C J Twelves

University of Leeds, Leeds, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (118)784.58 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Current prognostic tools in colon cancer use relatively few patient characteristics. We constructed and validated clinical calculators for overall survival (OS) and time to recurrence (TTR) for stage III colon cancer and compared their performance against an existing tool (Numeracy) and American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) version 7 staging.
    JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 12/2014; 106(12). · 15.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxaliplatin-based adjuvant therapy is the standard of care for stage III colon cancer. Adjuvant capecitabine with or without oxaliplatin versus leucovorin and fluorouracil with or without oxaliplatin has not been directly compared; therefore, we aimed to analyse the efficacy and safety of these treatments using individual patient data pooled from four randomised controlled trials. We also assessed post-relapse survival, which has been postulated to be worse in patients receiving adjuvant oxaliplatin. Patients with resected stage III colon cancer who were 18 years of age or older, with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1, from four randomised controlled trials (NSABP C-08, XELOXA, X-ACT, and AVANT; 8734 patients in total) were pooled and analysed. The treatment regimens included in our analyses were: XELOX (oxaliplatin and capecitabine); leucovorin and fluorouracil; capecitabine; FOLFOX-4 (leucovorin, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin); and modified FOLFOX-6 (mFOLFOX-6). Disease-free survival was the primary endpoint for all trials that supplied patients for this analysis. Here, we compared disease-free, relapse-free, and overall survival between the patient groups who received capecitabine with or without oxaliplatin and those who received leucovorin and fluorouracil with or without oxaliplatin. Post-relapse survival was compared between the combined XELOX and FOLFOX groups, and the leucovorin and fluorouracil groups. Post-relapse survival was also compared between the capecitabine with or without oxaliplatin and leucovorin and fluorouracil with or without oxaliplatin groups. Disease-free survival did not differ significantly between patients who received leucovorin and fluorouracil versus those who received capecitabine in adjusted analyses (hazard ratio [HR] 1·02 [0·93-1·11; p=0·72]) or in unadjusted analyses (HR 1·01 [95% CI 0·92-1·10; p=0·86]). Relapse-free survival was similar (adjusted HR 1·02 [0·93-1·12; p=0·72] and unadjusted HR 1·01 [95% CI 0·92-1·11; p=0·86]), as was overall survival (adjusted HR 1·04 [95% CI 0·93-1·15; p=0·50] and unadjusted HR 1·02 [0·92-1·14]; p=0·65). For overall survival, a significant interaction between oxaliplatin and fluoropyrimidine was recorded in the multiple Cox regression analysis (p=0·014). Post-relapse survival was similar in adjusted (p=0·23) and unadjusted analyses (p=0·33) for the comparison of XELOX or FOLFOX versus leucovorin and fluorouracil, and was also similar for capecitabine-based regimens versus leucovorin and fluorouracil-based regimens (unadjusted p=0·26). Combination therapy with oxaliplatin provided consistently improved outcomes without adversely affecting post-relapse survival in the adjuvant treatment of stage III colon cancer, irrespective of whether the fluoropyrimidine backbone was capecitabine or leucovorin and fluorouracil. These data add to the existing evidence that oxaliplatin plus capecitabine or leucovorin and fluorouracil is the standard of care for the adjuvant treatment of stage III colon cancer, and offers physicians flexibility to treat patients according to the patients' overall physical performance and preference. Genentech Inc. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    The Lancet Oncology 12/2014; 15(13):1481-92. · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Data from two phase 3 studies of eribulin were pooled in analyses initially requested by the European Medicines Agency to assess whether specific patient subgroups, previously treated with an anthracycline and a taxane, benefited from eribulin. Study 305/EMBRACE included women after two-to-five lines of chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer who were randomized to eribulin mesylate (1.4 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 every 21 days) or treatment of physician's choice. In Study 301, patients who had received up to two prior chemotherapy regimens for advanced disease were randomized to eribulin (as above) or capecitabine (1.25 g/m(2) b.i.d. on days 1-14 every 21 days). In the pooled population, overall survival (OS), progression-free survival and response rates were analysed in the intent-to-treat population and selected subgroups. Overall, 1,062 patients were randomized to eribulin and 802 patients to control. Median OS was 15.2 months with eribulin versus 12.8 months with control (hazard ratio [HR] 0.85; 95 % CI 0.77, 0.95; P = 0.003). In all subgroups assessed, OS data favoured eribulin; significant improvements occurred in some subgroups, notably in women with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative disease (HR 0.82; P = 0.002), although the effect in those with HER2-negative but hormone-receptor-positive disease did not reach statistical significance; benefits were also seen, among others, in those with estrogen-receptor-negative and triple-negative disease. Eribulin improves OS in various patient subgroups with advanced/metastatic breast cancer who had previously received an anthracycline and a taxane. Women with HER2-negative disease are among those who may obtain benefit from eribulin.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 11/2014; · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: T-cell infiltration in estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast tumours has been associated with longer survival. To investigate this association and the potential of tumour T-cell infiltration as a prognostic and predictive marker, we have conducted the largest study of T cells in breast cancer to date.
