Lei Dong

Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi Sheng, China

Are you Lei Dong?

Claim your profile

Publications (57)53.57 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a functional upper gastrointestinal disorder. The etiology and pathogenesis of FD remain unclear, with genetic factors playing an important role. Previous studies investigated the association of C825T in GNβ3 with FD, with conflicting results reported. The aim of this meta-analysis is to assess the association of genetic variants in GNβ3 with FD. We performed a systematic literature search in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and Web of Knowledge, and conducted a meta-analysis to assess the association of C825T in GNβ3 with FD. For sensitivity analysis, we analyzed the association between C825T and subtypes of FD. We also performed meta-analyses separately for individual ethnic groups/countries of origin. A total of eight studies met the eligibility criteria and were included in our analyses. Our meta-analysis finds no association between 825CC and FD (OR 1.19, 95 % CI 0.84-1.67, p = 0.328). However, the association is significant under an additive model (OR 0.59, 95 % CI 0.38-0.92, p = 0.018). Sensitivity analysis indicated a significant association of C825T with FD in participants from Korea but not in those from Japan, Europe, or the United States. We also detected a significant association of this SNP with dysmotility. The genetic variant C825T in GNβ3 is significantly associated with FD under an additive model and the association is race-specific. Further studies with larger samples sizes are needed to validate our findings and to explore the potential mechanism underlying the association.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 02/2014; · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Estrogen is suggested to participate in pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but expression of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) in the colon of IBS patients has never been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of GPER and classical estrogen receptors in the colon of IBS patients and healthy controls.
    International journal of clinical and experimental pathology. 01/2014; 7(5):2238-46.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Diospyrobezoars are a rare cause of small intestinal obstruction. A 78-year-old man, with a history of persimmons ingestion and gastrectomy, presented with upper abdominal pain and weight loss. The upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a huge bezoar in the stomach. After initial endoscopic fragmentation, the abdominal X-ray revealed intestinal obstruction and the colonoscopy showed large fragments of the bezoar filling the terminal ileum. The migrated bezoar pieces were successfully removed by endoscopic fragmentation with a cutting lithotripter.
    BMJ case reports. 01/2014; 2014.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the therapeutic effect of thyroid hormone in nude mice bearing human pancreatic cancer xenograft. A BALB/c nude mouse model bearing pancreatic cancer was established with human pancreatic cancer cell line Bx-PC3. The mouse models were divided randomly into 5 groups, namely the control group treated with distilled water, high and low concentrations of thyroid hormone (T3) groups, and high and low concentration of propylthiouracil (PTU) groups. After intervention for 21 days, the changes in body weight and xenograft tumor volume and weight were measured, and the serum T3 concentration was detected by ELISA assay. The expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and microvessel density (MVD) were detected using immunobistochemistry. The body weight of nude mice in T3 groups was significantly reduced after intervention, while that in PTU groups showed no obvious changes. Compared with PTU groups and control group, T3 groups showed significantly reduced tumor volume and weight (P<0.05) with also reduced PCNA expression and MVD, but these effect did not exhibit a dose dependence (P>0.05). Thyroid hormone can inhibit the growth of human pancreatic cancer in nude mice by suppressing the proliferation and angiogenesis of the tumor cells, suggesting the potential value of thyroid hormone in pancreatic cancer therapy.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 08/2013; 33(8):1160-1164.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To observe the effect of neferine on Collagen-I, TIMP-1 and MMP-2 expressions and protein secretion of hepatic stellate cells. The hepatic stellate cell line HSC-T6 was cultured in vitro, and then randomly divided into 5 groups: the control group, the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) group and PDGF + neferine (2, 6, 10 micromol x L(-1)) groups. All of the groups were cultured for 48 h, and their cells were collected to extract mRNA and detect Collagen-I, TIMP-1 and MMP-2 expressions with RT-PCR. Their cell supernatants were also collected to determine the protein content of three factors with ELISA. Compared with the control group, PDGF could remarkably increase the Collagen-I, TIMP-1 and MMP-2 expressions and protein secretion of hepatic stellate cells. Compared with the PDGF group, PDGF + neferine (6, 10 micromol x L(-1)) groups showed a notable decrease in the Collagen-I and mRNA expression and protein secretion along with the increase in the concentration, whereas the PDGF + neferine (2 micromol x L(-1)) group showed no significant change in the Collagen-I and mRNA expression and protein secretion. Compared with the PDGF group, three PDGF + neferine groups showed no notable change in MMP-2 expression and protein secretion. Neferine can inhibit the Collagen-I, TIMP-1 and mRNA protein expression and protein secretion of PDGF-induced HSCs along with the increase in the concentration, but with not remarkable effect on the MMP-2 expression and secretion.
    Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 07/2013; 38(13):2206-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: This study was aimed at investigating the effect of chlorogenic acid (CGA) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced proinflammatory signaling in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). METHODS: An immortalized rat HSC line was cultured in vitro and treated with LPS in the absence or presence of CGA. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in the HSCs was monitored by flow cytometer using DCFH-DA. The protein expression levels of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), and p-IκB-α were determined by Western blot. The mRNA expression levels of TLR4, MyD88, monocyte chemotactic protein 1(MCP-1), and interleukin 6 (IL-6) were detected by RT-PCR. The levels of MCP-1 and IL-6 in the culture supernatant of HSCs were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: CGA had no effect on expression of TLR4 and MyD88. However, the treatment of CGA can inhibit LPS-induced production of ROS in HSCs. Meanwhile, CGA can inhibit LPS-induced nuclear translocation of NF-κB and IκB-α phosphorylation in HSCs, as well as NAC (a ROS scavenger). The mRNA expression and the levels of MCP-1 and IL-6 in the culture supernatant of the HSCs in this study were elevated by LPS stimulation and inhibited by CGA treatment, as well as NAC and PDTC (a NF-κB inhibitor). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that CGA can efficiently inhibit LPS-induced proinflammatory responses in HSCs and the anti-inflammatory effect may be due to the inhibition of LPS/ROS/NF-κB signaling pathway.
    Agents and Actions 03/2013; · 1.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To clarify the role of mast cells and neuropeptides substance P (SP), somatostatin (SS), and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in rats. Methods Experimental colitis was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats (180-200 g, n=20) by oral ingestion of 4% (w/v) DSS in drinking water for 7 days. Control rats (n=5) drank water and were sacrificed on day 0. Mast cell number, histamine levels in whole blood and tissue, tissue levels of SP, SS and, VIP in the distal colon of the rats were measured on day 8, day 13, and day 18 of experimentation. Results Oral administration of 4% DSS solution for 7 days resulted in surface epithelial loss and crypt loss in the distal colon. Mast cell count increased on day 8 (1.75±1.09/mm vs. 0.38±0.24/mm, P<0.05) and day 13 (1.55±1.01/mm vs. 0.38±0.24/mm, P<0.05) after DSS treatment. Whole blood histamine levels were increased on day 8 (266.93±35.62 ng/mL vs. 76.87±32.28 ng/mL, P<0.01) and gradually decreased by day 13 and day 18 after DSS treatment. Histamine levels in the distal colon were decreased on day 8 (1.77±0.65 ng/mg vs. 3.06±0.87 ng/mg, P<0.05) and recovered to control levels by day 13 after DSS treatment. SP level in the distal colon gradually increased and were raised significantly by day 13 (8777.14±3056.14 pg/mL vs. 4739.66±3299.81 pg/mL, P<0.05) after DSS treatment. SS and VIP levels in the distal colon were not changed. Conclusions Mast cell degranulation followed by histamine release may play an important role in the pathogenesis of colitis induced by DSS. SP may be a significant substance in the progression of inflammation and the recovery process of DSS-induced colitis.
