B Bischoff

Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany

Are you B Bischoff?

Claim your profile

Publications (8)24.91 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vestibular schwannomas (VSs) with no or little extension into the internal auditory canal have been addressed as a clinical subentity carrying a poor prognosis regarding hearing preservation, which is attributed to the initially asymptomatic intracisternal growth pattern. The goal in this study was to assess hearing preservation in patients who underwent surgery for medial VSs. A consecutive series of 31 cases in 30 patients with medial VSs (mean size 31 mm) who underwent surgery between 1997 and 2005 via a suboccipitolateral route was evaluated with respect to pre- and postoperative cochlear nerve function, extent of tumor removal, and radiological findings. Intraoperative monitoring of brainstem auditory evoked potentials was performed in all patients with hearing. Patients were reevaluated at a mean of 30 months following surgery. Preoperative hearing function revealed American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Classes A and B in 7 patients each, Class C in 4, and D in 9. Four patients presented with deafness. Hearing preservation was achieved in 10 patients (Classes A-C in 2 patients each, and Class D in 4 patients). Tumor removal was complete in all patients with hearing preservation, except for 2 patients with neurofibromatosis. In 4 patients a planned subtotal excision was performed due to the individual's age or underlying disease. In 1 patient a recurrent tumor was completely removed 3 years after the initial procedure. The cochlear nerve in medial VSs requires special attention due to the atypical intracisternal growth pattern. Even in large tumors, hearing could be preserved in 37% of cases, since the cochlear nerve in medial schwannomas may not exhibit the adherence to the tumor capsule seen in tumors with comparable size involving the internal auditory canal.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 08/2008; 109(1):70-6. · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In vestibular schwannoma surgery, four different intraoperative brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) patterns (stable BAEP, abrupt loss, irreversible progressive loss, reversible loss) can be identified and correlated with postoperative hearing outcome. Patients with reversible loss significantly benefit from postoperative vasoactive treatment consisting of hydroxyethyl starch and nimodipine. The present study investigates the treatment effect in the remaining three BAEP patterns. A retrospective analysis was performed in 92 patients operated on for vestibular schwannoma between 1997 and 2005. Between 1997 and 2001, only patients with reversible loss of BAEP received vasoactive medication. Subsequently, all patients operated on between 2001 and 2005 received a 10 day course of therapy, regardless of the BAEP pattern. Serial audiological examinations before, after surgery and after 1 year were performed in all patients. All 30 patients with reversible loss of BAEP received medication, and postoperative hearing preservation was documented in 21 patients. All 13 patients with stable waves showed hearing preservation, regardless of treatment. In all 24 patients with abrupt loss and in all 25 patients with irreversible progressive loss, postoperative anacusis was documented, regardless of treatment. In patients with reversible loss of BAEP, a disturbed microcirculation of the cochlear nerve seems to be the underlying pathophysiological factor. In patients with abrupt or irreversible progressive loss, additional mechanical injury of nerve fibres determines hearing outcome. The study provides evidence that for the purpose of hearing preservation, only patients with reversible loss of BAEP benefit from vasoactive treatment.
    Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 03/2008; 79(2):170-5. · 4.87 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper, the authors introduce a method of noninvasive anatomical analysis of the facial nerve-vestibulocochlear nerve complex and the depiction of the variable vascular relationships by using 3D volume visualization. With this technique, a detailed spatial representation of the facial and vestibulocochlear nerves was obtained. Patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) resulting from neurovascular compression (NVC) were examined. A total of 25 patients (13 males and 12 females) with HFS underwent 3D visualization using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with 3D constructive interference in a steady state (CISS). Each data set was segmented and visualized with respect to the individual neurovascular relationships by direct volume rendering. Segmentation and visualization of the facial and vestibulocochlear nerves were performed with reference to their root exit zone (REZ), as well as proximal and distal segments including corresponding blood vessels. The 3D visualizations were interactively compared with the intraoperative situation during microvascular decompression (MVD) to verify the results with the observed microneurosurgical anatomy. Of the 25 patients, 20 underwent MVD (80%). Microvascular details were recorded on the affected and unaffected sides. On the affected sides, the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) was the most common causative vessel. The posterior inferior cerebellar artery, vertebral artery, internal auditory artery, and veins at the REZ of the facial nerve (the seventh cranial nerve) were also found to cause vascular contacts to the REZ of the facial nerve. In addition to this, the authors identified three distinct types of NVC within the REZ of the facial nerve at the affected sides. The authors analyzed the varying courses of the vessels on the unaffected sides. There were no bilateral clinical symptoms of HFS and no bilateral vascular compression of the REZ of the facial nerve. The authors discovered that the AICA is the most common vessel that interferes with the proximal and distal portions of the facial nerve without any contact between vessels and the REZ of the facial nerve on the unaffected sides. Three-dimensional visualization by direct volume rendering of 3D CISS MR imaging data offers the opportunity of noninvasive exploration and anatomical categorization of the facial nerve-vestibulocochlear nerve complex. Furthermore, it proves to be advantageous in establishing the diagnosis and guiding neurosurgical procedures by representing original MR imaging patient data in a 3D fashion. This modality provides an excellent overview of the entire neurovascular relationship of the cerebellopontine angle in each case.