Chris Twelves

St. James University, Сент-Джеймс, New York, United States

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Publications (122)838.73 Total impact

  • Chris Twelves, Maria Jove, Javier Cortes
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    ABSTRACT: This phase III randomized trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00337103) compared eribulin with capecitabine in patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Women with MBC who had received prior anthracycline- and taxane-based therapy were randomly assigned to receive eribulin or capecitabine as their first-, second-, or third-line chemotherapy for advanced/metastatic disease. Stratification factors were human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) status and geographic region. Coprimary end points were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Median OS times for eribulin (n = 554) and capecitabine (n = 548) were 15.9 and 14.5 months, respectively (hazard ratio [HR], 0.88; 95% CI, 0.77 to 1.00; P = .056). Median PFS times for eribulin and capecitabine were 4.1 and 4.2 months, respectively (HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 0.93 to 1.25; P = .30). Objective response rates were 11.0% for eribulin and 11.5% for capecitabine. Global health status and overall quality-of-life scores over time were similar in the treatment arms. Both treatments had manageable safety profiles consistent with their known adverse effects; most adverse events were grade 1 or 2. In this phase III study, eribulin was not shown to be superior to capecitabine with regard to OS or PFS. © 2015 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
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    ABSTRACT: Oxaliplatin-based adjuvant therapy is the standard of care for stage III colon cancer. Adjuvant capecitabine with or without oxaliplatin versus leucovorin and fluorouracil with or without oxaliplatin has not been directly compared; therefore, we aimed to analyse the efficacy and safety of these treatments using individual patient data pooled from four randomised controlled trials. We also assessed post-relapse survival, which has been postulated to be worse in patients receiving adjuvant oxaliplatin. Patients with resected stage III colon cancer who were 18 years of age or older, with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1, from four randomised controlled trials (NSABP C-08, XELOXA, X-ACT, and AVANT; 8734 patients in total) were pooled and analysed. The treatment regimens included in our analyses were: XELOX (oxaliplatin and capecitabine); leucovorin and fluorouracil; capecitabine; FOLFOX-4 (leucovorin, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin); and modified FOLFOX-6 (mFOLFOX-6). Disease-free survival was the primary endpoint for all trials that supplied patients for this analysis. Here, we compared disease-free, relapse-free, and overall survival between the patient groups who received capecitabine with or without oxaliplatin and those who received leucovorin and fluorouracil with or without oxaliplatin. Post-relapse survival was compared between the combined XELOX and FOLFOX groups, and the leucovorin and fluorouracil groups. Post-relapse survival was also compared between the capecitabine with or without oxaliplatin and leucovorin and fluorouracil with or without oxaliplatin groups. Disease-free survival did not differ significantly between patients who received leucovorin and fluorouracil versus those who received capecitabine in adjusted analyses (hazard ratio [HR] 1·02 [0·93-1·11; p=0·72]) or in unadjusted analyses (HR 1·01 [95% CI 0·92-1·10; p=0·86]). Relapse-free survival was similar (adjusted HR 1·02 [0·93-1·12; p=0·72] and unadjusted HR 1·01 [95% CI 0·92-1·11; p=0·86]), as was overall survival (adjusted HR 1·04 [95% CI 0·93-1·15; p=0·50] and unadjusted HR 1·02 [0·92-1·14]; p=0·65). For overall survival, a significant interaction between oxaliplatin and fluoropyrimidine was recorded in the multiple Cox regression analysis (p=0·014). Post-relapse survival was similar in adjusted (p=0·23) and unadjusted analyses (p=0·33) for the comparison of XELOX or FOLFOX versus leucovorin and fluorouracil, and was also similar for capecitabine-based regimens versus leucovorin and fluorouracil-based regimens (unadjusted p=0·26). Combination therapy with oxaliplatin provided consistently improved outcomes without adversely affecting post-relapse survival in the adjuvant treatment of stage III colon cancer, irrespective of whether the fluoropyrimidine backbone was capecitabine or leucovorin and fluorouracil. These data add to the existing evidence that oxaliplatin plus capecitabine or leucovorin and fluorouracil is the standard of care for the adjuvant treatment of stage III colon cancer, and offers physicians flexibility to treat patients according to the patients' overall physical performance and preference. Genentech Inc. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    The Lancet Oncology 12/2014; 15(13):1481-92. DOI:10.1016/S1470-2045(14)70486-3 · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Current prognostic tools in colon cancer use relatively few patient characteristics. We constructed and validated clinical calculators for overall survival (OS) and time to recurrence (TTR) for stage III colon cancer and compared their performance against an existing tool (Numeracy) and American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) version 7 staging.
    JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 12/2014; 106(12). DOI:10.1093/jnci/dju333 · 15.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Data from two phase 3 studies of eribulin were pooled in analyses initially requested by the European Medicines Agency to assess whether specific patient subgroups, previously treated with an anthracycline and a taxane, benefited from eribulin. Study 305/EMBRACE included women after two-to-five lines of chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer who were randomized to eribulin mesylate (1.4 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 every 21 days) or treatment of physician's choice. In Study 301, patients who had received up to two prior chemotherapy regimens for advanced disease were randomized to eribulin (as above) or capecitabine (1.25 g/m(2) b.i.d. on days 1-14 every 21 days). In the pooled population, overall survival (OS), progression-free survival and response rates were analysed in the intent-to-treat population and selected subgroups. Overall, 1,062 patients were randomized to eribulin and 802 patients to control. Median OS was 15.2 months with eribulin versus 12.8 months with control (hazard ratio [HR] 0.85; 95 % CI 0.77, 0.95; P = 0.003). In all subgroups assessed, OS data favoured eribulin; significant improvements occurred in some subgroups, notably in women with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative disease (HR 0.82; P = 0.002), although the effect in those with HER2-negative but hormone-receptor-positive disease did not reach statistical significance; benefits were also seen, among others, in those with estrogen-receptor-negative and triple-negative disease. Eribulin improves OS in various patient subgroups with advanced/metastatic breast cancer who had previously received an anthracycline and a taxane. Women with HER2-negative disease are among those who may obtain benefit from eribulin.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 11/2014; 149(1). DOI:10.1007/s10549-014-3144-y · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: T-cell infiltration in estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast tumours has been associated with longer survival. To investigate this association and the potential of tumour T-cell infiltration as a prognostic and predictive marker, we have conducted the largest study of T cells in breast cancer to date.
    Annals of Oncology 06/2014; 25(8). DOI:10.1093/annonc/mdu191 · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Following the demonstrated efficacy and safety of eribulin mesylate in heavily pretreated patients with metastatic breast cancer, an exploratory analysis was performed to investigate the effect of age in these patients.Methods.Data were pooled from two single-arm phase II studies and one open-label randomized phase III study in which patients received eribulin mesylate at 1.4 mg/m(2) as 2- to 5-minute intravenous infusions on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle. The effect of age on median overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR), clinical benefit rate (CBR), and incidence of adverse events (AEs) was calculated for four age groups (<50 years, 50-59 years, 60-69 years, ≥70 years).Results.Overall, 827 patients were included in the analysis (<50 years, n = 253; 50-59 years, n = 289; 60-69 years, n = 206; ≥70 years, n = 79). Age had no significant impact on OS (11.8 months, 12.3 months, 11.7 months, and 12.5 months, respectively; p = .82), PFS (3.5 months, 2.9 months, 3.8 months, and 4.0 months, respectively; p = .42), ORR (12.7%, 12.5%, 6.3%, and 10.1%, respectively), or CBR (20.2%, 20.8%, 20.4%, and 21.5%, respectively). Although some AEs had higher incidence in either the youngest or the oldest subgroup, there was no overall effect of age on the incidence of AEs (including neuropathy, neutropenia, and leukopenia).Conclusion.Eribulin monotherapy in these selected older patients with good baseline performance status led to OS, PFS, ORR, CBR, and tolerability similar to those of younger patients with metastatic breast cancer. The benefits and risks of eribulin appear to be similar across age groups.
