ABSTRACT: To identify glycogen synthase kinase (GSK) 3alpha expression in a mouse model of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), we investigated the changes of GSK3alpha in the central nervous system of SOD1(G93A) transgenic mice by immunohistochemistry.
We used 12 SOD1(G93A) transgenic and ten wild-type (wt) SOD1 transgenic mice bred by 'The Jackson Laboratory' under the strain designations B6SJL-TgN (SOD1(G93A)) 1 Gur/J and B6SJL-TgN (SOD1) 2 Gur/J, respectively. Immunohistochemistry was performed in accordance with the free-floating method described earlier.
In symptomatic transgenic mice, GSK3alpha-immunoreactive astrocytes were detected in the spinal cord, brainstem and cerebellum of symptomatic SOD1(G93A) transgenic mice. In contrast to symptomatic mice, no GSK3alpha-immunoreactive astrocytes were observed in any brain region of wtSOD1 and pre-symptomatic mice, and the number and intensity of stained cells were not different at the age of 8 and 13 weeks.
These results provide the first evidence that GSK3alpha-immunoreactive astrocytes were found in the CNS of SOD1(G93A) transgenic mice after clinical symptoms, suggesting a possible role in the pathologic process of ALS. However, the mechanisms underlying the increased immunoreactivity for GSK3alpha and the functional implications require elucidation.
Neurological Research 08/2008; 30(9):926-31. · 1.52 Impact Factor