    Chinese Medical Sciences Journal 03/2013; 28(1):28-33.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of high glucose on the expressions of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and proinflammatory cytokine production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in hepatic stellate cells in vitro. Hepatic stellate cell line T6 was cultured in vitro and stimulated by high glucose. The mRNA and protein expression of TLR4 were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. After a 24-h pretreatment with high or low glucose, the cells were stimulated with LPS for 2 h, and Western blotting was used to detect the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB); at 24 h of LPS exposure, the cells were examined for MCP-1 and IL-6 mRNA and protein expression levels with RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. High glucose significantly increased the mRNA and protein expressions of TLR4 (P<0.01) in a time- and dose-dependent manner. High glucose promoted NF-κB nuclear translocation and significantly enhanced the expression and secretion of both MCP-1 and IL-6 (P<0.01). Pretreatment with high glucose significantly promoted LPS-induced NF-κB nuclear translocation (P<0.01) and the mRNA expression and secretion of MCP-1 and IL-6. High glucose can increase TLR4 mRNA and protein expressions in hepatic stellate cells and promote LPS-induced NF-κB activation and production of proinflammatory cytokines.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 03/2013; 33(3):386-90.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is a type of polyphenol with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant activities. Our previous studies showed CGA could efficiently inhibit carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced liver fibrosis in rats. However, the specific underlying mechanism remains unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of CGA on liver inflammation and fibrosis induced by CCl(4) and whether they are related to inhibition of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway. Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were administrated CCl(4) together with or without CGA for 8 weeks. Histopathological and biochemical analyses were carried out. The mRNA and protein expression levels of proinflammatory and profibrotic mediators were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The levels of serum proinflammatory cytokines were detected by ELISA. CGA significantly attenuated CCl(4)-induced liver damage and symptoms of liver fibrosis, accompanied by reduced serum transaminase levels, collagen I and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expression. As compared with the CCl(4)-treated group, the expression levels of TLR4, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were reduced in the treatment group of CCl(4) and CGA, whereas bone morphogenetic protein and activin membrane-bound inhibitor (Bambi) expression was increased. CGA also suppressed CCl(4) induced nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation. Moreover, the hepatic mRNA expression and serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were significantly increased in CCl(4)-treated rats and attenuated by co-treatment with CGA. Our data indicate that CGA can efficiently inhibit CCl(4)-induced liver fibrosis in rats and the protective effect may be due to the inhibition of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway.
    Toxicology 11/2012; · 4.02 Impact Factor
  • Ya-Ping Liu, Xin Liu, Lei Dong
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To explore the therapeutic efficacy and safety of lactulose plus live binary Bacillus subtilis in elders with functional constipation. METHODS: A total of 97 elder outpatients or inpatients with functional constipation at our department from September 2011 to April 2012 were divided into 3 groups: lactulose treatment (n = 32), live binary Bacillus subtilis treatment (n = 31) and combined treatment (n = 34). Among them, there were 57 males and 40 females with an average age of (74 ± 6) years old. The course of treatment was 4 weeks in all groups. Then we observed the effective time, therapeutic efficacy, adverse reaction and change of life quality. RESULTS: (1) There were 62.5% (20/32) effective patients in the lactulose treatment group, 41.9% (13/31) in live binary Bacillus subtilis treatment group and 82.4% (28/34) in combined treatment group during 48 hours. Combined treatment group was significantly higher than lactulose treatment group (P < 0.05) and live binary Bacillus subtilis treatment group (P < 0.01). And lactulose treatment group was higher than live binary Bacillus subtilis treatment group (P < 0.05). (2) After 4 weeks, the total effective rates were 68.7% (22/32), 41.9% (13/31)and 94.2% (32/34)respectively. Combined treatment group was significantly higher than lactulose treatment group (P < 0.05) and live binary Bacillus subtilis treatment group (P < 0.01). Meanwhile, lactulose treatment group was superior to live binary Bacillus subtilis treatment group (P < 0.05). (3) After 4 weeks, there was no statistic difference in total adverse reaction rates among 3 groups (P > 0.05). (4) The life quality score of combined treatment group was significantly higher than lactulose treatment group (P < 0.05) and live binary Bacillus subtilis treatment group (P < 0.01) and lactulose treatment group was higher than live binary Bacillus subtilis treatment group (P < 0.05) after a 4-week treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The combined regimen of lactulose and live binary Bacillus subtilis is more effective than lactulose or live binary Bacillus subtilis alone. Besides, there is no significant increase in adverse reactions. Thus the combined regimen of lactulose and live binary Bacillus subtilis is an effective and safe therapeutic method for elders with functional constipation.