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ABSTRACT: In cattle, bracken fern toxicity is characterized by the presence of haematuria and tumours of the urinary bladder of both epithelial and mesenchymal origin. This syndrome is known as chronic enzootic hematuria (CEH) and is also present in Romania. From January 2006 to April 2007, 90 urinary bladders from slaughtered cows originating from hill-mountain area of Neamt county (Romania), where CEH is endemic, were collected. All samples were histologically examined and Bovine papillomavirus type 2 (BPV-2) DNA was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis in 68% of the analyzed tumours samples. BPV-2 positive urinary bladder tumours were also immunohistochemically analysed for the expression of the major viral oncoprotein E5. We found the expression of E5 intracytoplasmically with a typical juxtanuclear pattern. E5 expression was not observed in normal mucosa, suggesting a causal role for this protein in the neoplastic process. This is the first report of BPV-2 infection in Eastern European country, confirming the role of BPV-2 in naturally occurring bovine urothelial carcinogenesis.
Research in Veterinary Science 09/2008; 85(1):145-8. · 1.77 Impact Factor