[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lymph node involvement is the single most important factor in the prognosis of endometrial cancer, because it is predictive of locoregional and distant metastases. The purpose of our study was to determine whether lymphadenectomy is useful in the surgical staging of endometrial cancer and if it may help establish a more accurate prognosis and reduce the need for postoperative therapy in patients without surgical complications.
We conducted a retrospective study on 55 patients with diagnosis of endometrial cancer.
Surgical staging of patients undergoing pelvic lymphadenectomy (47/55) showed that 59.6% of cases (n = 28) had Stage I cancer (IA in 4, IB in 16, IC in 8), 17.02% (n = 8) Stage II (IIA in 3, IIB in 5), 21.2% (n = 10) Stage III (IIIB in 5, IIIC in 5), and 2.1% (n = 1) Stage IVA. In the remaining eight patients with a very high anesthesiologic risk (ASA 4), surgical staging was incomplete because they underwent only node palpation.
In conclusion, as we wait for the sentinel lymph node technique to demonstrate satisfactory results and be standardized also for endometrial cancer, we believe that surgical lymph node dissection plays a crucial role in debulking this type of cancer. When performed by a good surgical oncology team, it does not entail a significantly increased operative risk.
European journal of gynaecological oncology 01/2009; 30(5):536-8. · 0.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia is most frequently in young women in reproductive age. Cold knife conization, laser ablation, laser conization and large loop excision are conservative methods of treatment to remove the transformation zone and preserve the cervical function. Previous studies have shown conflicting results on the outcomes of pregnancy following these therapies that might increase the risk of preterm delivery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of pregnancy after conization and its role as predictive risk factor.
A retrospective study was performed. The study group comprised 80 women who had a conization and that had a subsequent singleton pregnancy. Variables considered includes maternal excision date, surgery procedure, previous surgery treatments, time interval between excisional procedure and subsequent pregnancy; duration and week of pregnancy, mode of delivery, histological grading (no cervical intraepithelial neoplasia [CIN], CIN 1, CIN 2-3) and cone excised depth.
In group study 45 women underwent loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) conization, 32 cold knife conization and 3 laser CO2. The authors found 11 cases of cone tissue depth<1 cm, and remaining one>1 cm. Eight preterm delivery have been reported to data: 5 between 28 and 34 weeks, 2 lower than 28 weeks and 1 between 34 and 37 weeks.
In these preliminary data the percentage of preterm birth appears as 10% and in range 6-15% evaluated for women not submitted to excisional procedures.