    Annals of Oncology 06/2014; · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Following the demonstrated efficacy and safety of eribulin mesylate in heavily pretreated patients with metastatic breast cancer, an exploratory analysis was performed to investigate the effect of age in these patients.Methods.Data were pooled from two single-arm phase II studies and one open-label randomized phase III study in which patients received eribulin mesylate at 1.4 mg/m(2) as 2- to 5-minute intravenous infusions on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle. The effect of age on median overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR), clinical benefit rate (CBR), and incidence of adverse events (AEs) was calculated for four age groups (<50 years, 50-59 years, 60-69 years, ≥70 years).Results.Overall, 827 patients were included in the analysis (<50 years, n = 253; 50-59 years, n = 289; 60-69 years, n = 206; ≥70 years, n = 79). Age had no significant impact on OS (11.8 months, 12.3 months, 11.7 months, and 12.5 months, respectively; p = .82), PFS (3.5 months, 2.9 months, 3.8 months, and 4.0 months, respectively; p = .42), ORR (12.7%, 12.5%, 6.3%, and 10.1%, respectively), or CBR (20.2%, 20.8%, 20.4%, and 21.5%, respectively). Although some AEs had higher incidence in either the youngest or the oldest subgroup, there was no overall effect of age on the incidence of AEs (including neuropathy, neutropenia, and leukopenia).Conclusion.Eribulin monotherapy in these selected older patients with good baseline performance status led to OS, PFS, ORR, CBR, and tolerability similar to those of younger patients with metastatic breast cancer. The benefits and risks of eribulin appear to be similar across age groups.
    The Oncologist 03/2014; · 4.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In vitro, erlotinib (0-30 µmol/l) and C-labelled midazolam (MDZ) (5 µmol/l) were incubated with human liver microsomes; separately, microsomes were preincubated with erlotinib (10 µmol/l) before the addition of MDZ. Results showed a time-dependent inhibition of MDZ metabolism by erlotinib, with a Ki of 7.5 µmol/l and an inactivation rate constant of 0.009/min. Patients with cancer (n=24) received a single oral dose of 7.5 mg MDZ and a single intravenous dose of 3 µCi [C-N-methyl] erythromycin on days 1, 8, 14 and 21. Patients also received 150 mg oral erlotinib daily from day 8 to day 14. Plasma concentrations of erlotinib and OSI-420 were determined on days 8 and 14; MDZ and 1'-hydroxymidazolam were determined on days 1, 8, 14 and 21. Coadministration of erlotinib resulted in a 4 and a 16% increase in CO2 on days 8 and 14, respectively, after the administration of erythromycin. The mean AUC0-last of MDZ decreased 17 and 34% after erlotinib treatment on day 8 and day 14, respectively. The half-life of MDZ and the AUC ratio of 1'-hydroxymidazolam to MDZ were not significantly changed. Although erlotinib may be a weak mechanism-based irreversible inhibitor of CYP3A4 in vitro, in vivo, erlotinib did not inhibit CYP3A-mediated metabolism, as determined by the erythromycin breath test and the MDZ pharmacokinetics. The mechanism for reduced exposure of MDZ is unclear, but may be because of an increase in intestinal metabolism or decreased absorption. These findings suggest that coadministration of erlotinib may not result in clinically relevant increases in exposure of CYP3A substrates.
