The Journal of Rheumatology 09/2008; 35(8):1680-1. · 3.69 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To assess a response to infliximab therapy in childhood uveitis.
Retrospective case series.
We reviewed the course of 16 children with noninfectious uveitis treated with infliximab at an academic medical center. Outcome measures included incidence of uveitis recurrences, proportion of patients achieving zero or two-step decline in ocular inflammation, visual acuity, and proportion discontinuing topical glucocorticoids at zero, three, six, nine, and 12 months of therapy.
Of sixteen children (29 affected eyes) with median age 11 years, six had associated extraocular inflammatory conditions. Fifteen of 16 were treated with concomitant methotrexate. Median follow-up was 26 months and median maintenance infliximab dose was 8.2 mg/kg. The median interval between infliximab infusions was 5.6 weeks. At one year, 64% achieved zero ocular inflammation, and 79% had zero inflammation or a two-step decline in inflammation. Topical glucocorticoids were discontinued in 69%, and 58% remained free of uveitis recurrence at one year. Visual acuity remained stable. Infliximab was discontinued in two children, one because of inefficacy and the other because of parental concern about potential side effects. No adverse events occurred.
Sixteen children with chronic, noninfectious uveitis tolerated chronic methotrexate and infliximab therapy. Visual acuity remained stable, control of ocular inflammation improved, and reliance on topical glucocorticoids decreased. High infliximab doses and frequent dosing intervals were necessary to control uveitis.
American Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2008; 144(6):844-849. · 4.22 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 4 year-old boy with Parry-Romberg syndrome who had intractable seizures, progressive cerebral hemisphere atrophy, and fatal brain stem involvement.
Journal of Pediatrics 04/2005; 146(3):429-31. · 4.11 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To describe the health and functional status of children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) diagnosed in the early 1990s.
Patients were obtained from the Pediatric Rheumatology Disease Registry, a database of patients seen in pediatric rheumatology centers across the United States. Questionnaires designed to be filled out after retrospective chart review were sent to pediatric rheumatologists caring for children diagnosed with JRA between 1992 and 1997.
We studied 703 patients -- 376 with pauciarticular onset (pauci), 232 with polyarticular onset (poly), and 95 with systemic onset JRA (systemic). At 1 year after diagnosis, half of the pauci and systemic patients no longer required medication, compared to 78% of the poly patients; 98% of the patients functioned in Steinbrocker classes I and II. Six percent of pauci, 27% of poly, and 11% of systemic patients had limitations in school function. Nearly 1/3 of poly patients already had joint space narrowing on radiograph. By 5 years after diagnosis, all pauci, 88% of poly, and 70% of systemic patients were in Steinbrocker classes I and II; but 6% of pauci, 28% of poly, and 44% of systemic patients had limitations in school function. Nearly 2/3 of poly and systemic patients had joint space narrowing.
In these children treated prior to the era of biologic therapy, at 5 years after onset, > 25% of poly and nearly half of systemic patients had functional limitations that required modifications in their school schedule. Radiographically evident joint space damage was seen within a year of onset in poly patients, and by 5 years 2/3 of poly and systemic patients had damage.
The Journal of Rheumatology 02/2003; 30(2):394-400. · 3.69 Impact Factor