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 11/2012; 92(42):2961-2964.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) pathophysiology has not been fully understood. Abnormalities of serine proteases have been identified in IBS patients. In addition, protease-activated receptors (PAR) activation interferes with several components of the pathogenesis of IBS, so, evaluating the PAR expression in IBS patients may contribute to understanding the pathogenesis of the disease. This study aimed to investigate whether the expression of PAR4 and PAR2 in the colon was changed in IBS patients and was associated with IBS. Colon mucosal biopsies of 34 IBS patients (16 constipation- and 18 diarrhea-predominant) and 18 control subjects were collected. Gene transcripts of PAR2, PAR4, tryptase, and trypsin were quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the expression of PAR2 and PAR4 receptors was also measured by immunohistology and image analysis. In IBS patients, the mRNA expression of tryptase and trypsin normalized against β-actin gene was higher compared to control subjects (P < 0.001). No difference was observed in the PAR2 mRNA level or protein level between control subjects on the one hand and IBS patients or subgroups on the other. In IBS or IBS subgroups patients, the expression of PAR4 in the mRNA level or protein level was lower than the control subjects. This study, for the first time, indicated the PAR4 expression in IBS patients. Decreased PAR4 expression may help us to understand the pathogenesis of IBS.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 07/2011; 57(1):58-64. · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To clarify the action and possible mechanisms of SPPW, a Chinese herbal preparation consisting of Herba Scutellariae Barbatae, Radix Astragalus, Radix Glycyrrhizae, etc., in suppressing the metastasis of human gastric cancer, by way of observing its effect on the invasive and metastatic capacities of gastric cancer cells. In vitro serial sub-cultured human gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 at the logarithmic growth phase were randomly divided into 5 groups, i.e. the negative control group, the 4 treatment groups intervened respectively with SPPW at three different doses (high, middle, and low), and 5-FU. The adhesion capacities of gastric cancer cells to matrigel were detected by MTT assay 48 h after intervention. The invasive and migratory capacities of gastric cancer cells were determined by Transwell assay. The mRNA and protein expressions of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in gastric cancer cells were detected by Western blot and Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) respectively. Compared with the negative control group, the adhesive, invasive and migratory capacities of gastric cancer cells were all significantly inhibited in the four treatment groups (P<0.05, P<0.01). In addition, the protein and mRNA expressions of MMP-9 and VEGF were down-regulated (P<0.01). Significant dose-dependent relation existed in the three SPPW treatment groups (P<0.01). Compared with the 5-FU treatment group, the high dose SPPW treatment group showed significant difference in inhibiting the adhesive and metastatic capacities of gastric cancer cells, lowering VEGF protein expression, and mRNA expressions of MMP-9 and VEGF (P<0.01). SPPW could lower the adhesion of gastric cancer cells to matrigel, and lower the invasion and migration of gastric cancer cells. Meanwhile, it could down-regulate the mRNA and protein expressions of MMP-9 and VEGF, which may possibly be one of its mechanisms for influencing the invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer cells.
    Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine / Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he xue hui, Zhongguo Zhong yi yan jiu yuan zhu ban 07/2011; 31(7):921-5.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated the effects of camostat mesilate (CM), a synthetic protease inhibitor, on visceral sensitivity and paracellular permeability induced by the acute restraint stress. We also explored the possible mechanisms underlying these effects. The acute restraint stress was induced by wrapping the fore shoulders, upper forelimbs and thoracic trunk of Sprague-Dawley rats for 2h. Either CM (30, 100 and 300mg/kg) or saline was intragastrically administrated to the rats 30min before the acute restraint stress. Visceral perception was quantified as visceral motor response with an electromyography in a subset of rats. Paracellular permeability was determined in another subset of rats. We found that the visceral sensitivity and paracellular permeability were significantly reduced in the CM-treated rats. Moreover, the fecal protease activity was decreased in the CM-treated rats. The ZO-1 protein expression was markedly reduced by the stress treatment, but this decrease was suppressed by CM administration. Our data indicated that CM could efficiently inhibit visceral sensitivity and paracellular permeability induced by the acute restraint stress in rats. Therefore, CM might be an effective drug for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome.