    The Oncologist 03/2014; 19(4). DOI:10.1634/theoncologist.2013-0282 · 4.54 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 03/2014; 73(24 Supplement):P3-13-04-P3-13-04. DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.SABCS13-P3-13-04 · 9.28 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 03/2014; 73(24 Supplement):P3-13-03-P3-13-03. DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.SABCS13-P3-13-03 · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In vitro, erlotinib (0-30 µmol/l) and C-labelled midazolam (MDZ) (5 µmol/l) were incubated with human liver microsomes; separately, microsomes were preincubated with erlotinib (10 µmol/l) before the addition of MDZ. Results showed a time-dependent inhibition of MDZ metabolism by erlotinib, with a Ki of 7.5 µmol/l and an inactivation rate constant of 0.009/min. Patients with cancer (n=24) received a single oral dose of 7.5 mg MDZ and a single intravenous dose of 3 µCi [C-N-methyl] erythromycin on days 1, 8, 14 and 21. Patients also received 150 mg oral erlotinib daily from day 8 to day 14. Plasma concentrations of erlotinib and OSI-420 were determined on days 8 and 14; MDZ and 1'-hydroxymidazolam were determined on days 1, 8, 14 and 21. Coadministration of erlotinib resulted in a 4 and a 16% increase in CO2 on days 8 and 14, respectively, after the administration of erythromycin. The mean AUC0-last of MDZ decreased 17 and 34% after erlotinib treatment on day 8 and day 14, respectively. The half-life of MDZ and the AUC ratio of 1'-hydroxymidazolam to MDZ were not significantly changed. Although erlotinib may be a weak mechanism-based irreversible inhibitor of CYP3A4 in vitro, in vivo, erlotinib did not inhibit CYP3A-mediated metabolism, as determined by the erythromycin breath test and the MDZ pharmacokinetics. The mechanism for reduced exposure of MDZ is unclear, but may be because of an increase in intestinal metabolism or decreased absorption. These findings suggest that coadministration of erlotinib may not result in clinically relevant increases in exposure of CYP3A substrates.
    Anti-cancer drugs 03/2014; 25(7). DOI:10.1097/CAD.0000000000000099 · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background:Understanding their experiences of diagnosis is integral to improving the quality of care for women living with advanced/metastatic breast cancer.Methods:A survey, initiated in March 2011, was conducted in two stages. First, the views of 47 breast cancer-related patient groups in eight European countries were sought on standards of breast cancer care and unmet needs of patients. Findings were used to develop a patient-centric survey to capture personal experiences of advanced breast cancer to determine insights into the 'trade-off' between extending overall survival and side effects associated with its treatment. The second online survey was open to women with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, or their carers, and responders were recruited through local patient groups. Data were collected via anonymous local language questionnaires.Results:The online stage II survey received a total of 230 responses from 17 European countries: 94% of respondents had locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer and 6% were adult carers. Although the overall experience of care was generally good/excellent (77%), gaps were still perceived in terms of treatment choice and information provision. Treatment choice for patients was felt to be lacking by 32% of responders. In addition, 68% of those who responded would have liked more information about future medical treatments and research, with 57% wishing to receive this information from their oncologist. Two-thirds (66%) of women with advanced breast cancer, or their carers, believed life-extending treatment to be important so that they can spend more time with family and friends, and 67% said that the treatment was worthwhile, despite potential associated side effects.Conclusion:These findings show a continuing need to provide women with advanced breast cancer with better information and emphasise the importance that these patients often place on prolonging survival.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 3 September 2013; doi:10.1038/bjc.2013.492 www.bjcancer.com.
