clinical features were associated with genotypes with -2518 polymorphism of MCP-1. However, the frequency of either GA or AA genotype in patients with moderate lesions and moderate to severe lesions was significantly increased compared with that in patients with the GG genotype (p=0.044 and p=0.038, respectively). Total severity scores in the AA genotype were higher than those in the GG and GA genotypes (p=0.039 and p=0.003, respectively). Moreover, patients with either the GA or AA genotype had higher scores than those with the GG genotype (p=0.041).
This study demonstrated that genotypes with A allele with -2518 polymorphism of the MCP-1 gene might have increased risk of severity of clinical features, but not susceptibility to BD.
Agents and Actions 04/2012; 61(6):541-5. · 1.59 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: IL-17 is a novel cytokine that is characterized by an ability to induce several types of cells to secrete proinflammatory cytokines in various inflammatory diseases. This study analyzed the influence of IL-17F gene polymorphisms on disease susceptibility and clinical features. Ninety-nine Behçet's disease (BD) patients and 114 controls were genotyped to analyze three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) including A126G, G155A, and A161G of the IL-17F gene using automated sequencing. We compared the frequencies of IL-17F alleles, genotypes, and haplotypes in patients with BD and controls using the chi-square or Fisher's exact test. Significant differences in the frequencies of allele and genotype in A126G SNP of IL-17 gene were found between BD patients and controls (P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively). None of three IL-17F SNPs were associated with diverse clinical features in BD. The frequency of haplotype AA did not differ between patients with BD and controls (P=0.985). The haplotypes, AG, and GG, have positive and inverse association with BD susceptibility (P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively). These findings suggest that IL-17 gene SNPs may influence the susceptibility of BD.
Rheumatology International 09/2008; 29(2):173-8. · 1.88 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. The surge of TB has been accompanied by an increase in multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). In this study, we developed a denaturing HPLC (DHPLC) method for detecting rpoB gene mutation as a rifampin resistance based on sequence.
In this study, we used 99 mycobacterial isolates grown in Ogawa media. At first, we used a PCR method that can amplify the 235 bp and 136 bp rpoB DNAs of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTB) and Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). And then, PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of rpoB DNA (342 bp), which comprises the Rif(T) region, was used for the differential identification of Mycobacteria. Finally, we detected these amplicons by DHPLC, compared to PCR-RFLP results, and performed sequencing.
Among 99 mycobacterial isolates, 80 (81%) were MTB and 19 (19%) were NTM. NTM were identified to 7 different species by DHPLC and PCR-RFLP. rpoB mutation was detected in 9 (11%) of the MTB specimens. These results were confirmed by using sequencing.
DHPLC provided a rapid, simple, and automatable performance for detection of rifampin resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and would be helpful as a supplemental method in high-throughput clinical laboratories.
The Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine 05/2008; 28(2):95-102. · 0.63 Impact Factor