ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease has recently been suggested to be a significant complication of cancer treatment with several kinase inhibitors. In some cases, the mechanisms leading to cardiotoxicity are postulated to include mitochondrial dysfunction, either as a primary or secondary effect. Detecting direct effects on mitochondrial function, such as uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation or inhibition of electron transport chain components, as well as identifying targets within the mitochondrial electron transport chain, can be accomplished in vitro. Here, we examined the effects of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor drugs imatinib, dasatinib, sunitinib, and sorafenib on ATP content in H9c2 cells grown under conditions where cells are either glycolytically or aerobically poised. Furthermore, we measured respiratory capacity of isolated rat heart mitochondria in the presence of the four kinase inhibitors and examined their effect on each of the oxidative phosphorylation complexes. Of the four kinase inhibitors examined, only sorafenib directly impaired mitochondrial function at clinically relevant concentrations, potentially contributing to the cytotoxic effect of the drug. For the other three kinase inhibitors lacking direct mitochondrial effects, altered kinase and other signaling pathways, are a more reasonable explanation for potential toxicity.
Toxicological Sciences 08/2008; 106(1):153-61. · 4.65 Impact Factor