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 01/2008; 107(6):1154-63. · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Neurophysiology - CLIN NEUROPHYSIOL. 01/2007; 118(4).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Delayed hearing loss following surgery for acoustic neuroma indicates anatomical and functional preservation of the cochlear nerve and implies that a pathophysiological mechanism is initiated during surgery and continues thereafter. Intraoperative brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) typically demonstrate gradual reversible loss of components in these patients. Based on this BAEP pattern, a consecutive series of 41 patients with unilateral acoustic neuromas was recruited into a prospective randomized study to investigate hearing outcomes following the natural postoperative course and recuperation after vasoactive medication. Both groups were comparable in patient age, tumor size, and preoperative hearing level. Twenty patients did not receive postoperative medical treatment. In 70% of these patients anacusis was documented and in 30% hearing was preserved. Twenty-one patients were treated with hydroxyethyl starch and nimodipine for an average of 9 days. In 66.6% of these patients hearing was preserved and in 33.3% anacusis occurred. These results are statistically significant (p < 0.05, chi2 = 5.51) and provide evidence that these surgically treated patients suffer from a disturbed microcirculation that causes delayed hearing loss following removal of acoustic neuromas.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 11/2001; 95(5):771-7. · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • C Strauss, M Neu, B Bischoff, J Romstöck
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Preservation of venous drainage during surgery of the cerebellopontine angle has received little attention. We describe changes in brainstem auditory evoked potentials after temporary obstruction of the superior petrosal vein during surgical resection of a small meningioma at the petrous apex via a standard suboccipital-lateral approach. Temporary clipping of the petrosal vein resulted in deterioration of the brainstem auditory evoked potentials. The tumor was removed with preservation of the superior petrosal vein. A transient postoperative cochlear nerve deficit emphasizes the importance of venous drainage and its preservation during surgery for small lesions of the cerebellopontine angle that do not distort normal anatomic structures.
    Neurosurgery 06/2001; 48(5):1157-9; discussion 1159-61. · 2.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Contralateral hearing loss after surgical procedures within the cerebellopontine angle is rarely seen and its pathophysiological background is not yet understood. A patient with contralateral hearing loss after microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia is described. Ipsilateral brainstem auditory potential (BAEP) monitoring and facial nerve EMG did not show major abnormalities. During otherwise uneventful and successful surgery a branch of the petrosal vein was sacrificed to widen the access to the trigeminal root exit zone. On the third postoperative day the patient complained about contralateral hearing loss, which was verified by audiometry. Contralateral BAEPs showed low amplitudes and delayed interpeak latencies. Brain CT was normal. Brain MRI on the 8th postoperative day disclosed abnormal signals within the ipsilateral inferior colliculus. Intravenous heparinisation was performed and hearing slowly recovered over a 3 month period. Results from this patient offer a pathophysiological mechanism for contralateral hearing loss after cerebellopontine angle surgery, illustrate the importance of venous drainage preservation, gives evidence about the generation of BAEP components within the contralateral brainstem, and stresses the importance of intraoperative BAEP monitoring.
    Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery &amp Psychiatry 12/2000; 69(5):679-82. · 4.92 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Based on a consecutive series of 70 hearing patients with unilateral acoustic neurinomas and intraoperative monitoring of brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP), 4 dynamic BAEP patterns could be characterized. These patterns correspond with early and late postoperative hearing outcome. All patients with stable wave V (pattern 1) showed definite hearing preservation, all patients with irreversible abrupt loss of BAEP (pattern 2) lost their hearing, despite early hearing preservation in two cases. All patients with irreversible progressive loss of either wave I or wave V (pattern 3) eventually suffered from definite postoperative hearing loss, despite early hearing preservation in two cases. Those cases with intraoperative reversible loss of BAEP (pattern 4) showed variable short and long term hearing outcome. In 34% hearing was preserved, 44% suffered from postoperative hearing loss, the remaining 22% showed postoperative hearing fluctuation, either as a delayed hearing loss or as reversible hearing loss. Postoperative hearing fluctuation indicates anatomical and functional preservation of the cochlear nerve during surgery and is suggestive of a pathophysiological mechanism initiated during the surgical procedure and continuing thereafter. Patients at risk for delayed hearing loss can be identified during surgery by a characteristic BAEP pattern and may benefit from vasoactive treatment.
    Clinical Neurophysiology 12/1999; 110(11):1935-41. · 3.14 Impact Factor