    Anti-cancer drugs 03/2014; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With improved patient care, better diagnosis, and more treatment options after tumor recurrence, outcomes after fluorouracil (FU) -based treatment are expected to have improved over time in early-stage colon cancer. Data from 18,449 patients enrolled onto 21 phase III trials conducted from 1978 to 2002 were evaluated for potential differences in time to recurrence (TTR), time from recurrence to death (TRD), and overall survival (OS) with regard to FU-based adjuvant regimens. Trials were predefined as old versus newer era using initial accrual before or after 1995. Outcomes were compared between patients enrolled onto old- or newer-era trials, stratified by stage. Within the first 3 years, recurrence rates were lower in newer- versus old-era trials for patients with stage II disease, with no differences among those with stage III disease. Both TRD and OS were significantly longer in newer-era trials overall and within each stage. The lymph node (LN) ratio (ie, number of positive nodes divided by total nodes harvested) in those with stage III disease declined over time. TTR improved slightly, with larger number of LNs examined in both stages. Improved TRD in newer trials supports the premise that more aggressive intervention (oxaliplatin- and irinotecan-based chemotherapy and/or surgery for recurrent disease) improves OS for patients previously treated in the adjuvant setting. Lower recurrence rates with identical treatments in those with stage II disease enrolled onto newer-era trials reflect stage migration over time, calling into question historical data related to the benefit of FU-based adjuvant therapy in such patients.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2013; · 17.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: TP300 is a novel topoisomerase I inhibitor with neutropenia as a significant toxicity. We developed and evaluated a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model, using data from Phase I and II trials to predict neutrophil decrease in patients treated with TP300. Plasma drug concentrations of TP300, its active form TP3076 and active metabolite TP3011 and absolute neutrophil counts (ANCs) from a Phase I trial were analysed as a training dataset. A two-plus-two-compartment model was applied to the pharmacokinetics of TP3076 and TP3011. A semi-mechanistic model was used to describe the PK-PD relationship between the plasma concentration of TP3076 and TP3011, and changes in ANC. The model fitted well to plasma concentrations of TP3076 and TP3011. Model appropriateness was confirmed in a Phase II trial validation dataset. Body weight and liver biochemistry values were identified as covariates. A semi-mechanistic PK-PD model was applied and the longitudinal decrease in ANC was simulated. Neutrophil counts reached their nadir approximately 2 weeks after administration of TP300, and the proportion of subjects affected increased with dose. This PK-PD model to predict neutropenia following treatment with TP300 fitted well the decrease in ANC with total concentration of TP3076 and TP3011.
    The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology. 08/2013; 65(8):1168-78.
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    Chris Twelves
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    ABSTRACT: Interview by Sophia Maprayil and Alexandra Hemsley, Commissioning Editors Chris Twelves is a medical oncologist and leads the Section of Oncology and Clinical Research at Cancer Research UK's Clinical Centre at St James's Hospital, Leeds. His particular interest lies in new drug development and clinical pharmacology; his clinical practice to date has been in the field of colorectal and breast cancer. After training in London he was Senior Lecturer, then Reader, in Medical Oncology in Glasgow at the Beatson Oncology Centre before taking up his current post as Professor of Clinical Cancer Pharmacology and Oncology at the University of Leeds and St James's Institute of Oncology. In this role, Twelves leads his team to perform hypothesis-driven studies, prioritizing therapeutics developed locally or through the Cancer Research UK New Agents Committee, of which he has been a member. Twelves also heads the Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre in Leeds; previously he was Chair of the New Drug Development Group of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer. He has published over 150 papers, in addition to several books, and recently presented his group's findings from a Phase III study into the breast cancer drug eribulin.
    Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy 03/2013; 13(3):251-5. · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background:The National Epirubicin Adjuvant Trial (NEAT) and BR9601 trials tested the benefit of epirubicin when added to cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (E-CMF) compared with standard CMF in adjuvant chemotherapy for women with early breast cancer. This report details longer follow-up with interesting additional time-dependent analyses.Methods:National Epirubicin Adjuvant Trial used epirubicin (E) 3-weekly for four cycles followed by classical (c) CMF for four cycles (E-CMF) compared with cCMF for six cycles. BR9601 used E 3-weekly for four cycles followed by CMF 3-weekly for four cycles, compared with CMF 3-weekly for eight cycles.Results:In all, 2391 eligible patients were randomised and with a median 7.4-year follow-up, E-CMF confirmed a significant benefit over CMF in both relapse-free survival (RFS) (78% vs 71% 5 years RFS, respectively, hazard ratio (HR)=0.75 (95% CI: 0.65-0.86), P<0.0001) and overall survival (OS) (84% vs 78% 5 years OS, respectively, HR=0.76 (95% CI: 0.65-0.89), P=0.0007). Interaction of treatment effect and prognostic factors was demonstrated for duplication of chromosome 17 centromeric enumeration (Ch17CEP) as previously reported. Poor prognostic factors at diagnosis (ER and PR negative and HER2 positive) showed time-dependent annual hazard rates for RFS and OS. In univariate analysis, these factors demonstrated more favourable HRs for RFS after 5 years. Treatment effects also suggested a differential benefit for E-CMF within the first 5 years for poor prognosis tumours.Conclusion:Longer follow-up has confirmed E-CMF as significantly superior to CMF for all patients. Ch17CEP duplication was the only biomarker that demonstrated significant treatment interaction. Standard poor prognostic factors at diagnosis were time-dependent, and after 5 years disease-free, poor prognosis patients demonstrated favourable HRs for survival.
    British Journal of Cancer 10/2012; 107(8):1257-67. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Duplication of the centromeric region of chromosome 17 (Ch17CEP) is associated with sensitivity to anthracyclines. An explanation may be chromosome instability (CIN); a frequent event in solid tumours associated with poor outcome. The predictive value of CIN seems to be drug dependent and CIN has been associated with both sensitivity and resistance to chemotherapy. In this study, we used fluorescent in situ hybridisation for chromosomes 1, 7, 11, 17 and 18 to identify patients with high tumour CIN% in 322 patients recruited into the BR9601 clinical trial. High tumour CIN% was correlated to Ch17CEP (P=3.68e-7) and is associated with a reduced RFS (P=0.0011) and OS (P=0.04). Patients with high CIN had a decreased risk of death on E-CMF compared with CMF. CIN is of prognostic significance and may be of predictive value in determining anthracycline response, although further testing is required.
    British Journal of Cancer 05/2012; 107(1):71-4. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prediction of response to anthracycline-based therapy for breast cancer is challenging. We aimed to assess the value of HER2 and TOP2A as predictive markers of response to anthracycline-based adjuvant therapy in patients with early breast cancer. We did a meta-analysis of individual patient data from five randomised adjuvant trials that compared anthracycline-based regimens with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil (CMF) regimens. We assessed the status of HER2 and TOP2A genes with fluorescent in-situ hybridisation. Tumour samples were submitted to an external laboratory for validation. We calculated hazard ratios (HR) to compare event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival in patients receiving anthracycline-based treatment with those receiving CMF in two HER2 cohorts (HER2 amplified and non-amplified tumours) and in three TOP2A cohorts (normal, amplified, and deleted tumours). We analysed data for 3452 patients for HER2 and 3102 patients for TOP2A. For EFS, HRs were 0·89 (95% CI 0·79-1·01) for HER2 non-amplified patients and 0·71 (0·58-0·86) for HER2-amplified patients (p(interaction)=0·0485); for overall survival, HRs were 0·91 (95% CI 0·79-1·05) for HER2 non-amplified patients