[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: To examine the relationship between the incidence of later cardiovascular events after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery and postoperative lipid levels. Methods: Atherosclerotic risk factors including postoperative serum lipid levels were examined in 116 patients aged 70 or less undergoing an elective AAA surgery. Later cardiovascular events after AAA surgery occurred in 21 patients, including cerebral infarction (n = 4), catheter intervention or surgery for coronary artery disease (CAD) (n = 10) and other vascular disease. Results: Postoperative cholesterol levels during the average follow-up period of 55.6 ± 44.3 (months) were 49.0 ± 15.7 (mg/dL) for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), 97.9 ± 31.2 (mg/dL) for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), which were both significantly improved compared to preoperative values (p <0.001). Cox hazard analysis indicated that preexistent CAD significantly increased in the risk for later cardiovascular events (hazard ratio 5.67; 95%CI 1.92-16.8; p = 0.002) and lowered postoperative LDL-C/HDL-C ratio <1.5 decreased in the risk after AAA surgery (hazard ratio 0.10; 95%CI 0.01-0.83; p = 0.033). Patients with postoperative LDL-C/HDL-C ratio <1.5 (n = 22) had a significantly better cardiovascular event-free rate than those with that ratio ≥1.5 (n = 94) (p = 0.014). Conclusion: Lowered postoperative LDL-C/HDL-C ratio <1.5 can decrease in the risk for later cardiovascular events after AAA surgery. These results may support the rationale for postoperative aggressive lipid-modifying therapy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: To examine the relationship between incidence of later, local vascular events (restenosis and occlusion) and clinical factors including lipid levels after surgical or endovascular treatment of peripheral artery disease (PAD). Methods: Consecutive 418 PAD lesions (in 308 patients under the age of 70) treated with surgical (n = 188) or endovascular (n = 230) repair for iliac (n = 228) and infrainguinal (n = 190) lesions were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical features and lipid levels were compared between patients who developed vascular events (n = 51; VE group) and those who did not (n = 257; NoVE group). Results: Among assessed factors, post-therapeutic low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels (mg/dL) were significantly higher in the VE group (120.4 ± 31.2) than in the NoVE group (108.2 ± 25.1) (P = 0.01). Infrainguinal lesions were more common in the VE than in the NoVE group (P <0.001). Cox hazard analysis indicated that infrainguinal lesions relative to iliac lesions significantly increased the risk of vascular events (hazard ratio (HR) 3.35; 95% CI 1.63-6.90; P = 0.001) and post-therapeutic LDL-C levels <130 (mg/dL) decreased the risk (HR 0.34; 95%CI 0.17-0.67; P = 0.002). Conclusion: Lowered post-therapeutic LDL-C levels can decrease the risk of later, local vascular events after PAD treatment. These results may support the rationale for aggressive lipid-modifying therapy for PAD.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: To determine the predictive value of serum lipid levels on the development of later cardiovascular events after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery. Methods: A total of 101 patients under 70 undergoing an elective AAA surgery were divided into the following two groups: 1) those who developed later cardiovascular events after AAA surgery, including cerebral infarction (n = 4), catheter intervention (PCI) or surgery for coronary artery disease (CAD) (n = 9) and other vascular disease. (CVE group; n = 19); 2) those without later events (NoCVE group: n = 82). Preoperative atherosclerotic risk factors including serum lipid levels were subjected to univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: The CVE group showed a significantly lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level (32.9 ± 6.6 vs 41.6 ± 12.1 mg/dL; p <0.001), higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) / HDL-C ratio (4.30 ± 1.01 vs 3.24 ± 1.15; p = 0.001), and higher prevalence of mild CAD (without an indication of PCI) (p = 0.029) preoperatively. Cox hazard analysis indicated that preexistent mild CAD (hazard ratio 4.70) and preoperative HDL-C <35 mg/dL (hazard ratio 3.07) were significant predictors for later cardiovascular events after AAA surgery. Conclusion: Patients at high risk for later cardiovascular events should require a careful follow-up and may also require an aggressive lipid-modifying therapy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To identify the most prognostic predictor of Stanford type B aortic dissection at admission.
Forty-three patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection were divided into two groups: (1) those who developed dissection-related events later (EV group: n = 18), including the need for surgery (n = 12), rupture (n = 1), dissection-related death (n = 5), and aortic enlargement > or =5 mm in diameter per year (n = 15); (2) those without later events (NoEV group: n = 25). Clinical features, aortic diameters, and blood flow status were compared.
The maximum aortic diameter at admission was 41.5 +/- 1.7 mm for the EV group, which was significantly greater than the NoEV group (34.4 +/- 0.9 mm, p <0.001). A maximum aortic diameter > or =40 mm was found in 11 patients (61%) of the EV group, whereas this maximum was found in 4 (16%) of the NoEV group (p = 0.004). A patent false lumen at admission was found in all patients of the EV group and in 17 (68%) of the NoEV group (p = 0.013). Other factors were not significant. A Cox hazard analysis indicated a maximum aortic diameter > or =40 mm as a significant predictor for dissection-related events (hazard ratio 3.13, p = 0.032). The presence of a patent false lumen did not reach a statistical significance.
Our results indicated that a maximum aortic diameter > or =40 mm at admission was the most prognostic factor for developing late dissection-related events, rather than the presence of a patent false lumen.
Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia. 10/2008; 14(5):303-10.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) successfully treated with septal myectomy and mitral valve replacement (MVR) combined with a resection of the hypertrophic papillary muscles. The patient, a 74-year-old woman, first underwent the conventional septal myectomy through aortotomy. The papillary muscles revealed a marked hypertrophy, but extended myectomy and precise resection of the hypertrophic papillary muscles were thought to be difficult through the aortotomy. Through the right-sided left atriotomy, MVR and resection of the papillary muscles were additionally performed. The patient was smoothly weaned from the cardiopulmonary bypass, and the postoperative course was uneventful. The outflow pressure gradient was relieved to 0 mm Hg, from 94. The mean pulmonary artery pressure was reduced to 27 mm Hg, from 42. The patient has been doing well in the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class between I and II during 45 months of follow-up, without complications related to the use of a prosthetic valve. Septal myectomy is the procedure of choice in the surgical treatment of HOCM for most cases, but some may require additional mitral valve procedures. In patients with marked hypertrophic papillary muscles, MVR and resection of the muscles may be an option of treatment to ensure a relief of the outflow obstruction and to abolish systolic anterior movement in units with limited experience.
Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery: official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia 09/2008; 14(4):258-62. · 0.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Between January 1994 and August 1999, we experienced 16 cases of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in severe left ventricular dysfunction with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < or = 40%. Four had additional endoventricular patch plasty in large postinfarction akinetic scars, the so-called Dor approach, to CABG (group D). Eleven had only CABG, or CABG and mitral annuloplasty (group C). One had linear repair after the resection of the left ventricular aneurysm. One died of sustained low output syndrome 5 months after the operation in group C. Fractioning shortening and left ventricular diastolic diameter were not changed after the operation in group C. On the other hand, in group D, there were no complications after the operation, LVEF was significantly improved from 31.5 +/- 4.9% to 62.5 +/- 5.9% (p < 0.01) and the left ventricular end-diastolic volume index was reduced from 118 +/- 23 ml/m2 to 74 +/- 12 ml/m2 (p < 0.01). The Dor approach is considered to be a safe and effective additional procedure to CABG in severe patients with a large akinetic antero-septal segment.
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 02/2001; 54(2):114-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC), some reports suggest that atrial arrhythmia was occurred as a late post-operative complication when the extended incision over the both atria was made by lateral approach, while the posterior approach in adult case often is difficult to expose operative field. A 42-year-old female patient with supracardiac type of TAPVC, Darling Ia type, was successfully corrected using superior approach. During procedure, the excellent operative field was obtained and large size of anastomosis between the posterior wall of left atrium and the common pulmonary vein could be carried out without lifting up the apex of the heart or the extensive incision of the both atria. The post-operative angiogram revealed no stenosis or distortion at the anastomotic site. We reviewed the 17 adult cases of supracardiac type of TAPVC repair in Japan, however, the superior approach was not reported. Our experience would suggest the superior approach is useful in the adult patient to repair supracardiac type of TAPVC. In addition to surgical approach, the pitfall of the post-operative hemodynamic changes in adult case of TAPVC repair was discussed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 38-year-old female with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery (LCA) from pulmonary artery was surgically corrected by tubular reconstruction of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) using the pulmonary artery wall, and this repair was performed under beating heart. Thus, the pulmonary artery was divided above the orifice level and just above the pulmonary valve, and the commissure between nonfacing and left side sinuses was dissected away from the pulmonary artery wall to obtain lateral flaps. The pulmonary artery defect was reconstructed with a roll using an autologous pericardial patch, while the detached commissure was suspended on the pericardial patch. The long tube constructed using pulmonary artery tissue was anastomosed to the anterior aspect of the ascending aorta. These procedures were performed under beating heart simply by clamping the LMCA, since the preoperative myocardial contrast echocardiography confirmed the adequate coronary collateral flow from the right circulation. The postoperative course was uneventful, and a coronary artery angiogram demonstrated a widely patent LMCA. Our experience suggests that, in adult cases, this procedure could be performed without myocardial ischemia simply by clamping the LMCA because of well-developed coronary collateral arteries. The safety of this technique could be confirmed by myocardial contrast echocardiography.
Journal of Cardiac Surgery 01/1997; 12(4):270-6. · 1.35 Impact Factor