    European journal of pharmacology 03/2011; 654(3):289-94. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lipid accumulation in non-adipose tissues leads to cell dysfunction and apoptosis, a phenomenon known as lipotoxicity. Unsaturated fatty acids may offset the lipotoxicity associated with saturated fatty acids. Stearic acid induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and caused apoptotic and necrotic cell death in the primary rat hepatocytes. Cell viability was investigated using MTT assay, and apoptosis was evaluated with Hoechst 33342 staining. Western blot analysis was used to examine the changes in the expression levels of glucose regulated protein 78 (GRP78), glucose regulated protein 94 (GRP94), and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP). Caspase-3 activity was evaluated using a Caspase-3 substrate kit. We have studied the ability of α-linolenic acid to prevent endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated apoptosis of rat hepatocytes elicited by stearic acid and thapsigargin. Incubation of primary rat hepatocytes for 16 h with stearic acid produced a significant increase in cell death. Stearic acid also increased levels of three indicators of ER stress -- GRP78, CHOP, and GRP94. α-Linolenic acid distinctly reduced cell death and levels of all three indicators of ER stress brought about by stearic acid. Thapsigargin, which induces ER stress produced similar effects to those obtained using stearic acid; its effects were partly reversed by α-linolenic acid. These results suggest that α-linolenic acid prevents ER stress-mediated apoptosis of stearic acid lipotoxicity on primary rat hepatocytes might become a target to develop new antiapoptotic compounds in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
    Lipids in Health and Disease 01/2011; 10:81. · 2.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hepatic inflammation and degeneration induced by lipid depositions may be the major cause of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In this study, we investigated the effects of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids (FA) on apoptosis in primary rat hepatocytes. The primary rat hepatocytes were treated with palmitic acid and/or α-linolenic acid in vitro. The expression of proteins associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, apoptosis, caspase-3 levels were detected after the treatment. The treatment with palmitic acid produced a significant increase in cell death. The unfolded protein response (UPR)-associated genes CHOP, GRP78, and GRP94 were induced to higher expression levels by palmitic acid. Co-treatment with α-linolenic acid reversed the apoptotic effect and levels of all three indicators of ER stress exerted by palmitic acid. Tunicamycin, which induces ER stress produced similar effects to those obtained using palmitic acid; its effects were also reversed by α-linolenic acid. α-Linolenic acid may provide a useful strategy to avoid the lipotoxicity of dietary palmitic acid and nutrient overload accompanied with obesity and NAFLD.
    Lipids in Health and Disease 01/2011; 10:122. · 2.31 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neferine is a major alkaloid component of "Lian Zi Xin", embryos of the seeds of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner, Nymphaeaceae. Previous studies have shown that neferine has an inhibitory effect on pulmonary fibrosis through its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities and inhibition of cytokines and NF-κB. However, it is unknown whether neferine also has an inhibitory effect on liver fibrosis through inhibition of TGF-β1 and collagen I and facilitation of apoptosis of hepatic stellate cells. This study examined the effects of neferine on cultured hepatic stellate (HSC-T6) cells and explored its possible action mechanisms by means of MTT assay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, flow-cytometric annexin V-PI assay and Hoechst 33258 staining, as well as real-time PCR and western blotting. The results showed that neferine administration (2, 4, 6, 8 and 10μmol/l) significantly decreased the TGF-β1 and collagen I produced in HSC-T6 cells, and increased the HSC-T6 cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Neferine treatment for 48h at concentrations of 6 and 10μmol/l significantly increased Bax and caspase 3 mRNAs and proteins, and reduced Bcl2 and alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) mRNAs and proteins. Our data indicate that neferine efficiently inhibits cultured HSC-T6 cell activation and induces apoptosis by increasing Bax and caspase 3 expression via the mitochondrial pathway.
    European journal of pharmacology 10/2010; 650(1):163-9. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To study the relationship between COX-2 gene and hereditariness to Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease by detecting single nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter of COX-2 gene. Genotypes of 200 case patients with NAFLD and 206 control subjects were examined by polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). The DNA samples were extracted from the peripheral blood of all subjects. Two SNPs, -1195G more than A and -765 G more than C, were identified with frequencies of variant alleles 54% and 5% in patients with NAFLD and 48% and 2% in control, respectively. A case-control analysis revealed a 1.13-fold (95% CI = 1.01-2.46) and a 2.35-fold (95% CI = 1.17-3.65) excess risk of developing NAFLD for -1195AA or -765CG genotype carriers compared with noncarriers. Compared with G-1195-G-765 containing haplotype, a greater risk of developing NAFLD was observed for A-1195-G-765 (OR =1.42; 95% CI =1.11-1.63) and A-1195-C-765 (OR = 4.24; 95% CI =1.72-14.22) containing haplotypes. A greater risk of developing NAFLD was observed for A-1195 and C-765 containing haplotype compared with other haplotype, suggesting an interaction between the -1195A and -765C in the context of haplotype. These findings suggest that genetic variants in the COX-2 promoter may play an important role in mediating susceptibility to developing NAFLD in a Chinese population. -1195G more than A and -765G more than C in promoter region of Cyclooxygenase-2 gene, whose single nucleotide polymorphisms are related with development of NAFLD, are the significance factors of the susceptibility of NAFLD.
    Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 10/2010; 18(10):773-7.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examined the effects of a coffee preparation on liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) and explored the possible mechanisms. Rats were divided randomly into four groups: control, CCl(4), and two coffee preparation groups. Except for the control group, liver fibrosis was induced in male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats by subcutaneous injection with 40% CCl(4) twice a week for 8 weeks. At the same time, a coffee preparation (300 mg/kg and 150 mg/kg) was administered to the two coffee preparation groups intragastrically once daily. Upon pathological examination, a coffee preparation treatment significantly reduced liver damage and symptoms of liver fibrosis. The mRNA expression of collagen I, collagen III, bcl-2, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) were markedly increased by CCl(4) treatment but suppressed by a coffee preparation treatment. Whereas compared with the CCl(4) group, the mRNA expression of Bax was increased in the coffee preparation group. The protein expression of Bax and bcl-2 were confirmed by western blot. Intragastric administration of a coffee preparation reduced the protein expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) and the glucose-regulated proteins (GRP) 78 and 94 in rats increased by CCl(4). Our data indicate that a coffee preparation can efficiently inhibit CCl(4)-induced liver fibrosis in rats. The coffee preparation may therefore be a potential functional food for preventing liver fibrosis.
    Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland) 06/2010; 29(3):399-405. · 3.27 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study examined the effects of chlorogenic acid (CGA) on liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) and explored the possible mechanisms of action. Liver fibrosis was induced in male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats by the injection of 40% CCl(4) subcutaneously twice a week for eight weeks. At the same time, CGA (60 and 30mg/kg) was administered intragastrically once daily to a subset of rats. Upon pathological examination, the CGA-treated rats showed significantly reduced liver damage and symptoms of liver fibrosis. The expression of collagen I and collagen III mRNA was increased markedly by the CCl(4) treatment but this increase was suppressed by CGA. As compared with the CGA-treated group, the expression of bcl-2, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and transforming growth factor (TGF-beta1) mRNA was increased in CCl(4) group, whereas Bax mRNA expression decreased. The expression of Bax and bcl-2 protein was confirmed by western blotting. Intragastric administration of CGA reduced the protein expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) and glucose-regulated proteins 78 and 94 (GRP78 and GRP94) in rats injured by treatment with CCl(4). Our data indicate that CGA can efficiently inhibit CCl(4)-induced liver fibrosis in rats. Therefore, CGA could be an effective drug for preventing liver fibrosis.
    European journal of pharmacology 09/2009; 623(1-3):119-24. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the role of mast cells and gut hormones and their interactions in TNBS-induced ulcerative colitis. Rat models of ulcerative colitis were established by a single intracolonic injection of 100 mg/kg TNBS (in 0.3 ml 50% ethanol). At 0, 6, 11, 16, 21 days after TNBS injection, the rats were sacrificed to determine the count of the mast cells. Histamine level in the whole blood, and the levels of histamine, substance P (SP), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and somatostatin (SS) in the distal colons were measured by fluoremetry or radioimmunal assay. Immunofluorescence double staining was used to observe the relationship of the mast cells with SP, VIP, and SS positive nerve fibers. On day 6 after TNBS injection, obvious ulcers occurred in the distal colon of the rats with significantly increased histamine level in the whole blood (P<0.05) but significantly decreased colonic histamine levels (P<0.05). The histamine levels in the whole blood and distal colon gradually recovered the normal levels. The mast cells significantly increased on day 16 (P<0.05) and maintained the high level till day 21. The distribution of mast cells was altered after TNBS injection, and the cells were found to aggregate in the myenteric region. SP levels in the distal colon significantly increased on day 11 (P<0.05) and maintained the high level till day 21. Immunofluorescence double staining revealed numerous mast cells close to the SP- and VIP-positive nerve fibers at different time points after TNBS injection. VIP positivivity and the number of VIP-positive nerve fibers in the myenteric region were markedly increased, but no mast cells were observed in association with SP- and VIP-positive nerve fibers. The distribution of MC was not found to associate with the SS-positive nerve fibers. The mast cells and histamine released by them, as well as parasecretion of SP and VIP, participate in tissue damage by TNBS-induced colitis. Bidirectional neuroimmunomodulation of the mast cells, SP and VIP have important effect on the development of TNBS-induced colitis.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 08/2009; 29(7):1359-63.

Publication Stats

239 Citations
53.57 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2012
    • Xi'an Jiaotong University
      • Department of Gastroenterology
      Xi’an, Shaanxi Sheng, China
  • 2010
    • Henan Provincial People’s Hospital
      Cheng, Henan Sheng, China
  • 2003
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • Department of Digestive Disease
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China