and 0·73 (0·59-0·89) for HER2-amplified patients (p(interaction)=0·0718). In analysis of TOP2A status, HRs for EFS were 0·88 (0·78-1·00) for normal, 0·63 (0·46-0·87) for deleted, and 0·62 (0·43-0·90) for amplified (p(interaction)=0·0513); HRs for overall survival were 0·89 (0·78-1·03) for normal, 0·68 (0·49-0·95) for deleted, and 0·67 (0·46-0·98) for amplified (p(interaction)=0·1608). When patients with TOP2A-deleted and TOP2A-amplified tumours were grouped together (altered cohort) and compared with data from patients with normal TOP2A tumours, HRs for EFS were 0·64 (0·50-0·81) for altered and 0·88 (0·78-1·00) for normal (p(interaction)=0·0183); HRs for overall survival were 0·67 (0·52-0·86) for altered and 0·89 (0·78-1·03) for normal (p(interaction)=0·0455). Although HER2 amplification and combined TOP2A amplification and deletion may have some value in the prediction of responsiveness to anthracycline-based chemotherapy, our findings do not support the use of anthracyclines only in patients with HER2-amplified or TOP2A-aberrated tumours. Associazione Italiana Ricerca Cancro, Academy of Finland, Belgian Federation Against Cancer, Cancer Research UK, Les Amis de l'Institut Bordet, Scottish Breast Cancer Trials Group, NCIC Clinical Trials Group, Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute, Danish Council for Strategic Research, Pharmacia-Upjohn (now Pfizer), and Abbott Laboratories.
    The Lancet Oncology 09/2011; 12(12):1134-42. · 25.12 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Cancer 09/2011; 47. · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Literature reviews of cancer trials have highlighted the need for better understanding of phase II statistical designs. Understanding the key elements associated with phase II design and knowledge of available statistical designs is necessary to enable appropriate phase II trial design. A systematic literature review was performed to identify phase II trial designs applicable to oncology trials. The results of the review were used to create a library of currently available designs, and to develop a structured approach to phase II trial design outlining key points for consideration. A total of 122 papers describing new or adapted phase II trial designs were obtained. These were categorised into nine levels, reflecting the practicalities of implementation, and form a library of phase II designs. Key design elements were identified by data extraction. Along with detailed description of the key elements and the library of designs, a structured thought process was developed to form a guidance document for choice of phase II oncology trial design. The guidance offers researchers a structured and systematic approach to identifying phase II trial designs, highlighting key issues to be considered by both clinicians and statisticians and encouraging an interactive approach to more informed trial design.
    British Journal of Cancer 06/2011; 105(2):194-9. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: HER2 overexpression/amplification is linked with poor prognosis in early breast cancer. Co-expression of HER2 and HER3 is associated with endocrine and chemotherapy resistance, driven not simply by expression but by signalling via HER2:HER3 or HER2:HER2 dimers. Proximity ligation assays (PLAs) detect protein-protein complexes at a single-molecule level and allow study of signalling pathways in situ. A cohort of 100 tumours was analyzed by PLA, IHC and FISH. HER complexes were analyzed by PLA in a further 321 tumours from the BR9601 trial comparing cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and fluorouracil (CMF) with epirubicin followed by CMF (epi-CMF). The relationships between HER dimer expression and RFS and OS were investigated, and multivariate regression analysis identified factors influencing patient prognosis. PLA successfully and reproducibly detected HER2:HER2 and HER2:HER3 protein complexes in vivo. A significant association (P < 0.00001) was identified between HER2 homodimerization and HER2 gene amplification. Following a minimum p value approach high levels of HER2:HER2 dimers were significantly associated with reduced relapse-free (RFS; hazard ratio = 1.72, 95% confidence interval 1.15-2.56, P = 0.008) and overall survival (OS HR = 1.69 95% CI = 1.09-2.62, P = 0.019). Similarly, high levels of HER2:HER3 dimers were associated with reduced RFS (HR = 2.18, 95% CI = 1.46-3.26, P = 0.00016) and OS (HR = 2.21, 95% CI = 1.41-3.47, P = 0.001). This study demonstrates that in situ detection of HER2 and HER2:3 protein:protein complexes can be performed robustly and reproducibly in clinical specimens, provides novel prognostic information and opens a significant novel opportunity to probe the clinical impact of cellular signalling processes.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 06/2011; 132(2):463-70. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether the pharmacokinetics and tolerability of gefitinib were altered in patients with hepatic impairment due to cirrhosis or hepatic metastases in two open, parallel-group, multicenter studies. In Study 1, subjects with normal hepatic function or mild, moderate, or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh criteria) due to cirrhosis received single-dose gefitinib 250 mg (n = 10 per group). In Study 2, patients with solid malignant tumors with normal liver biochemistry (n = 18), moderate (n = 16), or severe (n = 7) hepatic impairment (liver biochemistry tests) due to metastases received gefitinib 250 mg daily for 28 days. In Study 1, the geometric mean area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) for gefitinib was significantly higher in patients with hepatic impairment compared with healthy subjects; hepatic impairment was associated with reduced gefitinib plasma clearance, longer half-life, and reduced plasma metabolite levels. In Study 2, the geometric mean gefitinib steady-state AUC during the 24-h dosing interval was slightly, but not significantly, higher in patients with moderate hepatic impairment; there were, however, no significant differences between groups in gefitinib and metabolite pharmacokinetic parameters. In both studies, gefitinib was well tolerated across all cohorts. We conclude that the effect of hepatic impairment on gefitinib pharmacokinetics depends on the underlying etiology of that impairment and its classification.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 04/2011; 68(6):1485-95. · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Treatments with survival benefit are greatly needed for women with heavily pretreated metastatic breast cancer. Eribulin mesilate is a non-taxane microtubule dynamics inhibitor with a novel mode of action. We aimed to compare overall survival of heavily pretreated patients receiving eribulin versus currently available treatments. In this phase 3 open-label study, women with locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer were randomly allocated (2:1) to eribulin mesilate (1·4 mg/m(2) administered intravenously during 2-5 min on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle) or treatment of physician's choice (TPC). Patients had received between two and five previous chemotherapy regimens (two or more for advanced disease), including an anthracycline and a taxane, unless contraindicated. Randomisation was stratified by geographical region, previous capecitabine treatment, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status. Patients and investigators were not masked to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was overall survival in the intention-to-treat population. This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00388726. 762 women were randomly allocated to treatment groups (508 eribulin, 254 TPC). Overall survival was significantly improved in women assigned to eribulin (median 13·1 months, 95% CI 11·8-14·3) compared with TPC (10·6 months, 9·3-12·5; hazard ratio 0·81, 95% CI 0·66-0·99; p=0·041). The most common adverse events in both groups were asthenia or fatigue (270 [54%] of 503 patients on eribulin and 98 [40%] of 247 patients on TPC at all grades) and neutropenia (260 [52%] patients receiving eribulin and 73 [30%] of those on TPC at all grades). Peripheral neuropathy was the most common adverse event leading to discontinuation from eribulin, occurring in 24 (5%) of 503 patients. Eribulin showed a significant and clinically meaningful improvement in overall survival compared with TPC in women with heavily pretreated metastatic breast cancer. This finding challenges the notion that improved overall survival is an unrealistic expectation during evaluation of new anticancer therapies in the refractory setting. Eisai.