    British Journal of Cancer 09/2013; DOI:10.1038/bjc.2013.492 · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With improved patient care, better diagnosis, and more treatment options after tumor recurrence, outcomes after fluorouracil (FU) -based treatment are expected to have improved over time in early-stage colon cancer. Data from 18,449 patients enrolled onto 21 phase III trials conducted from 1978 to 2002 were evaluated for potential differences in time to recurrence (TTR), time from recurrence to death (TRD), and overall survival (OS) with regard to FU-based adjuvant regimens. Trials were predefined as old versus newer era using initial accrual before or after 1995. Outcomes were compared between patients enrolled onto old- or newer-era trials, stratified by stage. Within the first 3 years, recurrence rates were lower in newer- versus old-era trials for patients with stage II disease, with no differences among those with stage III disease. Both TRD and OS were significantly longer in newer-era trials overall and within each stage. The lymph node (LN) ratio (ie, number of positive nodes divided by total nodes harvested) in those with stage III disease declined over time. TTR improved slightly, with larger number of LNs examined in both stages. Improved TRD in newer trials supports the premise that more aggressive intervention (oxaliplatin- and irinotecan-based chemotherapy and/or surgery for recurrent disease) improves OS for patients previously treated in the adjuvant setting. Lower recurrence rates with identical treatments in those with stage II disease enrolled onto newer-era trials reflect stage migration over time, calling into question historical data related to the benefit of FU-based adjuvant therapy in such patients.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2013; DOI:10.1200/JCO.2013.49.4344 · 17.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: TP300 is a novel topoisomerase I inhibitor with neutropenia as a significant toxicity. We developed and evaluated a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model, using data from Phase I and II trials to predict neutrophil decrease in patients treated with TP300. Plasma drug concentrations of TP300, its active form TP3076 and active metabolite TP3011 and absolute neutrophil counts (ANCs) from a Phase I trial were analysed as a training dataset. A two-plus-two-compartment model was applied to the pharmacokinetics of TP3076 and TP3011. A semi-mechanistic model was used to describe the PK-PD relationship between the plasma concentration of TP3076 and TP3011, and changes in ANC. The model fitted well to plasma concentrations of TP3076 and TP3011. Model appropriateness was confirmed in a Phase II trial validation dataset. Body weight and liver biochemistry values were identified as covariates. A semi-mechanistic PK-PD model was applied and the longitudinal decrease in ANC was simulated. Neutrophil counts reached their nadir approximately 2 weeks after administration of TP300, and the proportion of subjects affected increased with dose. This PK-PD model to predict neutropenia following treatment with TP300 fitted well the decrease in ANC with total concentration of TP3076 and TP3011.
    08/2013; 65(8):1168-78. DOI:10.1111/jphp.12065
  • Jenny Seligmann, Chris Twelves
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    ABSTRACT: Anticancer drugs directed against the microtubule, including taxanes and vinca alkaloids, have been the backbone of many chemotherapy regimes for decades. These drugs have, however, significant limitations, which have prompted the development of novel microtubule targeting agents (MTAs). This article will discuss MTAs for anticancer therapies and recent debates regarding their mechanisms of action. Furthermore, the limitations of taxanes, including hypersensitivity reactions, neurotoxicity, drug resistance and lack of validated biomarkers to guide therapy will be discussed, all of which have driven the development of novel agents. The mechanisms of action and drug development of new generations of MTAs will also be outlined. Agents demonstrating utility in Phase III clinical trials, including eribulin, ixabepilone, cabazitaxel and trastuzumab-DM1 will be highlighted, as well as novel agents currently in development and future directions for MTAs.
    Future medicinal chemistry 03/2013; 5(3):339-52. DOI:10.4155/fmc.12.217 · 4.00 Impact Factor
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    Chris Twelves
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    ABSTRACT: Interview by Sophia Maprayil and Alexandra Hemsley, Commissioning Editors Chris Twelves is a medical oncologist and leads the Section of Oncology and Clinical Research at Cancer Research UK's Clinical Centre at St James's Hospital, Leeds. His particular interest lies in new drug development and clinical pharmacology; his clinical practice to date has been in the field of colorectal and breast cancer. After training in London he was Senior Lecturer, then Reader, in Medical Oncology in Glasgow at the Beatson Oncology Centre before taking up his current post as Professor of Clinical Cancer Pharmacology and Oncology at the University of Leeds and St James's Institute of Oncology. In this role, Twelves leads his team to perform hypothesis-driven studies, prioritizing therapeutics developed locally or through the Cancer Research UK New Agents Committee, of which he has been a member. Twelves also heads the Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre in Leeds; previously he was Chair of the New Drug Development Group of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer. He has published over 150 papers, in addition to several books, and recently presented his group's findings from a Phase III study into the breast cancer drug eribulin.
    Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy 03/2013; 13(3):251-5. DOI:10.1586/era.13.3 · 3.06 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 12/2012; 72(24 Supplement):P6-11-14-P6-11-14. DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.SABCS12-P6-11-14 · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background:The National Epirubicin Adjuvant Trial (NEAT) and BR9601 trials tested the benefit of epirubicin when added to cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (E-CMF) compared with standard CMF in adjuvant chemotherapy for women with early breast cancer. This report details longer follow-up with interesting additional time-dependent analyses.Methods:National Epirubicin Adjuvant Trial used epirubicin (E) 3-weekly for four cycles followed by classical (c) CMF for four cycles (E-CMF) compared with cCMF for six cycles. BR9601 used E 3-weekly for four cycles followed by CMF 3-weekly for four cycles, compared with CMF 3-weekly for eight cycles.Results:In all, 2391 eligible patients were randomised and with a median 7.4-year follow-up, E-CMF confirmed a significant benefit over CMF in both relapse-free survival (RFS) (78% vs 71% 5 years RFS, respectively, hazard ratio (HR)=0.75 (95% CI: 0.65-0.86), P<0.0001) and overall survival (OS) (84% vs 78% 5 years OS, respectively, HR=0.76 (95% CI: 0.65-0.89), P=0.0007). Interaction of treatment effect and prognostic factors was demonstrated for duplication of chromosome 17 centromeric enumeration (Ch17CEP) as previously reported. Poor prognostic factors at diagnosis (ER and PR negative and HER2 positive) showed time-dependent annual hazard rates for RFS and OS. In univariate analysis, these factors demonstrated more favourable HRs for RFS after 5 years. Treatment effects also suggested a differential benefit for E-CMF within the first 5 years for poor prognosis tumours.Conclusion:Longer follow-up has confirmed E-CMF as significantly superior to CMF for all patients. Ch17CEP duplication was the only biomarker that demonstrated significant treatment interaction. Standard poor prognostic factors at diagnosis were time-dependent, and after 5 years disease-free, poor prognosis patients demonstrated favourable HRs for survival.
    British Journal of Cancer 10/2012; 107(8):1257-67. DOI:10.1038/bjc.2012.370 · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Duplication of the centromeric region of chromosome 17 (Ch17CEP) is associated with sensitivity to anthracyclines. An explanation may be chromosome instability (CIN); a frequent event in solid tumours associated with poor outcome. The predictive value of CIN seems to be drug dependent and CIN has been associated with both sensitivity and resistance to chemotherapy. In this study, we used fluorescent in situ hybridisation for chromosomes 1, 7, 11, 17 and 18 to identify patients with high tumour CIN% in 322 patients recruited into the BR9601 clinical trial. High tumour CIN% was correlated to Ch17CEP (P=3.68e-7) and is associated with a reduced RFS (P=0.0011) and OS (P=0.04). Patients with high CIN had a decreased risk of death on E-CMF compared with CMF. CIN is of prognostic significance and may be of predictive value in determining anthracycline response, although further testing is required.
    British Journal of Cancer 05/2012; 107(1):71-4. DOI:10.1038/bjc.2012.232 · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • The Breast 10/2011; 20:S48-S49. DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2011.08.106 · 2.58 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
838.73 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • St. James University
      Сент-Джеймс, New York, United States
  • 2004–2012
    • University of Leeds
      • Division of Clinical Trials Research
      Leeds, England, United Kingdom
    • University of Bradford
      Bradford, England, United Kingdom
  • 2010
    • Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine
      Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
  • 2008
    • Roswell Park Cancer Institute
      Buffalo, New York, United States
  • 2005
    • University of Aberdeen
      Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom
  • 2003
    • Erasmus MC
      • Department of Medical Oncology
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 2001–2003
    • University of Glasgow
      Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
  • 2002
    • Institut Jules Bordet
      Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium
  • 1991
    • Middlesex University, UK
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom