Min Sung Lee

Soonchunhyang University, Onyang, South Chungcheong, South Korea

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Publications (5)11.78 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Microbial components have been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory skin diseases. The extract of from the barks of Ilex rotunda Thunb has demonstrated anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. However, the effect of hemiterpene rotundarpene (4-caffeoyl-3-methyl-but-2-ene-1,4-diol) on the Toll-like receptor (TLR)-2 activation-induced production of inflammatory mediators in keratinocytes has not been studied. Using human keratinocytes, we investigated the effect of rotundarpene on the inflammatory mediator production in relation to the TLR-2-mediated-Akt and NF-κB pathways, which regulates the transcription genes involved in immune and inflammatory responses. Rotundarpene, Akt inhibitor, Bay 11-7085 and N-acetylcysteine each attenuated the lipoteichoic acid- or peptidoglycan-induced production of cytokines and chemokines, expression of TLR-2, activation of NF-κB and Akt, and formation of reactive oxygen species in keratinocytes. Cyclosporine A attenuated the bacterial component-induced production of inflammatory mediators but did not reduce the formation of reactive oxygen species. The results show that rotundarpene may attenuate the bacterial component-stimulated production of inflammatory mediators in keratinocytes by suppressing the TLR-2-mediated activation of the Akt and NF-κB pathways. The effect of rotundarpene may be attributed to its inhibitory effect on the formation of reactive oxygen species. Rotundarpene may exert a preventive effect against the bacterial component-mediated inflammatory skin diseases.
    International immunopharmacology 12/2013; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Quercetin and its derivatives have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. However, the effect of quercetin-3-O-(2″-galloyl)-α-l-rhamnopyranoside (QGR), a new quercetin derivative, on the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-stimulated production of inflammatory mediators in keratinocytes is unclear. In addition, the effect of QGR on the ERK and NF-κB-mediated inflammatory process has not been studied. In human keratinocyte HaCat cells, we investigated the effect of QGR on the TNF-α-stimulated production of inflammatory mediators in relation to the nuclear factor (NF)-κB, which regulates the transcription genes involved in immune and inflammatory responses. QGR inhibited the TNF-α-stimulated production of cytokines and chemokines in HaCaT cells. QGR, dexamethasone, cyclosporine A, Bay 11-7085 (an inhibitor of NF-κB activation) and cell signaling ERK inhibitor attenuated the TNF-α-induced formation of inflammatory mediators and activation of the NF-κB and ERK. Unlike other compounds, dexamethasone and cyclosporine A did not reduce formation of reactive oxygen species. The results show that QGR may attenuate TNF-α-stimulated inflammatory mediator production in HaCaT cells by suppressing the activation of the ERK-mediated NF-κB pathway that is mediated by reactive oxygen species. Additionally, QGR may exhibit a preventive effect against the proinflammatory mediator-induced skin diseases by inhibiting the activation of the ERK and NF-κB pathways.
    International immunopharmacology 05/2013; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Natural phenol licorice compounds have been shown to induce apoptosis in cancer cells. 3-(5'-Hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzyl indazole (YC-1) may enhance the sensitivity of cancer cells to anticancer drugs. However, the combined effect of licochalcone A and YC-1 on cell death in ovarian cancer cells has not been studied. We assessed the combined effect of licochalcone A and YC-1 on apoptosis in human epithelial ovarian carcinoma cell lines in relation to the cell death process. In the OVCAR-3 and SK-OV-3 cell lines, licochalocone A induced a decrease in Bid, Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and survivin protein levels; an increase in Bax levels; loss of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential; cytochrome c release; activation of caspases (-8, -9 and -3); cleavage of PARP-1; and an increase in the tumor suppressor p53 levels. YC-1 enhanced licochalcone A-induced apoptosis-related protein activation, nuclear damage and cell death. These results suggest that YC-1 may potentiate the apoptotic effect of licochalcone A on ovarian carcinoma cell lines by increasing the activation of the caspase-8- and Bid-dependent pathway and the mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathway, leading to caspase activation. The combination of licochalcone A and YC-1 may confer a benefit in the treatment of human epithelial ovarian adenocarcinoma.
    European journal of pharmacology 03/2012; 683(1-3):54-62. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microbial products, including lipopolysaccharide, may be involved in the pathogenesis of skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis. Diarylheptanoids such as oregonin and hirsutenone have been shown to have an anti-inflammatory effect. We investigated the effect of hirsutenone on lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory mediator production in keratinocytes in relation to the Toll-like receptor 4-mediated activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB pathways. Hirsutenone, dexamethasone, ERK inhibitor or Bay 11-7085 (an inhibitor of NF-kappaB activation) reduced the lipopolysaccharide-induced production of cytokines IL-1beta and IL-8, and the chemokine CCL17. Hirsutenone, ERK inhibitor or Bay 11-7085 also prevented the lipopolysaccharide-induced expression of Toll-like receptor 4, the phosphorylation of inhibitory kappaB-alpha, the activation of NF-kappaB and the expression of ERK. The results show that hirsutenone may reduce the lipopolysaccharide-stimulated production of inflammatory mediators in keratinocytes by suppressing the Toll-like receptor 4 expression-mediated NF-kappaB activation that is regulated by the ERK pathway. These findings suggest that hirsutenone may exert a preventive effect against microbial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory skin diseases through inhibition of ERK pathway-mediated NF-kappaB activation.
    International immunopharmacology 02/2010; 10(4):520-5. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Defects in mitochondrial function have been shown to participate in the induction of cell death in cancer cells. The present study was designed to assess the toxic effect of 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid against human cervix and uterus tumor cell line SiHa cells in relation to the mitochondria-mediated cell-death process and evaluate the combined toxic effect of 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid and anti-cancer drugs. 18beta-Glycyrrhetinic acid induced the nuclear damage, changes in the mitochondrial membrane permeability, formation of reactive oxygen species and depletion of glutathione in SiHa cells. It caused cell death by inducing the increase in the pro-apoptotic Bax protein and cytochrome c levels, reduction in anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 level, subsequent caspase-3 activation and loss of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential. Unlike 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid, a pro-compound glycyrrhizin up to 100 microM did not induce cell death and depletion of glutathione. Combined treatment of mitomycin c (or doxorubicin) and 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid revealed a synergistic toxic effect. Meanwhile, combination of camptothecin and 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid exhibited an additive cytotoxic effect. Results suggest that 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid may cause cell death in SiHa cells by inducing the mitochondrial membrane permeability change, leading to cytochrome c release and caspase-3 activation. The effect may be associated with increased formation of reactive oxygen species and depletion of glutathione. Combined treatment of antibiotic anti-cancer drug and 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid seems to exhibit a synergistic toxic effect.
    Life Sciences 09/2008; 83(13-14):481-9. · 2.56 Impact Factor