    The Lancet 03/2011; 377(9769):914-23. · 39.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The activity and safety of eribulin mesylate (E7389), a nontaxane microtubule dynamics inhibitor with a novel mechanism of action, were evaluated in patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer previously treated with an anthracycline, taxane, and capecitabine. Eligible patients in this single-arm, open-label phase II study received eribulin mesylate (1.4 mg/m(2)) administered as a 2- to 5-minute intravenous infusion on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle. The primary end point was objective response rate (ORR) assessed by independent review. Of 299 enrolled patients who had received a median of four prior chemotherapy regimens, 291 received eribulin (for a median of four cycles). Of these, 269 patients met key inclusion criteria for the primary efficacy analysis. The primary end point of ORR by independent review was 9.3% (95% CI, 6.1% to 13.4%; all partial responses [PRs]), the stable disease (SD) rate was 46.5%, and clinical benefit rate (complete response + PR + SD > or = 6 months) was 17.1%. The investigator-reported ORR was 14.1% (95% CI, 10.2% to 18.9%). Median duration of response was 4.1 months, and progression-free survival was 2.6 months. Median overall survival was 10.4 months. The most common treatment-related grade 3 or 4 toxicities were neutropenia (54%; febrile neutropenia, 5.5%), leukopenia (14%), and asthenia/fatigue (10%; no grade 4); grade 3 neuropathy occurred in 6.9% of patients (no grade 4). Eribulin demonstrated antitumor activity in extensively pretreated patients who had previously received an anthracycline, taxane, and capecitabine, with a manageable tolerability profile.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2010; 28(25):3922-8. · 17.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The NEAT/BR9601 trial showed benefit for addition of anthracyclines to cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil (CMF) as adjuvant treatment for early breast cancer. We investigated prospectively predictive biomarkers of anthracycline benefit including HER2 and TOP2A. 1941 tumours from 2391 women recruited to NEAT/BR9601 were analysed on tissue microarrays for HER2 and TOP2A amplification and deletion, HER1-3 and Ki67 expression, and duplication of chromosome 17 centromere enumeration probe (Ch17CEP). Log-rank analyses identified factors affecting relapse-free and overall survival, and regression models tested independent prognostic effect of markers, with adjustment for known prognostic factors (age, nodal status, oestrogen-receptor status, grade, and tumour size). The predictive value of markers was tested by treatment interactions for relapse-free and overall survival. 1762 patients were analysed. 21% of tumours (n=367) were HER2 amplified, 10% were TOP2A amplified (n=169), 11% showed TOP2A deleted (n=191), 23% showed Ch17CEP duplication (n=406), and 61% had high (>13.0%) Ki67 (n=1136). In univariate analyses, only HER2 amplification and TOP2A deletion were significant prognostic factors for relapse-free (hazard ratio [HR] 1.59, 95% CI 1.32-1.92, p<0.0001; and 1.52, 1.20-1.92, p=0.0006, respectively) and overall survival (1.79, 1.47-2.19, p<0.0001; and 1.62, 1.26-2.08, p=0.0002 respectively). We detected no significant interaction with anthracycline benefit for Ki67, HER2, HER1-3, or TOP2A. By contrast, in multivariate analyses, Ch17CEP duplication was associated with significant improvements in both relapse-free (HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.72-1.18 for tumours with normal Ch17CEP vs 0.52, 0.34-0.81 for tumours with abnormal Ch17CEP; p for interaction=0.004) and overall survival (0.94, 0.72-1.24 vs 0.57, 0.36-0.92; p for interaction=0.02) with anthracycline use. In women with early breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy, the most powerful predictor of benefit from anthracyclines is Ch17CEP duplication. In view of the location of HER2/TOP2A on chromosome 17, Ch17CEP duplication might explain the inconsistencies in previous studies of factors predicting benefit from anthracyclines. Cancer Research UK and the Scottish Breast Cancer Clinical Trials Group.
    The Lancet Oncology 03/2010; 11(3):266-74. · 25.12 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
784.58 Total Impact Points


  • 2006–2013
    • University of Leeds
      • • Division of Clinical Trials Research
      • • Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine (LIMM)
      Leeds, England, United Kingdom
  • 2011
    • University Hospital Vall d'Hebron
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain
    • Charles University in Prague
      Praha, Praha, Czech Republic
  • 2008
    • Western General Hospital
      Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
    • University of Pennsylvania
      • "Abramson" Cancer Center
      Philadelphia, PA, United States
  • 2005
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bordeaux
      Burdeos, Aquitaine, France
    • Hannover Medical School
      • Clinic for Haematology, Haemostaseology and Oncology
      Hannover, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2004–2005
    • University of Bradford
      Bradford, England, United Kingdom
    • East Coast Community Healthcare CIC
      Beccles, England, United Kingdom
  • 2003
    • Leiden University Medical Centre
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
    • Erasmus MC
      • Department of Medical Oncology
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 2002–2003
    • University of Glasgow
      • Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
      Glasgow, SCT, United Kingdom
    • Institut Jules Bordet
      Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium
    • Beatson Institute for Cancer Research
      Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
  • 1989
    • Middlesex University, UK
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom